Maitake mushroom

Other name( s):

Champignon dansant, champignon des fous dansants, champignon maitake, dancing mushroom, grifola, grifola frondosa, hen of the woods, hongo maitake, king of mushrooms, maitake, monkey’s bench, mushroom, return of investment des champignons, rack fungis.

Introduction

Maitake mushroom is a fungus that has actually been consumed as food in asia for countless years. People also use it to make medication.

Maitake mushroom is used to treat cancer and likewise to ease a few of the side effects of chemical treatment (chemotherapy) for cancer. It is likewise utilized for hiv/aids, chronic fatigue syndrome (cfs), liver disease, hay fever, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, weight loss or control, and infertility due to a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome.

If you choose to gather maitake mushrooms, make certain you can tell them apart from dangerous mushrooms. This task is most likely best delegated specialists.

How does it work?

Maitake mushroom includes chemicals which may help battle tumors and promote the immune system. There is some proof that it can reduce blood pressure, enhance cholesterol levels, lower blood glucose levels, and reduce weight in rats, but this has actually not been revealed for human beings yet. (1 ).

What health benefits are tied to maitake mushroom?

Compared to other mushrooms, maitake has shown better lead to avoiding and dealing with cancer and other health conditions. Maitake also has a positive impact on general immunity.

Maitake mushrooms are rich in:.

The mushrooms are likewise:.

  • Fat-free
  • Low-sodium
  • Low-calorie
  • Cholesterol-free

Researchers are currently studying the distinct method the mushroom supports general health and fights health problem.

What the research says

Lab research suggests that maitake may work in dealing with specific health problems. More research studies are needed to verify its effect on humans, however the existing findings are appealing.

Cancer

A 2013 research study indicates that maitake d-fraction could be beneficial in avoiding and dealing with breast cancer. Scientists recommend that this mushroom can fight the development and reproduction of cancerous cells.

Maitake mushroom has actually been revealed to suppress tumor development in mice. It can also increase the number of cells battling against the growth. This recommends that it could likewise be effective in handling cancer in humans when taken orally.

An earlier study found maitake d-fraction, which is an extract, to be effective in killing human cancer cells. It was taken along with a protein that likewise fights cancer and prospered in increasing the protein’s efficiency.

Cholesterol

Researchers in a 2013 research study found that maitake powdered extract decreased cholesterol levels in mice. It was likewise shown to increase fats that supply energy. Because of this, researchers theorized that eating maitake mushroom may assist keep arteries healthy.

Type 2 diabetes

The results of a 2015 research study revealed that maitake mushroom can have a positive effect on rats with type 2 diabetes. Throughout the study, maitake mushroom usage had a favorable effect on glucose levels of rats. This points to the mushroom’s capacity to deal with type 2 diabetes in people.

Maitake mushroom might likewise be useful in dealing with:

  • Cold and flu infections
  • High or low high blood pressure
  • Immune function
  • Adverse effects of chemotherapy (2 )

Botany

The maitake mushroom is found in northeastern japan however likewise grows and is cultivated in the united states and europe. It is a basidiomycetes fungus in the polyporaceae family (synonym, polyporus frondosus dicks. Ex fries). The maitake mushroom grows in clusters near the foot of oak trees and can reach 50 cm in base size. One lot can weigh as much as 45 kg (100 pounds). Maitake has a rippling, flowery appearance resembling dancing butterflies, for this reason one of its typical names, dancing mushroom.

Chemistry

The polysaccharide beta-glucan is present in low quantities (0% to 0.2%) 2 in the majority of the mushrooms in the polyporaceae household (eg, reishi mushroom) and possesses antitumor activity. The d fraction of beta-glucan appears to be the most active and powerful kind of the polysaccharide, a protein-bound extract established in japan. An md-fraction has now been described, as well, with purportedly exceptional activity. Both structure-functional relationship and fractionation by anion exchange chromatography of beta-glucan8 have been reported.

Neutral, acidic, and water-soluble polysaccharides have been drawn out from maitake, and their structure has actually been figured out. Two various glycan conformations have actually been acquired from the plant. The beta-1,3- glycan grifolan conformation has been clarified using magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Ascorbic acid analog and glycoside studies have actually been reported. A lectin from maitake has actually been separated and identified. In addition, a grifolisin enzyme and the enzyme phytase have been described and lysophosphatidylethanolamine has been determined in research studies analyzing apoptosis in neuronal cells.

Structural characterization of maitake extract constituents and carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of the fruit body’s constituents have actually been performed.

Dosing

Disease-prevention doses of industrial preparations range from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of whole powder daily. A trial amongst hiv-positive clients utilized dosages of 6 g/day entire powder or 20 mg purified extract with 4 g whole maitake powder. (3 ).

