What is zeolite?
Zeolite is a natural volcanic mineral discovered in deposits throughout the western half of the united states.
Zeolite is among the rare minerals that possess a natural unfavorable charge. The combination of the honeycomb structure and net unfavorable charge permits zeolite to both take in liquids and adsorb aspects based upon the strength of the chemical bond. The magnetic attraction a component needs to zeolite is called the cec worth or capability to ion-exchange while the honeycomb structure uses molecular screen to filter compounds.
Normally, natural zeolite consists of an open, three-dimensional cage-like structure with a large network of open channels. These channels flowing throughout each granule are what make zeolite such a capable absorbent. When the loosely bound, positively charged atoms (cations) travel through a channel, they end up being bound to the negatively charged honeycomb structure.
Zeolite has an aluminosilicate structure. Which simply suggests minerals composed of aluminum, silicon, and oxygen, plus countercations. This structure offers extraordinary strength and stability to the honeycomb structure. It likewise makes it extremely difficult for the favorably charged atoms (cations) to leach from zeolite.
There are a couple of aspects that identify the absorption/adsorption capabilities of natural zeolite. They are molecular structure, surface area, surface area charge density, and cation exchange capacity. These elements will identify bulk density and stability under numerous conditions. For example, zeolite might have a higher bulk density after it has actually adsorbed heavy metals due to the reality it has included matter to itself. The smaller sized the granule size of zeolite the more it will soak up and adsorb due to the added area.
The differing sizes allow for various commercial applications. The smaller the size, the much faster absorption will take place together with greatly increased surface are. Bigger granule sizes are useful for water clean-up tasks or water filters. The bigger sizes permit water to flow at greater rates and to the wanted back flow pressure. We have actually produced custom mixtures or spec product in the past. Connect to us with your questions on customized zeolite mixes. 
What unique homes do zeolites have?
Zeolites are really steady solids that withstand the kinds of environmental conditions that challenge many other products. Heats don’t bother them because they have reasonably high melting points (over 1000 ° c), and they do not burn. They likewise withstand high pressures, do not disssolve in water or other inorganic solvents, and don’t oxidize in the air. They’re not believed to trigger illness through, for example, skin contact or inhalation, though in fibrous form, they may have carcinogenic (cancer-causing) effects. Since they’re unreactive and based upon naturally happening minerals, they’re not believed to have any hazardous environmental impacts. Although zeolites might sound extremely uninteresting, their stable and unreactive nature isn’t what makes them useful.
The most interesting thing about zeolites is their open, cage-like, “structure” structure and the way it can trap other particles inside it. This is how water particles and alkali or alkaline-earth metal ions (positively charged atoms with too few electrons, in some cases called cations) become a part of zeolite crystals– although they do not necessarily remain there permanently. Zeolites can exchange other positively charged ions for the metal ions originally caught inside them (technically this is called cation exchange) and, as cronstedt found over 250 years ago, they can get or lose their water molecules really quickly too (this is called reversible dehydration). Zeolites have regular openings in them of fixed size, which let small molecules pass straight through however trap bigger ones; that’s why they’re sometimes described as molecular sieves. Unlike natural zeolites, which happen in random forms and blended sizes, artificial zeolites are made in extremely accurate and uniform sizes (typically from about 1μm to 1mm) to match a specific application; to put it simply, they’re made a certain size to trap particles of a particular (smaller) size inside them.
Although all zeolites are aluminosilicates, some contain more alumina, while others contain more silica. Alumina-rich zeolites are brought in to polar particles such as water, while silica-rich zeolites work much better with nonpolar molecules.
What are zeolite drivers?
Zeolites are used as drivers in drug (pharmaceutical) production and in the petrochemical market, where they’re utilized in catalytic crackers to break large hydrocarbon molecules into gas, diesel, kerosene, waxes and all sort of other by-products of petroleum. Again, it’s the porous structure of zeolites that proves essential. The many pores in a zeolite’s open structure are like countless tiny test tubes where atoms and molecules end up being trapped and chain reactions readily take place. Given that the pores in a specific zeolite are of a repaired size and shape, zeolite catalysts can work selectively on particular particles, which is why they’re sometimes referred to as shape-selective drivers (they can pick the molecules they deal with in other methods beside shape and size, however). Like all catalysts, zeolites are multiple-use over and over again. 
