Dragon Fruit

A large normally oval to elongate fruit of any of numerous erect, sprawling, or vining cacti (since the genera selenicereus, hylocereus, or sternocereus) that has leathery skin with popular flaky spikes and juicy flesh.

The fruit of a commonly cultivated cactus (hylocereus undatus) of mexico and central america that typically has brilliant pink or red skin and white or sometimes red, slightly sweet flesh with numerous small black seeds

Unexpectedly, dragon fruit– likewise known as pitaya or pitahaya– is popping up in teas, thirst quenchers and even vodka. But its allure may have as much to do with is distinct looks as its taste. [1]


Dragon fruit is the fruit of a kind of cactus that grows in dry locations of south america. Normally the skin of the dragon fruit is red and the pulp is red or white. Dragon fruit is in some cases utilized as medication. The fruit is likewise popular as a food.

Dragon fruit is utilized for diabetes, prediabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and many other conditions, but there is no good clinical evidence to support these usages.

Dragon fruit can be eaten raw or made into wine, juice, spreads, or desserts. The flowers are in some cases consumed as a veggie or made into a tea.

In manufacturing, the peel of the fruit is utilized as food coloring and as a thickener. [2]


Dragon fruit comes from main and south america. We call this interesting plant a fruit,.

However it is actually a cactus. Dragon fruit is grown in asia, mexico, central america, south.

America, and israel today.

Its textured, flaky skin is available in pink or yellow, while its flesh may be red or white with.

Scattered, tiny, black seeds. The flesh must be dug of the skin- it is easiest to do.

With a spoon. It has a crunchy texture and sweet taste, like a kiwi or a pear. The red flesh.

Of the dragon fruit includes lycopene, which has actually been associated with lower cancer and.

Cardiovascular disease threat. The skin needs to not be eaten. [3]


After an extensive cleansing of the seeds from the pulp of the fruit, the seeds might be stored when dried. The ideal fruit is unblemished and overripe.

Seeds grow well in a garden compost or potting soil mix– even as a potted indoor plant. Pitaya cacti typically germinate after in between 11 and 14 days after shallow planting. As they are cacti, overwatering is a concern for house growers. As their growth continues, these climbing plants will find something to climb on, which can involve putting aerial roots down from the branches in addition to the basal roots. As soon as the plant reaches a mature 4.5 kgs (10 pounds) in weight, the plant might flower.

Industrial plantings can be done at high density with in between 1,100 and 1,350 per hectare (445 and 546/acre). Plants can take up to 60 months/260 weeks to come into complete industrial production, at which stage yields of 20 to 30 metric tons (22 to 33 short lots) can be expected.

Pitaya flowers bloom overnight and usually wilt by the night. They rely on nocturnal pollinators such as bats or moths for fertilization. Self-fertilization will not produce fruit in some species, and while cross-breeding has resulted in a number of “self-fertile” ranges, cross-pollinating with a 2nd, genetically distinct plant of the very same types typically increases fruit set and quality. This restricts the capability of house growers to produce the fruit. Nevertheless, the plants can flower in between three and six times in a year depending upon growing conditions. Like other cacti, if a healthy piece of the stem is broken off, it may settle in soil and become its own plant.

The plants can endure temperature levels approximately 40 ° c (104 ° f) and really short durations of frost, however will not make it through long direct exposure to freezing temperature levels. The cacti prosper most in usda zones 10– 11, however might make it through outdoors in zone 9a or 9b.

Selenicereus has actually adapted to reside in dry tropical climates with a moderate quantity of rain. In various regions, it has escaped cultivation to become a weed and is classified as an intrusive weed in some nations.

