Other Name(s):

Arctic Root, Extrait de Rhodiole, Golden Root, Hongjingtian, King’s Crown, Lignum Rhodium, Orpin Rose, Racine d’Or, Racine Dorée, Racine de Rhadiola, Rhodiola rosea, Rhodiole, Rhodiole Rougeâtre, Rodia Riza, Rose Root, Rose Root Extract, Rosenroot, Roseroot, Rosewort, Sedum rhodiola, Sedum rosea, Siberian Golden Root, Siberian Rhodiola Rosea, Snowdown Rose.


Rhodiola is a plant. The root is used as medication.

Rhodiola is used for numerous conditions, however so far, there isn’t enough clinical proof to determine whether or not it is effective for any of them.

Rhodiola is used for increasing energy, stamina, strength and mental capacity; and as a so-called “adaptogen” to help the body adjust to and withstand physical, chemical, and environmental tension. It is likewise used for improving athletic performance, shortening healing time after long exercises, enhancing sexual function; for depression; and for heart disorders such as irregular heart beat and high cholesterol.

Some people use rhodiola for treating cancer, tuberculosis, and diabetes; avoiding cold and influenza, aging, and liver damage; improving hearing; enhancing the nerve system; and boosting immunity.

Rhodiola is belonging to the arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and Alaska. It has a long history of use as a medicinal plant in Iceland, Sweden, France, Russia, and Greece. It is pointed out by the Greek physician Dioscorides as early as the very first century AD.

Some people use the term “arctic root” as the basic name for this product; however, arctic root is actually a trademarked name for a particular commercial extract. [1]

The History of Rhodiola Rosea

Have you ever became aware of rhodiola rosea? Likewise known as the “golden root,” rhodiola rosea is a root that grows in the more frigid climates of northern Asia, East Europe, and the Arctic. The Vikings and Sherpa people of ancient times turned to rhodiola to boost their strength. Over the past 70 years, rhodiola has actually been a preferred natural health supplement in Russia. However, lots of people in the United States are uninformed that this root even exists. Today, we wish to dive deeper into the history of rhodiola rosea:

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek physician Dioscorides is believed to have actually explore the medicinal usages for rhodiola rosea in 77 ADVERTISEMENT, which he called rodia riza. His writings are located in his text, De Materia Medica. Rhodiola rosea grows in frigid climates, so you might be wondering how it ended up in Greece. During the Bronze Age in Greece (13th century BCE), the Greeks crossed the Aegean Sea for trading expeditions. They made their way to the land of Colchis, which is now the Republic of Georgia, which had the ideal climate for growing the herb.

Vikings And Rhodiola Rosea

The Vikings consumed rhodiola rosea in the hopes of increasing their endurance and strength. They needed to keep their energy levels high so they could pillage and raid to their finest capabilities.

Ancient China

In ancient China, emperors sent their constituents on expeditions to Siberia searching for “the golden root.” Individuals brewed a tea from this herb in order to treat colds and the influenza.

Siberian Usage

In Siberia, many people think that drinking rhodiola rosea tea will help people live long lives. Traditionally, newlyweds are given the herb in hopes that it will increase their fertility levels as well as encourage the birth of healthy infants. In fact, some Siberian families kept the place of their rhodiola rosea crops a trick. Never ever revealing the tricks to collecting a good crop, they would trade the herb for honey, white wine, and fruit.

The Name

The name “rhodiola rosea” was coined by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1725. Linnaeus would prescribe this herb as a remedy for conditions such as headaches, hysteria, and even hernias.

The Household

Rhodiola rosea belongs of the sedum family (Crassulaceae), and is grown in cooler areas in Europe, Asia, and North America. This plant can be discovered in the mountains of eastern Europe, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, and Bulgaria. In fact, this herb even grows in the mountains of western China and Tibet. In North America, rhodiola rosea can grow in Alaska in addition to in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado, Utah, and Nevada. Believe it or not, this herb is even known to grow in Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, and Maine. [2]

How It Works

Rhodiola consists of a number of potentially active substances, including phenylpropanoids (rosavin, rosin, rosarin),; phenylethanol derivatives (salidroside [likewise known as rhodioloside], tyrosol); flavonoids (rodiolin, rodionin, rodiosin, acetylrodalgin, tricin); monoterpenes (rosiridol, rosaridin); triterpenes (daucosterol, beta-sitosterol); and phenolic acids (chlorogenic, hydroxycinnamic, and gallic acids). The presence of rosavin distinguishes the types R. rosea from other rhodiolas, and numerous items are standardized to rosavin content to make sure that they contain the correct types.