When heated up, the mineral zeolite produces big amounts of steam soaked up from the water around it. It was for that reason called after the greek word “zeo” suggesting to boil. While zeolite can be discovered naturally, most business uses require synthetic production. Zeolites are frequently used as adsorbents in the nuclear, agricultural, heating, cooling, cleaning agent and construction industries. The mineral is even used for detox and kitty litter. 
Natural zeolites form where volcanic rocks and ash layers respond with alkaline groundwater. Zeolites likewise taken shape in post-depositional environments over durations ranging from thousands to countless years in shallow marine basins. Naturally taking place zeolites are generally discovered as mixtures with other minerals, metals, quartz, or other zeolites. They are for that reason left out from numerous important business applications where harmony and purity are vital.
Traditional open pit mining strategies are utilized to mine natural zeolites. The overburden is gotten rid of to permit access to the ore. The ore may be blasted or removed for processing by using tractors equipped with ripper blades and front-end loaders. In processing, the ore is crushed, dried, and crushed. The grated ore may be air-classified as to particle size and delivered in bags or bulk. The crushed product may be screened to eliminate fine material when a granular product is required, and some pelletized items are produced from fine material. Producers likewise may modify the homes of the zeolite or mix their zeolite products with other products before sale to boost their efficiency.
Currently, the world’s annual production of natural zeolite has to do with 4 million lots. Of this quantity, 2.6 million heaps are delivered to chinese markets to be used in the concrete market. Eastern europe, western europe, australia, and asia are world leaders in supplying the world’s demand for natural zeolite. By comparison, just 57,400 metric tons of zeolite (just 1 percent of the world’s present production) is produced in north america. Only recently has north america realized the capacity for present and future markets.
Production of artificial zeolites
There are several kinds of artificial zeolites that form by a process of slow condensation of a silica-alumina gel in the existence of alkalis and natural templates. A crucial process for zeolite synthesis is called “sol-gel” processing. The product’s residential or commercial properties depend on such factors as composition of the reaction mixture, ph of the system, running temperature level, pre-reaction “seeding” time, response time, and the design templates utilized. In the sol-gel process, other elements (metals or metal oxides) can be easily incorporated. The silicalite sol formed by the hydrothermal approach is very stable. Also the ease of scaling up this process makes it a favorite path for zeolite synthesis.
Artificial zeolites hold a number of essential benefits over their natural analogs. For instance, the synthetics can be produced in a uniform, pure state. In addition, it is possible to manufacture preferable zeolite structures that do not appear in nature. Zeolite a is a widely known example. Given that the principal basic materials utilized to make zeolites are silica and alumina, which are amongst the most abundant mineral components on earth, the possible to supply zeolites is essentially endless. Lastly, human engineered procedures are significantly faster than natural processes. Disadvantages consist of the failure to develop crystals with measurements of an equivalent size to their natural equivalents. 
Fantastic health advantages of zeolites
1. Capture and get rid of contaminants
Zeolites’ cavities are negatively charged compounds drawing in and recording (for removal) contaminants and other harmful compounds like totally free radicals. Contaminants are found in the home products we utilize to clean, in the items we placed on our skin, in the food we eat, water we consume, and the air we breathe. The elimination of these toxic substances allows the body’s cells to stay functional and fix themselves when harmed.
2. Help eliminate heavy metals
The issue with heavy metals entering the body from environmental pollutants (including toxic substances in the food we consume) is that they collect in our body’s organs and tissue. They strain the ability of the liver to metabolize substances for use in the body and remove hazardous substances. The constituents in zeolites have a high affinity for trapping these heavy dangerous metals, producing ‘… a dramatic effect in the danger decrease of particular cancers and heart disease-the two leading causes of death in the u.s.’ rik j. Deitsch.
3. Eliminate carcinogens
Cellular attack by totally free radicals and other toxins leaves behind damaged tissue and cells. These altered cells are the start of malignant destruction. Our cells need to combat them off before they damage the mitochondrial and nucleic dna. Zeolites help in this battle.
4. Help healthy food digestion
More specifically these silicate compounds have actually been utilized to treat diarrhea. They have a high affinity for ammonium ions, suggesting the body soaks up less ammonia into the system through the digestive walls. Ammonia is toxic to the cells and zeolites decrease the damage to the digestive epithelial cells. This helps the “good nutrient’ absorption factor.