Bugs and diseases

Stems and fruits are susceptible to a number of illness triggered by fungis, bacteria, a nematode, and an infection. Overwatering or extreme rains can cause the flowers to drop and fruit to rot. The bacterium xanthomonas campestris causes the stems to rot. Dothiorella fungis can cause brown areas on the fruit. Other fungi known to contaminate pitaya include botryosphaeria dothidea, colletotrichum gloeosporioides and bipolaris cactivora. [4]

Various kinds of dragon fruit

Mother of dragons

Dragon fruit– likewise called pitaya, or hylocereus for the more latin-minded– is no stranger to appeal. The fruit actually starts its life as a flower, flowering on a cactus range native to main america.

When fully established, it’s the stand-out star of any fruit and vegetables area thanks to its elaborate tough scales that ombre from hot pink to green. But pitaya is no one-look pony: the stylish fruit actually comes in a number of varieties, sporting various tastes and tones of skin and flesh.

And like many supermodels that have come prior to it, dragon fruit has been indelibly linked to the music scene, with a number of its most vibrant cultivars taking their names straight from the rock n roll world.

White dragon fruit

With its lively pink skin and white flesh– found with yummy black seeds– white dragon fruit is the most typically grown kind of pitaya. Some of its more popular cultivars include:.

David bowie: speak about the thin, white duke. This variety of white dragon fruit is slimmer than a lot of others, and understood for a tangier, lemon-like taste.

Vietnamese jaina: among the world’s most popular ranges, thanks in no little part to the plain brightness of its fruit. The color-blocking of this varietal is truly instagram-worthy.

L.a. Female: a rarely-grown range that some professionals state leaves a bad taste in your mouth. No relation to how the doors tune of the very same name might make you feel.

Seoul kitchen area: a spin on another doors tune title, this range of white dragon fruit is a bit rounder fit, with smoother and sweeter flesh than its los angeles cousin.

Lake atitlan: named for the volcano-ringed lake in guatemala, this exotic-sounding range of dragon fruit is generally on the larger– and tangier– side.

Neitzel: a california native, this varietal is sweet and particularly tasty when cooled.

Alice: called for a rock star of the fruit growing world, alice snow, this eponymous type of dragon fruit is less sweet than other ranges, however rocks ultra-bright pink skin.

Guyute: in the phish song of the exact same name, guyute was an ugly pig. Worldwide of unique plants, it’s an especially sweet variety of white dragon fruit.

Harpua: dragon fruit growers must truly enjoy phish. This varietal– named for a song with a particularly tasty jam– rocks a semisweet white pulp that tastes a bit like melon.

Thompson: among the biggest varieties of white dragon fruit, this cultivar can weigh up to 1.5 pounds.

Red dragon fruit

Red dragon fruit has the exact same gorgeous pink skin as its white family members, however a burst of red flesh on the within.

Red jaina: with an especially deep-red pulp, this variety is particularly juicy– making it an ideal compliment to an excellent mixer.

Zamorano: called for the university in honduras where it was first developed, this red dragon fruit range is medium-sized with a mild, sweet taste.

Costa rican sundown: as unique as its name entails, this is an especially special range of dragon fruit, thanks to its sluggish growing vine.

Natural mystic: did you think we were done name-checking tunes? Reconsider. This red dragon fruit, called for the bob marley tune, is genuinely magical, landing on the larger and sweeter side of things.

Pink dragon fruit

Technically, these are all types of red dragon fruit, but on the inside, they look anything from soft rose to hot pink.

Makisupa: a gorgeous magenta flesh partners with a sweet-and-sour taste in this red-but-more-like pink dragon fruit range.

American appeal: aptly named after both the seminal grateful dead album and its genuinely astonishing pink pulp, this varietal is also understood for its stunning sweet flavor.

Delight: on the bigger side with a smooth texture, sweet taste, and charming soft pink flesh, this pink dragon fruit is genuinely worthy of its name.

Dark star: a long and slim shape with a moderate grape-y taste and the bearer of yet another grateful dead tune name.

Cosmic charlie: rounding out the deadhead crowd is this magenta-fleshed varietal, with a truly celestial taste of grape and kiwi.

