Gynostemma pentaphyllum

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: plantae
  • Division: magnoliophyta
  • Class: magnoliopsida
  • Order: cucurbitales
  • Family: cucurbitaceae
  • Subfamily: zanonioideae
  • Subtribe: gomphogyninae
  • Genus: gynostemma
  • Types: g. Pentaphyllum

Gynostemma pentaphyllum, also called jiaogulan is an herbaceous vine of the family cucurbitaceae (cucumber or gourd household) indigenous to the southern reaches of china, southern korea and japan. Jiaogulan is best referred to as an organic medicine deemed to have effective antioxidant and adaptogenic effects that increase durability. (1 )


Pentaphyllum (synonym: vitis pentaphyllum) is a climbing, perennial vine belonging to china, japan, and parts of southeast asia. The plant is dioecious– having both male and female flowers on different plants. The leaves typically grow in groups of 5, and little greenish-white florets are produced. Although a member of the gourd/cucumber family, g. Pentaphyllum does not produce the particular fruit of this household. The plant grows generously and is gathered from the wild; it has actually been brought under cultivation and tissue culture has actually been attained. The plant is now naturalized in the hotter, drier parts of the united states.


Jiaogulan has actually been included into conventional chinese medication only in the last twenty years, although it has a history of folk use in the guizhou province. Its homes are said to have actually been investigated when a chinese census revealed a great deal of elderly individuals in the province reported using the plant. The plant’s potential as a sweetening agent promoted chemical examinations in japan. Commercialization and clinical research study of the leaves have been promoted by provincial chinese authorities, and the discovery that a number of ginseng-like saponins happen in the leaves has prompted aggressive promo of the plant as a substitute for ginseng. The look of jiaogulan in american commerce has been heralded in popular publications.


Plant constituents mainly consist of sterols, acetylenic sterols, and triterpenols. The phenolic, saponin, and flavonoid structure is understood to vary both geographically and by genotype.8 a great deal of dammarane (triterpene) saponins, called gypenosides, have been clarified from the plant leaves. Initial work on the gypenosides was undertaken mainly by 1 group of researchers, but constituents continue to be further explained. Numerous of these saponins correspond those discovered in ginseng, and the content is similar with that of ginseng roots. However, large variation in the quantity and nature of gypenosides has actually made standardization of particular gypenosides troublesome. Many existing products are standardized on overall saponin content. High-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques have been described to identify chemical constituents. (2 ).

Immortality herb?

The chinese call jiaogulan an “immortality” herb and claim it has revitalizing residential or commercial properties. Numerous say it can help the body withstand stress as well as increase cardiovascular health. Specialists of organic medicine categorize it as an adaptogen because it’s believed to assist the body without triggering damage or imbalance.

Chinese medication initially explained it during the ming dynasty as a folk treatment for conditions such as peptic ulcers. Jiaogulan tea is likewise believed to help alleviate coughing, colds, and other respiratory concerns such as persistent bronchitis.

Jiaogulan wasn’t utilized widely in the standard chinese medication system. Regardless, some people believed that teas made from jiaogulan in the guizhou province might assist you live longer. There is no clinical evidence of its advantages as an antiaging herb. If there were, you ‘d probably have become aware of the key to immortality by now!

Ginseng replacement?

Standard chinese medication utilizes ginseng to deal with stress, insomnia, colds, and flu. It’s also stated to improve concentration and memory, physical endurance, and endurance. In western medicine it’s utilized as a stimulant.

Jiaogulan advocates writing for the website jiaogulan.org state that it offers much of the same advantages as ginseng and can be utilized as a substitute for ginseng. It doesn’t contain a number of the other chemical substances found in ginseng, and it can’t be thought about similar.