5. Assist fight cancer
Zeolites are considered 100% safe and non-toxic by the fda. This mineral is rough edged, without any favorably charged fibrous particulates. Zeolites can activate certain healthy physiological reactions without any negative results.
6. Help balance ph levels
The system that keeps balance (homeostasis) in the blood and other fluids varies. The kidneys play the main part in preserving this balance by removing hydroxide ions. The system involves buffers. “… zeolites might be expected to change the ionic content … the zeolite cage system may exchange for varying excess ions found in the zeolites immediate environment. This would have the total effect of buffering the surrounding system and managing ph to near physiological levels.” Rik j. Deitsch, scientific research essay.
7. Super antioxidant
Free radicals, or atoms and molecules with unpaired electrons, attack cell membranes and once inside attack the dna. Typically these are inspected or destroyed by antioxidants, however as we age or as antigens increase, the antioxidant network can’t maintain, and cells mutate triggering cancer and the production of tumours. Zeolites serve as part of the antioxidant network, alleviating a few of the work and breaking the oxidative damage domino effect.
8. Reinforce your cardiovascular system
” as oxygen free radicals travel through the blood, they set the stage for heart, capillary, cerebrovascular, and skeletal muscle disease by making it more difficult for cells to fix themselves … the cage structure of zeolites might help to trap free radicals, thereby inactivating them and preventing more damage to the surrounding tissue.”– ibid. Deitsch.
This procedure secures cell walls and impedes ldl platelet aggregation.
9. Enhance immune system
The lymphatic fluid (carrying protective lymphocytes) and the white blood cells (leukocytes) are an integral part of the body immune system’s vast communication process: spotting, hindering, engulfing, killing and removing pathogens, antigens, mutagens and carcinogens (including damaged cells.) Zeolites are also antiviral. Zeolites help this procedure in varied physiological ways, using significant biological systems. Zeolites eliminate damaging substances, stop destructive attacks of ros, and discover and bind pathogens in the circulatory system.
10. Secure membranes
Epithelial cells resemble skin cells in that they are the protective covering of the significant organs, blood vessels and glands. Zeolites, in conjunction with the antioxidant network, safeguard these essential membranes.
11. Sharpen mental acuity
Oxidative damage can contribute to strokes. Oxygen free radicals likewise cause iron which is predominately bound to protein. Increased and unchecked levels of iron are commensurate with alzheimer’s disease, dementia and parkinson’s illness. Zeolite is a different kind of antioxidant than vitamins a, c, e, and selenium, considered the network antioxidants. These anti-oxidants can reduce the effects of complimentary radicals by giving or taking an electron without ending up being dangerous themselves. Zeolite does not act in this manner.
12. Adaptogenic homes
Adaptogen( s) is the present buzz word in health circles. It’s a good word because it adjusts in its usage. It suggests that particles act, respond and interact with other compounds. The body’s fantastic metabolic and gastrointestinal processes need these bio-active constituents which function as enzymes, aspects, co-factors, drivers and agents. Zeolite is used by the body in a range of ways-adapting to the body’s needs. 
13. Industrial utilizes
Thanks to its distinct physical homes, zeolite has discovered uses in:.
- Farming: gets rid of odors and helps handle wastewater
- Agriculture: controls moisture and offers minerals
- Public health and ecology: cleanses water and assists remove hazardous waste
- Home: in deodorizing representatives, cleaning items, and individual care
- Chemistry: speeds up chain reactions
14. Conventional & & medical usages
Conventional medication recognizes clay eating (geophagia) as a natural detox technique. Zeolite has comparable residential or commercial properties and traditional uses.
In contemporary medication, doctors and researchers utilize zeolite for:.
- Separation and detection of biomarkers
- Controlled drug shipment
- Imaging approaches such as nmr (nuclear magnetic resonance)
- Skin and bone tissue engineering
- Wound treatment and bleeding control
15. Detox residential or commercial properties
Zeolite can bind and eliminate a vast array of toxic substances from the body, drinking water, and waste products. Its small cages and surface area charge trap heavy metals, natural and chemical toxins, radioactive components, microbes, metabolic products, and more.
Thanks to these potent detox homes, zeolite can:.