Purple haze: diverting into the harder side of rock, this jimi hendrix namesake is among the greatest kinds of dragon fruit, with a dynamic pink color, fairly few seeds, and grape-like taste.

Voodoo kid: worthwhile of its witchy name (which happens to likewise be– you thought it!– a jimi hendrix tune) this pink dragon fruit is small but mighty, packing a sweet grape-y taste into a dark pink fruit no larger than an egg.

Yellow dragon fruit

This type of dragon fruit doesn’t mind standing out from the crowd, with a monotone yellow exterior that sports a far various scale pattern.

There’s only one yellow dragon fruit variety, however it’s widely believed to be the tastiest of all, with its company white flesh packaging a lot of sweetness.

Sour dragon fruit

Something of a specialty, this kind of dragon fruit is called stenocereus and is found mostly in south and central america, especially in more deserts. It may lean more sour than sweet, but it yields more juice than the majority of other ranges, and has actually long been a dietary staple of indigenous peoples.

But no matter which look or taste it’s rocking, a dragon fruit constantly intends to please. [5]

Dragon fruit nutrition truths

The following nutrition details is offered by the usda for one 6-ounce (170g) serving of cubed dragon fruit.

  • Calories: 102
  • Fat: 0g
  • Sodium: 0mg
  • Carbohydrates: 22g
  • Fiber: 5g
  • Sugars: 13g
  • Protein: 2g


Dragon fruit is a naturally low-calorie food, with most of the calories originating from carbohydrate. There are two types of carbohydrate in dragon fruit: naturally happening sugars (13g per 6-ounce serving) and fiber. You’ll get 5 grams of fiber– or about 18% of your recommended day-to-day intake– in a 6-ounce serving.

The precise glycemic index (gi) of dragon fruit has actually not been recorded, although one research study approximates the glycemic index to be comparable to that of a banana– or about 48 to 52.

as a reference, foods with a gi of 55 or more are thought about high glycemic foods.


There is an extremely percentage of fat in dragon fruit. The edible seeds include omega-3 fatty acids, omega 6-fatty acids, and polyunsaturated fat which are all healthy fatty acids.3.


Dragon fruit provides a small amount of protein, about 2 grams per serving.

Minerals and vitamins

Dragon fruit provides vitamin c and riboflavin, together with about 17% of your day-to-day recommended consumption of magnesium– a mineral that is accountable for aiding in hundreds of biochemical responses in the body. Dragon fruit likewise contains iron, niacin, and calcium. [6]

Health advantages of dragon fruit

An intriguing fact about this fruit is that the chinese claim that it stemmed from the fire of a dragon throughout battle. Undermining the myth surrounding this fruit, there is something that makes it very healthy for us. Here is a list of 10 health benefits of consuming dragon fruit.

Decreases threat of diabetes

This fruit contains high amounts of fiber that maintains blood sugar levels and avoids spikes among individuals struggling with diabetes. Regular usage of this fruit can assist balance blood sugar levels and prevent additional medical consequences amongst diabetics.

Reduces threats of cancer

This fruit includes anti-cancer properties that can decrease the dangers of colon cancer. Its high source of vitamin c plays an important function in improving the immune system. Vitamin c is an effective anti-oxidant that prevents you from contracting persistent illness such as diabetes, alzheimer’s parkinson’s, cancer, etc.

Assists boost resistance

This fruit consists of high levels of vitamin c that improves immunity and helps you stay healthy. More vitamin c indicates that your body is capable of combating fatal infections that you might be susceptible to. All you need to do is to take in 1 cup (200 grams) of this fruit every day and remain healthy.

Good for digestion

This fruit has an abundant source of oligosaccharides (a carbohydrate) that helps in the development of good germs like flora, which aids in smooth food digestion. It is loaded with high fiber that also helps in digestive health, helps reduces the threat of cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

Helpful for heart

Dragon fruit with red colored pulp contains betalains (creates red color inside the fruit) that reduces bad cholesterol (ldl cholesterol). The small dark black seeds inside the fruit are abundant in omega-3 and omega-9 fatty acids that are good for the heart and minimize the dangers of cardiovascular diseases.