What the research says

Advocates of jiaogulan composing for the website jiaogulan.org claim that it can enhance your circulation and lower your blood sugar. According to a research study published in the journal alternative treatments in health and medicine, it can assist in the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver illness. Jiaogulan includes saponins. These substances can bind with bile acids and help in reducing cholesterol. They likewise may assist lower the risk of colon cancer, according to a research study worldwide journal of gastroenterology.

Scientists are evaluating jiaogulan’s cancer-fighting capabilities. A research study released in the worldwide journal of molecular sciences discovered that it might assist block some of the cell modifications needed for tumors to grow.

Jiaogulan might assist increase endurance, according to a research study published in the journal of animal and veterinary advances. When rats were fed crude polysaccharides, which are found in jiaogulan, they swam longer throughout a swimming test after one month.

What to do if you wish to attempt jiaogulan

Speak with your doctor first if you want to attempt jiaogulan as a complementary health method. It’s finest to use natural medications under the supervision of a doctor or somebody trained in natural medications. Information on the qualifications and licensing of herbalists is available from the nationwide center for complementary and natural medicine.

There are no proven efficient doses of the herb for grownups or kids. Herbalists typically advise 2 to 4 cups of jiaogulan tea per day. Jiaogulan has couple of known negative adverse effects. In some people it triggers queasiness and increased defecation. In addition to tea it’s available as an extract and in pill form. (3 ).

Jiaogulan properties

When japanese scientists in the 1970s began to check out the health homes of jiaogulan, they discovered that it included a variety of saponins which are the chemical substances responsible for the adaptogenic impacts of ginseng.

In fact, jiaogulan includes over 80 various saponins (gypenosides) compared to the 28 discovered in ginseng. As well as these saponins, jiaogulan is a natural anti-oxidant and a rich source of healthy minerals and vitamins.

Many people suggest that jiaogulan is one of the very best adaptogens discovered in nature and if you are not familiar with the term, they are also referred to as biological reaction modifiers. The criteria for an adaptogen was developed by russian medical professionals throughout the middle of the 20th century and include:.

The capability to help the body adjust to various tensions both environmental and psychological.

Not triggering any harm or putting additional stresses on the body.

Having a non-specific effect on the body and the capability to support all of its significant systems.

The health benefits of jiaogulan

Along with its ability to lengthen life, jiaogulan has numerous particular health advantages which we will take a look at below. If you have an interest in what this wonderful herb can do for you, then read on …

1. For energy

The chinese have generally drunk tea made from jiaogulan to give them the energy that they need throughout a hard day of labor. Now whether you are faced with the possibility of a day in the fields or the workplace or you simply feel a bit diminish, there is proof that jiaogulan can assist offer you with the energy increase you require to assist you make it through the day.

In fact, several chinese studies have demonstrated that jiaogulan might help improve energy and endurance levels in professional athletes. One study published in 1993 showed that the subjects given an oral dose of the herb experienced improved cardiac output compared to other chinese herbs.

2. For immunity

A strong and healthy immune system is definitely crucial to our general health and health and wellbeing. It helps protect us from bacteria, infections and parasite and from sicknesses varying from the acute rhinitis to cancer.

Jiaogulan is able to increase the body’s body immune system because of its antioxidant residential or commercial properties and its capability to control the production of nitric oxide. If you are prone to capturing colds or flus or if you feel that your immune system has actually been jeopardized in any way, then jiaogulan might help reinforce your system and protect you from illness.

3. For food digestion

There is little in the way of scientific proof however advocates of jiaogulan state that it works marvels for their digestion system. I have to confess that since i started consuming it around a month ago that my stomach has actually felt more at ease however i am likewise delighted to confess that there may be other consider play.

Experts say that jiaogulan can protect the intestinal tract from damage caused by toxins and protect versus ulcers. Consuming jiaogulan tea might also be a natural solution for constipation and it may help stabilize the bacteria in your gut causing better total health.

4. For heart health

With coronary heart disease being one of the significant contemporary killers, it is excellent to understand that you can provide your heart the security it requires naturally. Various animal studies have actually demonstrated that jiaogulan can decrease ldl cholesterol while raising the good hdl cholesterol in the blood.