Standard use (might not be supported by scientific research studies)

Historically, maitake has actually been utilized as a tonic and adaptogen (a substance that revitalizes or strengthens the system). In addition to other “medical” mushrooms, such as shiitake and reishi, maitake was used as a food to help promote health and vitality.

Parts used & & where grown

Maitake is a large mushroom, which grows deep in the mountains of northeastern japan, in addition to in north america and europe. Famous for its taste and health benefits, maitake is likewise referred to as the “dancing mushroom.” 1 legend holds that those who discovered the rare mushroom started dancing with joy. Others attribute its name to the way the fruit bodies of the mushroom overlap each other, giving the appearance of dancing butterflies.

Maitake is exceptionally sensitive to ecological modifications, which have actually provided numerous obstacles to those cultivating this mushroom. However, japanese farmers have prospered in producing high-quality natural maitake mushrooms, enabling larger availability both in japan and the u.s. The fruiting body and mycelium of maitake are utilized. (4 ).

Maitake mushroom nutrition realities

One cup of diced raw maitake mushrooms (70g) includes 22 calories, 0.1 g of fat, 4.9 g of carbohydrates, and 1.4 g of protein. Maitake are an excellent source of vitamin d, phosphorus, and Potassium. The following nutrition info for one cup of raw, diced maitake mushrooms (70g) is supplied by the usda.

  • Calories: 22
  • Fat: 0.1 g
  • Salt: 0.7 mg
  • Carbohydrates: 4.9 g
  • Fiber: 1.9 g
  • Sugars: 1.5 g
  • Protein: 1.4 g
  • vitamin d: 20mg
  • Phosphorus: 52mg
  • Potassium: 143mg

Carbohydrates

One 70 gram serving of maitake mushrooms contains 4.9 grams of carbs. The exact same serving size of maitake mushrooms offers 1.9 g of fiber and 1.4 g of sugar.

For the serving size, this makes maitake mushrooms a high-fiber food. The fiber types offered by maitake mushrooms include β-glucans (beta-glucans), chitin, and heteropolysaccharides.

Fats

Maitake mushrooms contain little fat, with only 0.1 gram of fat per serving, none of which is saturated or transfat.

Protein

Maitake mushrooms include only 1.4 grams of protein in a 1-cup (70g) serving. Maitake mushrooms are not a total protein source, meaning they lack some of the important Amino acids.

Minerals and vitamins

Just like other mushroom varieties, maitakes consist of several minerals and vitamins. A 70-gram serving provides 20mg of vitamin d, 52mg of phosphorus, 0.5 mg of zinc, 7mg of magnesium, and 143mg of Potassium. They likewise contain several b vitamins, including 14.7 mcg of folate. Maitakes are likewise an excellent source of plant-based choline (35mg).

Calories

A one-cup (70g) serving of maitake mushrooms includes 22 calories with 74% of those calories originating from carbohydrates, 21% from protein, and 5% from fat.

Summary

Maitake mushrooms are a nutrient-dense food low in calories, carbohydrates, and fat. Maitake mushrooms are a plant-based source of vitamin d, b vitamins, choline, and zinc, which are generally discovered regularly in animal sources. They also supply other minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, and Potassium. (5 ).

Maitake green tea

Green tea is a healthy powerhouse and research study reveals it can help you live longer and healthier. There are a number of varieties of green tea and all can be utilized for this mushroom tea recipe. Japanese green teas will provide a sweeter, more vegetal flavor while chinese green teas will be more earthy and vibrant. shiitake mushrooms can be replacemented for maitake if required.

Ingredients:

  • 10 grams maitake mushrooms
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract or 1/2 a vanilla bean
  • 1 tablespoon loose leaf green tea
  • 8 ounces hot water

Instructions:

  1. Heat water in a large pot up until it reaches a boil.
  2. Add the maitake mushrooms and steep for 10 to 15 minutes.
  3. Turn heat to medium before including vanilla and green tea leaves.
  4. Steep for 5 more minutes.
  5. Strain the tea leaves and mushroom pieces utilizing a fine mesh strainer. Delight in! (6 )

Why consume maitake tea?

Believe it or not, maitake tea is made with maitake mushrooms. They grow wild in parts of japan, china, and north america and have been utilized in standard medicine for thousands of years, thanks to its result on overall health and energy levels.

Maitake mushrooms are dietary powerhouses, packed with anti-oxidants, beta glucans, vitamins b and c, Amino acids, in addition to minerals like copper, Potassium and fiber.

Why find out how to make maitake tea?

First things first: there are great deals of reasons why including maitake tea to your diet can improve your wellness. However do not forget– maitake is powerful.