Battles aging skin

Faster ageing can be caused due to stress, contamination and other aspects such as bad diet etc. Nevertheless, it’s an abundant source of antioxidants that can treat sunburn, dry skin and acne. Its material of vitamin c can assist in brighter skin. You can prepare dragon fruit juice and drink it once a day for radiant skin.

Helpful for hair

Need thick, black and glossy hair? Attempt dragon fruit powder mixed with a glass of milk (250ml) once every day and this will do you excellent. The high source of nutrients discovered in this fruit extract powder decreases hair damage triggered by artificial hair coloring and enhances hair texture, hence, leaving it soft and shiny. All you need to do so is to consume this once a day and you will witness modifications.

Healthy bones

Excellent bone health can add to numerous factors such as avoiding injuries, joint pain and so forth. This incredibly fruit contains 18% magnesium and aid in more powerful bones and good bone health. All you require to do is drink one glass of dragon fruit healthy smoothie every day.

Good for eyes

This fruit contains beta-carotene (the pigment that gives the fruit its color) avoids eye issues such as cataracts and macular degeneration. One cup (220 grams) of dragon fruit every day would do you good.

Good during pregnancy

This fruit contains vitamin b, folate and iron that making it an ideal fruit for pregnant mothers. B vitamins and folate prevents abnormality and increases energy during pregnancy. Its calcium material is accountable for the bone development of the fetus. Its material of magnesium assists battle postmenopausal complications in females. [7]

Further more

Might assist combat persistent illness

Free radicals are unstable particles that cause cell damage, which might lead to swelling and illness.

One way to fight this is by consuming antioxidant-rich foods like dragon fruit.

Antioxidants work by reducing the effects of complimentary radicals, thus avoiding cell damage and inflammation.

Studies suggest that diets high in antioxidants might assist prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes and arthritis.

Dragon fruit contains numerous kinds of potent anti-oxidants, consisting of:.

Vitamin c: observational research studies have actually discovered correlations between vitamin c consumption and cancer danger. For instance, a study in 120,852 individuals associated greater intakes of vitamin c with lower rates of head and neck cancer.

Betalains: test-tube research studies show betalains can combat oxidative tension and might have the ability to reduce cancer cells.

Carotenoids: beta-carotene and lycopene are the plant pigments that provide dragon fruit its lively color. Diet plans abundant in carotenoids have actually been linked to a lowered risk of cancer and heart problem.

Notably, antioxidants work best when consumed naturally in food, rather than in pill type or as a supplement. In fact, antioxidant supplements may have damaging impacts, and taking them without medical supervision is not suggested.

On the other hand, dragon fruit is extremely suggested.


Dragon fruit contains the antioxidants vitamin c, beta-carotene, lycopene and betalain. Research studies have actually linked diet plans high in antioxidants to a minimized danger of persistent illness.

May increase low iron levels

Dragon fruit is among the few fresh fruits that contain iron.

Iron plays a vital role in carrying oxygen throughout your body. It likewise plays a crucial role in breaking down food into energy.

Unfortunately, lots of people do not get enough iron. In fact, it has been approximated that 30% of the world’s population lacks iron, making it the most typical nutrient deficiency worldwide.

To combat low iron levels, it is necessary to consume a variety of iron-rich foods. Abundant sources of iron include meats, fish, vegetables, nuts and cereals.

Dragon fruit might be another great option, as one serving consists of 8% of your recommended everyday consumption (rdi). It likewise includes vitamin c, which assists your body absorb iron.


Dragon fruit provides iron together with vitamin c, a mix that may improve your body’s absorption of this crucial mineral. [8]

How to cut and consume dragon fruit

If you can’t discover dragon fruit in your local supermarket, you may have better luck in a specialized grocery store or asian market.