In addition to helping to manage cholesterol, there is proof that jiaogulan can have a favorable influence on blood pressure levels. The exact system by which it works is still not totally comprehended however it is believed to help unwind and dilate the capillary and enhance the circulation of blood through the arteries.

Research studies have likewise shown that it can prevent the build-up of harmful plaque in the arteries which left unattended can lead to stroke and heart attack.

5. For mood

Like many organic teas, a great cup of warm jiaogulan can help bring back balance to your mind and take away the stress and anxiety and stresses from the day. Nobody is claiming that it will help deal with major cases of stress and stress and anxiety but if you are feeling a little edgy, it might simply bring a smile to your face.

6. For a good night of sleep

The chinese have generally intoxicated jiaogulan tea to help them relax after work and to calm down to a good night’s sleep. There are no clinical research studies that can verify this use of the herb advantages sleep.

Nevertheless, provided its long history of use and the quantity of favorable anecdotes that i have actually come across, i do not think it needs to be dismissed lightly. If you have trouble getting to sleep, then it is definitely worth providing jiaogulan a chance, consume a cup thirty minutes or two prior to bedtime and see how it works for you.

7. For weight loss

I understand what you are believing … here comes another herb which guarantees to help you drop weight. However, like most healthy teas, they can certainly help you to control your weight in the long term.

As a replacement for calorie loaded sodas, jiaogulan can assist you cut the calories which will benefit your waist line if you consume it over the long term. It is also known to provide you the energy that you need to get out and workout.

One medical research study published in 2006 actually revealed that it might assist people with fatty liver disease and likewise help reduce their body mass index.

There are no simple routes to dramatic weight reduction, however as part of an overall diet plan and workout strategy, jiaogulan may help you in the long run.

8. For the skin

Jiaogulan is an exceptional source of natural antioxidants which assist prevent skin damage brought on by complimentary extreme damage. Consuming jiaogulan routinely may help in reducing a few of the signs of cellular damage as well as slowing down those unwanted signs that we are getting older.

When used topically, jiaogulan can in fact help secure the skin from uv damage caused by over exposure to the sun’s rays. According to chinese research, even drinking jiaogulan or taking it in capsule type can likewise assist avoid uv damage.

9. Anti-aging

Jiaogulan is called the immortality herb for good factor. It was initially given scientific attention because population research studies revealed that those who consumed it frequently were living longer and significantly healthier lives.

Scientists believe that the main reason for this general advantage is that it contains 2 very important anti-oxidants– glutathione and superoxide dismutase.

One scientific study revealed that jiaogulan taken each day for a 2 month period minimized much of the indications of aging consisting of tiredness, insomnia, amnesia, diarrhea and poor balance.

10. Respiratory conditions

Jiaogulan is an exceptional natural solution versus a variety of respiratory problems consisting of coughs, asthma and bronchitis. One scientific research study on its impacts versus persistent bronchitis exposed that it worked in treating over 90% of the 86 subjects.

It has typically been used in china as an expectorant as it assists to clear a build-up of mucus from your respiratory tracts indicating you can breathe a lot easier.

11. For diabetes and blood sugar level

Vietnamese scientists tested to see if jiaogulan tea had any results on blood sugar level and insulin sensitivity. The 2013 study was done with type 2 diabetics offered 6 grams of jiaogulan tea for 1 month. The scientists concluded that gynostemma pentaphyllum tea (jiaogulan tea) improved insulin level of sensitivity in people with type 2 diabetes.

12. Anti-cancer potential

In late 2016, chinese scientists did a meta-analysis of research to try and identify possible anti-cancer advantages of gynostemma pentaphyllum and its components. The scientists discovered lots of gypenosides that had research revealing anti-cancer effects varying from preventing the infect killing cancer cells directly. The research study concluded noting numerous potential curative impacts could be discovered from the “gpm formula” (gynostemma pentaphyllum). (4 ).