Speak to your physician about whether maitake mushrooms are right for you because they can connect with other treatments. If you’re prepping for (or recuperating from) surgical treatment, it’s a great concept to offer maitake a miss for a month or two. In the meantime, take a look at these possible advantages:.

Maitake tea for the immune system

When it concerns antioxidants, maitake loads a punch. Not only that, maitake is high in beta-glucan, d-fraction, md-fraction, and sx-fraction. These are protein polysaccharides that have actually been found to have a favorable effect on the immune system. Entering influenza season and with other bugs on the radar, you might succeed to include maitake to your routine.

Keep in mind, both fresh, liquid and powdered mushrooms hold high antioxidant levels– and mushrooms have loads of other benefits, too.

Maitake tea for heart health

Another powerful polysaccharide in maitake mushrooms is beta glucan. This fungi gem can help reduce your ldl cholesterol (the “bad” one) without affecting your triglyceride (” good”) cholesterol levels.

You most likely currently understand that having high cholesterol levels isn’t excellent news. However lowering your cholesterol can boost your artery performance and lower your threat of cardiovascular disease. Much better cardiovascular health is certainly good news!

Maitake tea for blood glucose

A 2015 study discovered that maitake mushrooms had favorable impacts on rats with type 2 diabetes. Further study is needed, but it points to maitake’s potential to help with type 2 diabetes and healthy blood sugar level levels in human beings.

How to make maitake tea

If you like a simple, no difficulty method to get the benefits of maitake tea, just include a teaspoon of powdered maitake medicinal mushrooms to whatever you’re drinking. Our founder, graham, is also a fan of the yoghurt approach. We asked him to elaborate and he stated “you simply put it in your yoghurt,” which seems simple enough.

If you’re keen on something with a bit more pizazz, attempt these recipes on for size.

Organic maitake tea

Stir 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medical mushroom powder into 250ml of warm water. Sweeten to taste with honey or stevia– then take a lap around the garden. Mint, sage, and lemon all make fantastic additions to maitake tea. If you choose a creamier beverage, usage hot milk or a milk replacement of your option.

Make your maitake tea a hot chocolate

Integrate warm water with 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medical mushroom powder. Enable this mix to high for a couple of minutes. Top up with 1/4 cup of milk or milk alternative, a teaspoon raw cacao, and a teaspoon of honey.

Blitz in the blender for a foamy top. (7 ).

Do not take if

You are taking blood sugar-lowering medications: maitake might increase their effects in type-2 diabetic clients.

You are taking warfarin: according to a case report, maitake can interact with warfarin resulting in an elevated worldwide stabilized ratio (inr). (8 ).

The dangers of maitake mushroom supplements

Supplement types

An extract of the maitake mushroom called maitake d-fraction is commonly offered as a supplement in tablet, pill and liquid type. Other typically sold supplements include powdered, freeze-dried maitake mushrooms in pills. Supplements might be identified maitake, maitake d-fraction or beta glucan. Maitake mushrooms are also combined with other active ingredients in some formulas touted to improve the immune system.

Medicinal utilizes

Promoters declare that besides generally enhancing the immune system, the maitake mushroom can curb tumor development and improve the effects of chemotherapy in cancer patients. According to the american cancer society, much of the maitake’s track record as an immune system strengthener depended on folklore till current decades, when researchers began studying the mushroom. Maitake d-fraction has revealed positive effects on the body immune system in laboratory and animal studies. There have not been enough clinical studies to draw conclusions about maitake mushroom supplements’ advantages and dangers to human beings.

Threats of maitake supplements

Eaten as food in regular quantities, maitakes probably do not position a risk unless you’re allergic to them, according to the american cancer society. There’s insufficient evidence to determine any risks of taking maitake mushroom supplements in medical quantities, and the susan g. Komen foundation advises against taking maitake if you’re pregnant or breast-feeding. People with an immune condition need to also proceed carefully. A little research study of breast cancer clients reported in the “journal of cancer research study and scientific oncology” in 2009 found that liquid maitake extracts boosted some body immune system functions however depressed other immune functions. Maitake could also pose risks to people with low blood pressure, bleeding disorders or diabetes, according to the komen structure.

Interactions with drugs

Due to the fact that they may increase bleeding, be careful about taking maitake mushroom supplements if you are likewise taking blood-thinning medications such as warfarin. Komen likewise recommends against blending maitake mushroom supplements with diabetes or blood pressure medications. Consult your doctor before taking the mushroom supplements if you are on drugs that might interact with the maitake. (9 ).

Supplement-drug interactions can be dangerous and, in rare cases, even lethal. Constantly consult your medical professional prior to supplementing and let them know about all drugs and supplements you are using or thinking about.

One case report documented a likely interaction in between maitake d-fraction and a blood thinner, warfarin.