- Reverse oxidative damage
- Keep a healthy microbiome
- Kill germs and infections
- Increase the levels of minerals and trace elements
- Repair skin sores and stop bleeding
- For these reasons, it’s often used to detox heavy metals and other toxic substances from the body.
Zeolite does it all in the gut without being soaked up, that makes it safe for human use with a few notable exceptions (see “adverse effects & & interactions” below).
Zeolite has a track record as a detox assistant due to the fact that its unique surface area structure binds to numerous possibly dangerous toxic substances.
More advantages of zeolite
Initial research study on zeolite showed excellent outcomes, however solid clinical proof for many conditions is still lacking. The following research studies must motivate more investigation prior to we make any guaranteed conclusions. Remember to speak with a doctor prior to taking zeolite supplements. They can not change medical treatment for any health condition.
Note: clinoptilolite is the most typical kind of zeolite for medical usages. All prospective advantages refer to clinoptilolite unless mentioned otherwise.
Unrestrained bleeding is the second leading cause of death in severe injuries and mishaps.
The us military usages zeolite-based product (quickclot) to stop serious bleeding on the battleground. Backed up by strong clinical proof and real-life efficiency, this product has also discovered application in civil medication.
Animal studies have verified its efficacy, too.
A mix including zeolite and clay (coolclot) considerably reduced bleeding time in pets with a lethal injury. In human blood samples, it boosted clotting by 40%.
Clinoptilolite stopped uncontrolled bleeding in almost 70% of treated rats and increased their possibility of survival by 60%.
Zeolite is thought about an efficient thickening aide to stop extreme bleeding on the battleground. Quick topical application can conserve lives.
Perhaps reliable for
In a medical trial on 33 volunteers, zeolite improved the removal of aluminum, arsenic, lead, mercury, and other heavy metals. Individuals who took liquid zeolite (30 drops a day) had significantly higher levels of these metals in their urine samples. Lab analysis confirmed that zeolite wasn’t contaminated, attributing the results to heavy metal detox.
In studies on mice, zeolite allowed lead removal and secured the brain from oxidative damage brought on by this heavy metal. It lowered the levels of lead in organs by up to 91%.
In rats, clinoptilolite stimulated aluminum detox and stopped it from reaching the blood.
Cadmium is another heavy metal that can trigger anemia and hinder various organs. In cadmium-poisoned pigs, zeolite prevented anemia and secured the liver. Nevertheless, it didn’t affect the cadmium concentration in the kidneys.
Cell research studies have confirmed the capability of zeolite to bind and get rid of heavy metals such as lead, arsenic, and mercury.
Mental retardation & & mood Brain cells are particularly conscious heavy metal poisoning. Heavy metals can harm neurons and trigger anxiety, depression, anger, and attention issues.
The ability of zeolite to detox lead, mercury, aluminum, and other heavy metals makes it an appealing complementary technique to the above-mentioned mood conditions. Nevertheless, no studies have investigated the impact of zeolite on state of mind yet.
In 12 healthy drinkers, clinoptilolite (5 g) decreased blood levels of alcohol by up to 43%. It obstructed alcohol absorption when integrated with a beverage.
In another scientific trial, 25 volunteers took zeolite (2.25 g– 4.5 g) the morning after the “night out.” It was far too late for alcohol detox, however their hangover signs enhanced by 40-50%.
Aflatoxins might pollute foods and threaten human health, particularly the liver.
Clinoptilolite had the ability to detox chickens from aflatoxin and secure their liver, bile duct, and kidneys. Body immune system organs such as the thymus likewise suffered less damage.
Offered to cows, zeolite decreased levels of aflatoxin in their milk, which is a significant source of human poisoning. In test tubes, zeolite might eliminate aflatoxin from water (60%) and animal feed (80%).
Zeolite safeguarded chickens versus another vicious fungal toxic substance, ochratoxin a. The animals consumed more, gained weight, and recuperated quicker.
Zeolite porous structure is an ideal trap for large radioactive components. In rats and sheep, clinoptilolite blocked the absorption of radioactive cesium and reduced its concentration in animals’ organs.
Clinoptilolite can bind radioactive atoms in hazardous waste and aid fix this burning ecology concern.
Nitrates are toxic substances that can contaminate drinking water and interrupt the health of human beings and animals. In cows, zeolite reversed the metabolic damage brought on by nitrates.