5 fantastic advantages of gynostemma tea (jiaogulan tea)

Gynostemma tea is an organic tea brewed from the dried leaves of the gynostemma pentaphyllum plant, which is commonly called jiaogulan or ‘pauper’s ginseng’. Native to parts of china, japan, and southeast asia, this plant’s benefits can likewise be taken pleasure in through its extract, or in a capsule kind. The plant is really a climbing up vine and can now be found naturalized in many other asian nations. This tea can be found at exotic import stores and health search the world, including in the united states.

For centuries, the organic tea made from the aerial part (consisting of stems and leaves) of Gp has actually been consumed in China as a basic tonic. Today, it is progressively promoting around the world for reducing serum lipid and cholesterol levels. Like green tea, jiaogulan tea also holds anticarcinogenic and antioxidative activities. (5 ).

This tea is so extensively demanded because of its special nutrient structure, which includes particular adaptogens and antioxidants that can increase the levels of energy and endurance in the body. The leaves are also abundant in minerals, such as magnesium, calcium, zinc, iron, and manganese.


The many advantages of gynostemma tea include its effects on endurance, strength, cholesterol, inflammation, fatigue, and diabetes, among others.

Adaptogenic benefits

Gynostemma is an adaptogen, a compound which brings your whole body back into balance. One of the active ingredients in this tea are saponins, called gypenosides, that can help the body adjust and find out how to secure itself better.

Cholesterol concerns

The blood-thinning residential or commercial properties of this tea can help avoid blockage from cholesterol, thus decreasing the risk of stroke and heart attack.


The stimulant nature of this tea makes it perfect for improving the metabolic process and assisting in weight reduction efforts.


In standard use, gynostemma tea is believed to extend life, which might be because of the antioxidants and adaptogens found in the green, leafy herb. It’s frequently called the ‘immortality drink’.


According to a study released in the journal hormonal agent and metabolic research, this tea can help control blood sugar and insulin levels in the body.

How to make?

Developing gynostemma tea at home isn’t overly difficult and can make a scrumptious drink that can be enjoyed at any time of day. Let us take a look at the recipe below.


  • 8 ounce of filtered water
  • 2 tsp of dried gynostemma leaves
  • 1 tsp honey


To make jiaogulan/gynostemma tea, bring a pot of water to boil, then remove it from the heat for 2-3 minutes.

Include 2 teaspoons of the dried gynostemma delegates a teapot. Pour the hot water over the tea leaves and allow to steep for a minimum of 10 minutes. The longer the leaves steep, the more nutrients will be pulled into the tea. You can add a teaspoon of honey to enhance the taste prior to serving it hot! (6 ).

Inadequate evidence to rate effectiveness for …

Liver illness (nonalcoholic fatty liver illness). Early research study recommends that taking jiaogulan 3 times daily by mouth for 4 months does not enhance markers of liver function, body mass index, cholesterol levels, kidney function, or blood glucose in people with a type of liver illness called nonalcoholic fatty liver illness.

  • Regulating high blood pressure.
  • Stomach disorders.
  • Difficulty sleeping (insomnia).
  • Improving memory.
  • Improving heart function. (7 )