There are numerous animal and test tube research studies showing that rhodiola has both a stimulating and a sedating effect on the central nervous system (depending on consumption quantity); enhances physical endurance; improves thyroid, thymus, and adrenal function; safeguards the nervous system, heart, and liver; and has antioxidant and anticancer homes. [3]


3 cinnamyl alcohol vicianosides (rosavin, rosin, rosarin) are specific to R. rosea. These substances, in addition to rosiridin and salidroside, are the 5 marker substances that must be present to reliably determine R. rosea. R. rosea extract used in many scientific trials was standardized to a minimum of rosavins 3% and salidroside 0.8% to 1%, the naturally happening ratio in the plant. The phenylethanol derivatives salidroside (rhodioloside) and tyrosol have been found in the underground part of the plants. Flavonoids in R. rosea include rhodiolin, rodinin, rodiosin, acetylrodalgin, and tricin, along with other catechins and proanthocyanidins. Monoterpenes include rosiridol and rosaridin, and triterpenes consist of daucosterol and beta-sitosterol. Terpenes and unpredictable substances have been isolated from R. rosea and consist of the necessary oil parts of monoterpene hydrocarbons, monoterpene alcohols and straight-chain aliphatic alcohols, N-decanol, geraniol (responsible for the rose-like odor), linalool, nonanal, decanal, nerol, and cinnamyl alcohol. Phenolic acids, consisting of chlorogenic, hydroxycinnamic, and gallic acids, are also present.

Adaptogenic results

Plant adaptogens, such as those from R. rosea, enhanced psychological and physical efficiency through stimulatory effects on various physiological systems. R. rosea’s usage in traditional Ayurvedic medication for adaptogenic residential or commercial properties has actually been taken a look at.

Animal information

rosea increased the survival of freshwater snail eggs against caused stressors, consisting of heat shock and oxidative and heavy metal stress.14 When administered to rats, injections of the plant extract avoided stress-induced elevations of beta-endorphins, adrenocorticotropic hormone, cortisol, insulin, thyroxin, and triiodothyronine. R. rosea given to rats increased swimming time up to 159%, with improvement continuing throughout the supplementation period.

Medical data

Scientific trials examining R. rosea for psychological and physical tiredness have reported conflicting results. Positive findings were reported in a scientific trial carried out among 56 physicians experiencing tiredness during night task and amongst students during stressful examination periods. Improved sleep patterns and general quality of sleep have actually been described with the use of R. rosea. A small (N = 15), randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover research study assessed the effects of a single dose of 3 mg/kg administered 1 hour prior to a workout bicycle session that started with a 10-minute warm-up followed by a 6-mile time trial. Results were lower with R. rosea compared to placebo for the time required to finish 6 miles, heart rate throughout the warm-up period however not the time trial, and clients’ score of exertion level. An organized review evaluating the effectiveness of R. rosea for physical and mental tiredness reported clashing medical trial results for both conditions. Meta-analysis might not be conducted because the studies used various instruments to determine fatigue. In addition, research studies had either a high danger of bias or reporting defects that might have jeopardized their credibility. A placebo-controlled medical trial evaluated the effect of R. rosea on tiredness for 42 days in 48 nursing students doing shift work. In this research study, both a visual analog scale for tiredness and the RAND-36 Vigor subscale indicated that R. rosea increased tiredness.

Other trials examining the impact of R. rosea on physical efficiency suggested a favorable impact; however, newest trials have actually reported no effect on time to fatigue, cardiovascular outcomes, tissue hypoxia, exercise-induced muscle damage, postponed beginning of muscle soreness, plasma cytokines, or rate of adenosine triphosphate turnover for R. rosea extracts. [4]

Advantages of rhodiola

1. It can help reduce tension

“adaptogens like rhodiola rosea increase the body’s versatility and resilience to tension, empowering us to better handle and react to times of raised tension,” lucking explains. “rhodiola promotes tension decrease by modulating and adjusting how our nervous systems responds to intense stress.”

2. It can enhance physical endurance

Rose mentions a study that reveals rhodiola may enhance workout performance. “it does this by lowering the perception of effort,” she states. “basically, rhodiola might decrease your heart response during exercise.” lucking includes that taking rhodiola before you exercise may assist you to increase speed and oxygen capacity.

3. It can also assist your cognitive efficiency

“clinical research studies have discovered that rhodiola aided with psychological tiredness and complex cognitive and perceptive functions,” lucking says. “this includes elements like short-term memory, estimation, concentration, associative thinking, and audio-visual understanding.”

4. It can lower depression

Rhodiola has been studied for its antidepressant properties and is believed to work because of its capability to support healthy neurotransmitter function. “rhodiola might hinder an enzyme called monoamine oxidase (mao),” lucking states. “mao is involved in the oxidative breakdown of neurotransmitters including serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. The substances in rhodiola likewise act as anti-oxidants, securing specific neurotransmitters and enhancing their function.”