In addition, clinoptilolite detoxed rats from organophosphates (nerve poisons). The truth that some pesticides belong to this group reveals the value of zeolite detox homes.
Zeolite can bind to various dangerous toxins and poisons and prevent them from being absorbed and doing damage in the human body.
3) gut health
” leaky gut” means that contaminants, microbes, and inflammatory particles can leak from the gut into the blood stream. This might cause tiredness, autoimmune diseases, depression, and more.
In a medical trial of 52 endurance athletes, zeolite (1.85 g daily for 12 weeks) tightened the digestive wall and avoided leaking. It also had a moderate anti-inflammatory result on the gut.
In mice with ulcerative colitis, a kind of ibd, clinoptilolite had the ability to repair gut damage. It showed similarly efficient as a standard ibd drug (5-aminosalicylic acid). Tests verified that mice didn’t take in zeolite particles into the blood stream.
Zeolite revealed comparable action in a research study on pigs with gut swelling.
The accumulation of urea, ammonia, and gases in the gut may lead to ulcerative colitis, ibs, and even colon cancer. High levels of urea in the blood (uremia) can be dangerous. Zeolite binds both urea and ammonia, possibly offering defense against these gut contaminants.
According to limited scientific proof, zeolite may be helpful in cases of “dripping gut.”
4) gut microbiome
The favorable impact of zeolite on gut germs adds to the above benefits but likewise assists alleviate diarrhea and enhances overall health.
Cuban physicians have actually established a drug for diarrhea (enterex) made from clinoptilolite. They proved its security and efficacy in 4 medical trials and additional cell experiments. The capability of clinoptilolite to restore healthy gut flora played an essential role in this result.
When added to chicken feed, zeolite cut the number of hazardous germs in their gut without interrupting the excellent germs. Chicken contaminated with salmonella, a significant cause of food poisonings, recuperated faster and suffered less oxidative damage.
Another natural zeolite, chabazite, revealed comparable action in dogs. It even raised the number of probiotic lactobacillus and bifidobacterium stress while battling intestinal tract pathogens.
In cell studies, zeolite hindered the growth of 2 viral strains (coxsackievirus and echovirus) that invade us through the gut.
Zeolite may promote the growth of advantageous gut germs and prevent the growth of pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
5) oxidative damage
Smoking toxins the whole body and increases the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Oxidative tension plays an essential function in the negative results of smoking cigarettes.
In a scientific trial on 85 smokers, clinoptilolite (5.4 g daily for 1 month) potently improved antioxidant defense, similar to vitamin e.
Other types of natural zeolite revealed similar impacts in 25 people: they enhanced glutathione levels and secured lipids from oxidative damage.
In chickens and diabetic rats, zeolite:
- Boosted antioxidant enzymes (glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase-sod)
- Increased total antioxidant capability
- Protected the organs from injury
- Zeolite’s capability to bind to contaminants may give a role in combating oxidative stress.
6) may eliminate heartburn and stomach ulcers
In gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), acid reflux harms the esophagus, triggering heartburn and other unpleasant symptoms.
In a medical trial on 25 people with gerd, clinoptilolite (1.5 g daily for 2 weeks) relieved heartburn, discomfort, and discomfort by 45-55%.
The exact same procedure protected another 23 patients from stomach ulcers brought on by a common nsaid drug, naproxen.
Inadequate proof for
The following supposed advantages are just supported by limited, low-quality scientific research studies. There is insufficient evidence to support making use of zeolite for any of the below-listed usages. Remember to speak to a physician prior to using zeolite, and never use it in place of something your doctor recommends or prescribes.
7) wound healing
In a russian scientific trial, zeolite enhanced the cleaning and recovery of burn injuries and improved overall grievances. Important note: patients consumed zeolite and didn’t apply it on the wounds. This study doesn’t expose important details such as dosage and sample size.
Zeolite loaded with nitric oxide (no) improved injury healing in rats. It eliminated bacteria and fungis while safeguarding skin cells.
Patches with faujasite (natural zeolite) and copper revealed comparable impacts. They also boosted oxygen supply and skin regeneration.