Standard uses and advantages of jiaogulan

  • Whole plant is a tonic herb that enhances the circulation, promotes liver function, strengthens the immune and nervous systems, and decreases blood glucose and cholesterol levels.
  • It likewise has sedative results, relieving convulsions and decreasing the high blood pressure.
  • It is utilized internally in the treatment of stress and fatigue, peptic ulcer, asthma, bronchitis, diabetes, heart disease and cancer.
  • It encourages physical, psychological and spiritual wellness.
  • It makes the body capable in dealing with tension.
  • It is particularly suitable to the chronic bronchitis.
  • It remedies many mental conditions like anxiety, anxiety, alzheimer, and schizophrenia.
  • Take jiaogulan early morning for enhancing your strength, endurance and stamina.
  • Jiaogulan enhances the quality of sleep and is extensively used for dealing with insomnia.
  • It fights diabetes by increasing the production of insulin.
  • It cures heart problem like arrhythmia and angina.
  • It balances high blood pressure and manages the levels of cholesterol in the blood.
  • It increases the production of white blood cells.
  • Jiaogulan is a reliable cure for various kinds of cancers like skin, prostate, breast, uterus, kidney and esophageal cancers.
  • It is widely utilized in treating liver disease and even reverses the results of liver damage.
  • It improves digestion and assists the stomach in absorbing important nutrients.
  • Jiaogulan nurtures the skin and makes the skin radiance and is even used for getting rid of dead skin.

Culinary utilizes

  • Leaves and young stems are taken in after being cooked.
  • The leaves have a sweet taste and are utilized as a tea.
  • Jiaogulan is consumed primarily as a tea, and is likewise used as a natural sweetener in japan.
  • Jiaogulan is also available as an alcohol extract and in capsule or pill form. (8 )

What are the negative effects of jiaogulan?

May promote the body immune system

Jiaogulan might promote the immune system. Thus, it needs to not be taken with drugs that suppress the body immune system as the herb can possibly make them less efficient.

May trigger nausea

Jiaogulan was discovered to cause queasiness and increased defecation in a couple of people.

May boost bleeding

Some sources say that jiaogulan may hinder blood clot. This can increase bleeding in vulnerable individuals. Nevertheless, there is less research study to support this fact. To be on the safe side, please prevent taking this herb if you are at threat of bleeding or are about to go through a surgical treatment.

Jiaogulan supplements have actually not been evaluated for their security, and their sales are typically unregulated. The products may also be polluted with other metals. The safety of these supplements has not been developed for those with medical conditions, pregnant women, nursing mothers, and children. (9 ).

When taken by mouth: jiaogulan is possibly safe when the tea is utilized for as much as 3 months, and when the extract is used for up to 4 months. The most common negative effects are diarrhea and queasiness. There isn’t adequate reputable details to know if jiaogulan is safe when used long-lasting.

Special safety measures and cautions

Pregnancy: jiaogulan is perhaps risky when taken by mouth during pregnancy. Among the chemicals in jiaogulan has actually been connected to possible birth defects.

Breast-feeding: there isn’t adequate dependable information to understood if jiaogulan is safe to utilize when breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and prevent use.

” auto-immune illness” such as numerous sclerosis (ms), lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus, sle), rheumatoid arthritis (ra), or other conditions: jiaogulan may trigger the immune system to end up being more active. This might increase the signs of auto-immune diseases. If you have an auto-immune condition, it’s finest to prevent using jiaogulan until more is known.

Bleeding conditions: jiaogulan might slow blood clot. This might make bleeding conditions worse.

Surgery: jiaogulan may slow blood clot. It may increase the threat of bleeding throughout and after surgical treatment. Stop using jiaogulan a minimum of 2 weeks before a scheduled surgical treatment. (10 ).


  1. Https://www.bionity.com/en/encyclopedia/jiaogulan.html
  2. Https://www.drugs.com/npp/jiaogulan.html
  3. Https://www.healthline.com/health/is-jiaogulan-the-new-ginseng#toc_title_hdr_1
  4. Https://myemail.constantcontact.com/12-proven-benefits-of-jiaogulan.html?Soid=1127365049623&aid=faityhqht-g
  5. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/fsn3.2701
  6. Https://www.organicfacts.net/gynostemma-tea.html
  7. Https://www.medicinenet.com/jiaogulan/supplements-vitamins.htm
  8. Https://www.healthbenefitstimes.com/jiaogulan/
  9. Https://www.stylecraze.com/articles/jiaogulan/
  10. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-265/jiaogulan
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