5. It helps reduce tiredness

“fatigue is diverse. It can express itself physically and mentally,” rose says. “rhodiola might help to improve how the body responds to tension on a psychological level. It does this by lowering tiredness and stabilizes tension hormonal agents in the body.”

6. It may have a positive effect on blood sugar stability and metabolic dysfunction

Lucking states the salidroside in rhodiola serve as a natural anti-oxidant in our body and may protect our pancreatic beta cells from oxidation. “when examined in a study, the results showed that this anti-inflammatory compound enhanced blood sugar levels and relieved oxidative tension,” she explains. “rhodiola may likewise balance blood glucose by increasing the variety of glucose receptors on our cells. This helps clear our blood of glucose rapidly and prevent the effects of chronic high blood sugar level and insulin release. The systems can assist to regulate various synergistic pathways that manage oxidative stress, swelling, mitochondria, autophagy, and cell death, along with amp-activated protein kinase (ampk) signaling that is connected with possible useful effects on metabolic disorders.”

7. It may support immune function

“animal research studies demonstrate that rhodiola may enhance immune function,” rose states. “it does this by improving leukocyte count. Leukocyte secure the body versus germs, infections, and other foreign invaders. Nevertheless, up until animal research study is translated into human studies, whether rhodiola can truly enhance the human body immune system remains unclear.”

8. It may avoid cancer

There is some promising proof that rhodiola has cancer avoidance benefits. “the molecular systems of rhodiola rosea extracts’ action have actually been studied in addition to among its bioactive substances, salidroside, for anti-cancer properties,” lucking says. “rhodiola rosea extracts and salidroside alone have both demonstrated possible anti-cancer systems, particularly in colon, breast, bladder, and liver cancer.” [5]

Rhodiola For What Ails You?

What can you tell me about rhodiola? I have actually heard it’s expected to prevent fatigue and alleviate anxiety. Do you think it is worthwhile? If so, how much should one take?

Rhodiola (Rhodiola Rosea), sometimes called Arctic root or golden root, is thought about an adaptogenic herb, meaning that it acts in non-specific methods to increase resistance to stress, without disturbing normal biological functions. The herb Rhodiola rosea grows at high altitudes in the arctic locations of Europe and Asia, and its root has actually been used in traditional medication in Russia and the Scandinavian countries for centuries. Studies of Rhodiola rosea’s medical applications have appeared in the clinical literature of Sweden, Norway, France, Germany, the Soviet Union and Iceland. Rhodiola rosea is still commonly utilized in Russia as a tonic and remedy for tiredness, bad attention period, and decreased memory; it is also believed to make employees more efficient. In Sweden and other Scandinavian nations it is used to increase the capability for psychological work and to improve general strength and vitality.

When it comes to rhodiola extract advantages, a 2002 evaluation in HerbalGram, the journal of the American Botanical Council, reported that numerous research studies of rhodiola in both humans and animals have suggested that it assists prevent fatigue, stress, and the harmful effects of oxygen deprivation. Evidence also suggests that it functions as an antioxidant, enhances immune system function, and can increase sexual energy. Rhodiola’s efficacy was confirmed in a 2011 review of 11 placebo-controlled human studies. The customers considered studies that all had actually study styles rated as moderate to good quality, and the analysis of their combined data concluded that Rhodiola rosea might have useful effects on physical efficiency, mental efficiency, and certain mental health conditions. The customers kept in mind that extremely couple of negative occasions are reported, recommending an excellent security profile. [6]

What we do not learn about Rhodiola extract

While some studies claim to have actually assessed making use of Rhodiola in cancer treatment, many have examined the effect on animals or under laboratory conditions only– never ever in humans. Performing an appropriate research study in people with cancer can be problematic for scientific and ethical factors. So, while there’s currently no strong evidence for using Rhodiola as a treatment for cancer in humans, future research study might reveal extra health benefits.

Is Rhodiola rosea an adaptogen?

Rhodiola rosea is thought about to be an adaptogen, meaning it may assist your body handle psychological and physical stress factors. Conventional Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine consider adaptogens to be compounds that satisfy an individual’s particular needs, whatever they may be (Khanum, 2006).

Regrettably, sound scientific approaches have yet to confirm this magnificent quality in any substance. But as the health care and health industry continues to broaden, more interest is being directed towards determining what advantages– if any– these compounds can give the table (Smith, 2018).

And while adaptogens may not have any scientific proof (yet), that hasn’t stopped researchers from working hard to see what advantages they might offer. Medical trials have actually been developed to assess a number of these herbs’ supposed capabilities, including relieving stress, enhancing focus, combating cancer, and beating nerve system decline. [7]

Dose and Preparations

The advised adult dosage for capsule kind of rhodiola rosea is 100 to 300 mg daily. There is inadequate scientific proof to advise making use of rhodiola rosea in kids.

You need to check out the item label about the correct dose and speak with a doctor to get personalized recommendations.