To pick one out, ilic suggests trusting your gut. “follow your fruit knowledge,” she says. “it ought to be somewhat soft when you’re checking it with your finger. If it’s overly firm, you can still bring it house and leave it on your counter to ripen.”

Peel and sufficed into sections when you’re ready to consume it. Similar to an avocado, you consume the flesh and dispose of the skin. You might likewise cut it in half and scoop out the flesh with a spoon or melon baller.

Dragon fruit is best eaten raw, but you can toss it on the grill like some other fruits. Enjoy it on its own or include it to:

  • Fish, specifically cod, tuna and mahimahi.

” when you cut it up, cover it securely and put it in your refrigerator,” says Olchi. “when your dragon fruit begins to get mushy and brown, throw it away.” [9]

Dragon fruit healthy smoothie ingredients

Whiz up a blender of this dragon fruit smoothie recipe and you will not believe the brilliant color! It’s tough to avert from the beautifully brilliant color. Dragon fruit is popular as a shake bowl (like an acai bowl with great deals of toppings), but we like it best as a straight-up smoothie. More on that below! Here are the ingredients you’ll require for this shake recipe:.

Frozen dragon fruit puree: it’s most convenient to discover dragon fruit for smoothies in the frozen section at your grocery store. See more listed below!

Banana: all you need is a space temperature level banana: no requirement to freeze!

Frozen pineapple and mango: it’s easy to discover frozen pineapple and mango at your regional grocery: and this helps to boost the icy texture and sweet tart taste!

Lime juice (optional): lime juice helps highlight the fruity flavor: however it’s optional if you do not have lime on hand. [10]

Healthy dragon fruit waldorf salad

Active ingredients

  • 1 large, ripe dragon fruit
  • 1/3 cup 2-percent greek yogurt
  • 2 tablespoons mayo
  • Juice of 1/2 lemon
  • 1 teaspoon honey
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly grated ginger
  • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1 small granny smith apple, cored and cut into 1/2-inch pieces
  • 1/2 cup red seedless grapes, cut in half
  • 1/2 cup fresh cilantro leaves, chopped
  • 1/3 cup cashews, roughly sliced
  • 4 leaves bibb or iceberg lettuce


  1. Quarter the dragon fruit lengthwise. Work your finger under the skin, pull it back and peel it away in 1 piece. Cut each quarter into 1/4-inch-thick triangles.
  2. Whisk together the yogurt, mayo, lemon juice, honey, ginger and salt in a big bowl. Add the apples, grapes, 3/4 of the dragon fruit pieces and 3/4 of both the cilantro and the cashews. Toss to integrate, and cool till cooled, about 1 hour.
  3. Put a lettuce leaf in each of 4 small bowls, and leading each with a scoop of salad. Garnish with the staying dragon fruit, cilantro and cashews.

Cook’s note

To identify the ripeness of dragon fruit, offer it a mild squeeze-it ought to have a slight offer, like a ripe avocado. [11]

Adverse effects of dragon fruit

Stomach issues:

Eating dragon fruit on a routine and affordable basis is truly beneficial to our stomach and helps to keep our digestive system in good shape. The nutritional fibers found in dragon fruit function as a natural diuretic, which means they assist us defecate more regularly and make sure a smooth exit of stool from our bodies.

Despite the fact that dietary fibers are beneficial to our gastrointestinal health and give numerous benefits, dragon fruit should be consumed in small amounts. This is due to the fact that extreme dietary fiber usage has actually been linked to health issues such as insufficient nutrition absorption by the intestinal tracts, digestive gas, digestive tract blockage, stomach pain, and flatulence, to name a few.

Pee with a reddish color

Red dragon fruit can trigger your pee to become pink or red if you take in enough of it. This symptom appears to be even more serious than it is. If you consume a lot of beets, something similar can occur. When the fruit is no longer in your system, your urine needs to return to its usual color.

Anti-oxidants in excess are hazardous

Dragon fruit is high in antioxidants such as vitamin c and other antioxidant parts such as phytonutrients, polyphenols, and carotenoids, to name a few, which have a range of health benefits.