Due to their anti-diabetic and blood pressure-lowering results, maitake supplements may interact with drugs for these conditions.

If you’re taking any of the above drugs, make sure not to take maitake supplements prior to speaking with your physician. (10 ).

Medications for high blood pressure (antihypertensive drugs) connects with maitake mushroom

Maitake mushroom may lower high blood pressure. Taking maitake mushroom along with medications that lower high blood pressure might trigger blood pressure to go too low. Monitor your high blood pressure carefully.

Medications for diabetes (antidiabetes drugs) communicates with maitake mushroom

Maitake mushroom may decrease blood glucose levels. Taking maitake mushroom in addition to diabetes medications may cause blood sugar level to drop too low. Screen your blood sugar carefully.

Unique safety measures and cautions

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: there isn’t sufficient trustworthy details to understand if maitake mushroom is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and prevent use.

Surgical treatment: maitake mushroom might impact blood glucose levels, making blood sugar level control challenging throughout and after surgical treatment. Stop using maitake mushroom a minimum of 2 weeks before a scheduled surgical treatment. (11 ).

When buying maitake:

Try to find extracts standardized to the d-fraction of maitake (originated from a polysaccharide called beta glucan). Commercial preparations typically supply 3 to 25 mg of standardized d– or md-fraction plus 75 to 250 mg entire powder per pill.

Maitake dosage:

Disease-prevention dosages of commercial preparations vary from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of whole powder daily.

Kid’s dose:

None specified. May think about half the adult dosage in children aged 6-12 years.

Dr. Dwayne states:

I’m a fantastic follower in the immune-enhancing and cancer-protective properties of asian mushrooms, consisting of maitake. It is edible and delicious, and part of the suggestions in my anti-inflammatory food guide pyramid. You need to have the ability to find it dried or fresh in japanese markets, gourmet shops, or upscale supermarkets or as extracts. (12 ).

Scientific summary

Maitake is an edible mushroom consumed extensively in asia as food and used in traditional medicine to treat diabetes and high blood pressure. Its extracts are commercially readily available as dietary supplements marketed to “boost immune function” and to treat hiv and cancer. Beta 1,6-glucan, a protein bound polysaccharide, has actually been identified as the active constituent. Maitake extracts exhibited hypoglycemic effects in a couple of studies. Preliminary information likewise suggest that they might be useful in causing ovulation in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.

In other studies, maitake showed antitumor results, enhanced bone marrow colony development, minimized doxorubicin toxicity, and hindered tumor transition in vitro. In murine models, orally administered extracts promoted maturation of hematopoietic cells to functionally active myeloid cells and enhanced peripheral blood leukocyte recovery following chemotoxic bone marrow injury; and protected versus cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression. A novel polysaccharide, mzf, was shown to cause dendritic cell maturation and enhanced antitumor response; a selenium-enriched polysaccharide improved the antitumor activity of 5-fu; and a combination of polysaccharides and vitamin c was reported to induce apoptosis and autophagy in human hepatoma cells. Maitake likewise enhanced interferon activity against bladder cancer cells and reduced swelling connected with inflammatory bowel disease.

In addition, a maitake fraction revealed antileishmanial effects; and a maitake polysaccharide has been reported to ameliorate lipid metabolic disorders by regulating gut microbial phylotypes and by controling genes involved in hepatic lipid and cholesterol metabolic process.

In a little non-controlled study, tumor regression or substantial improvements in symptoms were observed in half of the topics who took maitake extract. In a trial of postmenopausal breast cancer patients, oral administration of a maitake extract was revealed to have immunomodulatory impacts; and to enhance neutrophil and monocyte function in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. More research studies are underway to evaluate maitake’s anticancer capacity. (13 ).

Referrals

  1. Https://www.rxlist.com/maitake_mushroom/supplements.htm
  2. Https://www.healthline.com/health/food-nutrition/maitake-mushroom#benefits
  3. Https://www.drugs.com/npp/maitake.html
  4. Https://wa.kaiserpermanente.org/kbase/topic.jhtml?Docid=hn-2127000#hn-2127000-related-information
  5. Https://www.verywellfit.com/the-benefits-of-maitake-89037
  6. Https://senchateabar.com/blogs/blog/how-to-make-mushroom-tea
  7. Https://www.touchwoodmushrooms.com/blogs/news/how-to-make-maitake-tea
  8. Https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maitake
  9. Https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/risks-maitake-mushroom-supplements-10999.html
  10. Https://supplements.selfdecode.com/blog/maitake-mushrooms/
  11. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-560/maitake-mushroom
  12. Https://www.drweil.com/vitamins-supplements-herbs/herbs/maitake/
  13. Https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maitake
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