What to Try to find

Rhodiola rosea is normally taken in pill kind, however it is likewise offered in other kinds such as extracts and teas.

If you pick to purchase a rhodiola supplement (or any supplement), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends that you look for a Supplement Information label on the product that you buy.

This label will include crucial info consisting of the quantity of active components per serving, and other added components like fillers, binders, and flavorings.

Finally, the company suggests that you try to find an item which contains a seal of approval from a third party company that supplies quality testing. These companies consist of U.S. Pharmacopeia, ConsumerLab.com, and NSF International. A seal of approval from one of these companies does not guarantee the item’s safety or effectiveness however it does provide guarantee that the item was effectively manufactured, includes the active ingredients listed on the label, and does not contain damaging levels of impurities. [8]

Risks and side effects

Though its therapeutic effects have yet to be proven, the studies on Rhodiola rosea all appear to concur that any adverse effects are mild.

Side effects have consisted of:

  • lightheadedness
  • dry mouth
  • sleep issues
  • jitteriness

Jitteriness is a specific problem among those susceptible to anxiety who take greater doses of the supplement.

As it has a moderate stimulant-type effect, Rhodiola rosea is not recommended for people who have bipolar affective disorder or who are taking other stimulants.

One articleTrusted Source suggests that people can take the herb on an empty stomach 30 minutes before breakfast and lunch. Avoiding it in the evening may help in reducing sleep issues in the evening. [9]

How to Take

Supplementation of rhodiola rosea tends to describe either the SHR-5 extract in particular or a comparable extract, any that gives both 3% rosavins and 1% salidroside.

Usage of rhodiola as a daily preventative against tiredness has actually been reported to be effective in dosages as low as 50mg.

Severe use of rhodiola for fatigue and anti-stress has been kept in mind to be taken in the 288-680mg variety.

As rhodiola has been revealed to have a bell-curve action prior to, it is recommended to not go beyond the abovementioned 680mg dose as higher dosages might be ineffective. [10]

Security of rhodiola

Present research findings suggests that rhodiola is safe and well endured. Current clinical research studies associate few severe side effects to rhodiola.

Nevertheless, since mid-2021, the Fda (FDA) had provided 6 letters of cautioning to makers of rhodiola supplements (32Trusted Source). Problems addressed in the warnings consisted of:

  • pureness
  • branding
  • making baseless health claims
  • not being authorized as new drugs

The FDA manages dietary supplements as foods, not drugs. It does not allow any supplement to claim to treat, treat, or prevent a disease.

All supplements, including rhodiola, may have unfavorable adverse effects. This is particularly true if the rhodiola is impure or integrated with other herbs. Rhodiola may also engage with other medications you may take or exacerbate another medical condition. Also, its effects haven’t been evaluated in children, pregnant people, or other susceptible groups.

Quality problems can develop when purchasing herbal supplements. If you purchase supplements, especially online, evaluate the source thoroughly. Also, check with a medical professional to be sure the supplement is safe for your specific health condition.


Look for third-party accreditations to ensure your rhodiola supplement has actually not been adulterated with cheaper, less effective active ingredients. Some research studies recommend that a dose of 200– 600 mg per day might work and safe for some usages. Rhodiola, like all dietary supplements, is not FDA approved as treatment for any condition. [11]

Unique Precautions and Cautions

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn’t sufficient reliable information to understand if rhodiola is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Remain on the safe side and prevent usage.

Autoimmune illness: Rhodiola might promote the immune system. This may get worse autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and others. [12]


Rhodiola rosea is commonly thought about safe with very little negative effects. It has a huge range of documented health gain from supporting moods to increasing energy levels. Its usages in traditional medicine provide a peek into its prospective recovery abilities.

It’s a good idea to speak to a medical professional, find an herbalist, or read up on adaptogens that you believe may work for you. [13]


  1. https://www.rxlist.com/rhodiola/supplements.htm
  2. https://www.ameriden.com/blog/the-history-of-rhodiola-rosea/
  3. https://wa.kaiserpermanente.org/kbase/topic.jhtml?docId=hn-3956007
  4. https://www.drugs.com/npp/rhodiola-rosea.html
  5. https://thethirty.whowhatwear.com/health-benefits-of-rhodiola/slide14
  6. https://www.drweil.com/vitamins-supplements-herbs/supplements-remedies/rhodiola-for-what-ails-you/
  7. https://ro.co/health-guide/rhodiola-rosea-benefits/
  8. https://www.verywellmind.com/how-is-rhodiola-rosea-used-to-treat-anxiety-3024972
  9. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319619#risks-and-side-effects
  10. https://examine.com/supplements/rhodiola-rosea/#how-to-take
  11. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/rhodiola-rosea
  12. https://www.eatthis.com/rhodiola-benefits/
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