Another exceptional mix for injury recovery might be zeolite + silver. Patches with silver-zeolite can prevent the growth of harmful microbes, such as:
- Aeruginosa, which can trigger hospital-acquired infections
- Coli, understood for triggering ulcers and contaminating injuries
- Aureus and mrsa, hard-to-treat stress of bacteria
- Candida albicans
Because of its blood clotting and anti-bacterial activity, some scientists have been investigating whether zeolite can assist with injury healing.
8) cholesterol and blood lipids
In a medical trial on 41 patients, micronized (fine-ground) zeolite reduced blood levels of the “bad” cholesterol (ldl) and blood lipids, while raising the “excellent” cholesterol (hdl). After 8 weeks (6-9 g day-to-day), these worths improved by 20-25%.
The absence of a control group in this study prevents us from drawing reliable conclusions.
9) oral hygiene
In 11 volunteers, a mouth rinse with silver-zeolite (zeolite loaded with silver ions) greatly decreased oral plaque development.
In a cell research study, silver-zeolite cut candida fungus growth and acid production, 2 major causes of oral plaque and oral infections.
Additionally, zeolite can get rid of unstable odors and thus combat foul breath.
10) liver defense
The antioxidant power of zeolite may be vital for liver defense.
In rats with partly eliminated liver, clinoptilolite offered antioxidant assistance by increasing glutathione and protective enzymes. As a result, blood markers of oxidative damage dropped.
In a cell research study, clinoptilolite reversed the liver-damaging results of adriamycin, an anticancer drug. It suppressed inflammatory proteins (nf-κb, tnf-alpha, and il-1b) and avoided cell death.
As described above (see “detox”), zeolite also safeguards against liver-damaging aflatoxins.
Zeolite’s antioxidant activity and ability to bind contaminants may provide it a function in liver health. 
- Fibrosis (boost in fibrous tissue)
- Pneumoconiosis (respiratory disease)
- Mesothelioma (direct exposure to erionite, a kind of air-borne fibrous zeolite, is associated with high incidence of mesothelioma cancer) 
The dosing description
As far as i can inform there are two primary factors that a higher dose of zeolite is safer and more efficient than a lower dose.
Reason one- level of affinity. Zeolite has a strong unfavorable charge and therefore is drawn in to favorably charged particles. Since a lot of toxic substances, such as heavy metals, radiation, and pesticides, are favorably charged, zeolite is pulled to the contaminants, like a magnet, and sucks them up into its structure. This makes zeolite an effective detox approach for a variety of poisonous components. However the secret here is that zeolite is more attracted to particular toxic components than others. For instance, zeolite has a higher affinity for lead than for mercury. So let’s say the zeolite enters your blood stream and binds to mercury. Then it continues through the blood stream and finds some lead. The zeolite will drop the mercury and bind to the lead because it is more brought in to the lead. If a high dosage of zeolite was consumed then there is most likely adequate extra zeolite in the blood to get the dropped mercury. If a low dosage was taken the mercury may be redistrubed and lead to a detox reaction. Keep in mind- this is one factor that staying on zeolite for an extended period of time may be important. It may take months prior to the zeolite truly starts efficiently detoxing mercury depending on the number of other toxic substances are in your body that are the concern for zeolite.
Reason two- zeolite in the gut. Particle size is crucial. Many zeolite products boast a small particle size but lack the capability to capture contaminants in the gut. Instead of offering one particle size, our zeolite range from 0 to 40 microns with 80% of the micron particles being less than 10 microns and the other 20% being from 10-40 microns. This variety in microns insures a more total full-body detox. Smaller zeolite particles are carried into the bloodstream for cellular detox, while the bigger particles remain in the digestive system to serve as a binder. This offers a more balanced detox and lowers die off reactions common with many zeolite supplements. So the higher the dose of zeolite, the more big zeolite particles are left in the gut to act as a binder. 
As zeolite travels through the body it might cause dehydration so it is important to consume extra water and keep the body correctly hydrated. Only zeolites in their purest form must be taken. Naturally mined zeolite contains numerous harmful minerals and it is essential to study the cleaning procedure and what substances have actually been contributed to the final product prior to buying. It’s always much better to choose an item that has actually been analyzed by a 3rd party lab. 
- Wash face, hands and any exposed skin completely after dealing with
- Use protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection
- Prevent breathing dust/fume/gas/ mist/vapors/spray
- Use just outdoors or in a well-ventilated location