However, excessive dragon fruit-eating can lead to an oversupply of anti-oxidants, such as beta-carotene, which can contribute to lung cancer. A greater vitamin e consumption also raises the risk of hemorrhagic stroke.

Allergic reactions

This fruit has a range of health and cosmetic advantages that might be gotten simply by including it in one’s diet. Nevertheless, not everyone can utilize these advantages in the same way. This is due to the fact that specific people are allergic to dragon fruit and needs to avoid it as much as possible. It makes no sense to take in dragon fruit if you are sensitive to it because it may cause allergies such as inflamed lips and tongue, scratchy throat, burning feeling in the throat, and so on.


While dragon fruit is understood to aid with hypertension and hypertension, eating too much of the fruit can produce an increase in potassium in the system, which can lead to hypotension. Hypotension occurs when blood pressure falls listed below typical levels, triggering symptoms such as dizziness, queasiness, exhaustion, anxiety, and loss of awareness. If you have formerly been detected with hypotension, you should prevent utilizing this supplement. [12]

Preventative measures to take while feeding dragon fruit to infants

Feeding dragon fruit in age-appropriate ways with standard preventative measures can guarantee your baby enjoys its benefits with very little issues. Here are some safety measures to follow when feeding dragon fruit to infants.

  • Present peeled dragon fruit pulp in smooth, lump-free puree or mash type to your infant. As the child develops the fruit’s taste and digestibility, feed dragon fruit to your baby in different methods.
  • Introduce a teaspoon or 2 of the fruit’s puree or mash in a meal. Depending upon the baby’s tolerance, gradually increase the amount to a tablespoon or two.
  • Follow a “three to five-day wait” rule to get rid of the possibility of food allergy or intolerance.
  • If the infant appears uncomfortable after ingesting the fruit, terminate feeding for the time being. Reintroduce the fruit in the diet after two to three days. If the issue persists, consult a pediatrician.
  • Allergy to dragon fruit is uncommon but possible. Allergic reactions, such as itching of the mouth, urticaria, and vomiting, may appear immediately or a couple of minutes after touching or eating the fruit.
  • If your infant has a family history of food allergies or oral allergic reaction syndrome, especially with kiwi, then consult your healthcare provider prior to introducing dragon fruit to your child.
  • Prevent over-feeding dragon fruit to infants and young children to avoid intestinal issues, such as bloating and diarrhea, which may happen in sensitive children. Likewise, overindulging dragon fruit can rapidly fill the child’s belly, making them avoid the next meal.
  • Offer bite-sized, graspable chunks of dragon fruit to children as finger foods. As the infants grow, serve thin dragon fruit pieces or wedges to toddlers. [13]


The red dragon fruit peel powder has potential in reducing overall cholesterol, trigliserida, and LDL-c.

and Increasing HDL-c levels. Red dragon fruit peel powders can be taken in as a supplement in.

foods that are expected to maintain a healthy body and prevent hyperlipidemia. [14]


  1. Https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dragon%20fruit
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1580/dragon-fruit
  3. Https://dpi.wi.gov/sites/default/files/imce/school-nutrition/pdf/fact-sheet-dragon-fruit.pdf
  4. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pitaya#cultivation
  5. Https://fruitstand.com/blogs/stories/different-types-of-dragon-fruit
  6. Https://www.verywellfit.com/dragon-fruit-calories-carbs-nutrition-facts-4172559
  7. Https://pharmeasy.in/blog/10-health-benefits-and-recipes-of-dragon-fruit-pitaya/
  8. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/dragon-fruit-benefits#toc_title_hdr_7
  9. Https://health.clevelandclinic.org/get-to-know-the-incredible-edible-dragon-fruit/
  10. Https://www.acouplecooks.com/dragon-fruit-smoothie/
  11. Https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/food-network-kitchen/healthy-dragon-fruit-waldorf-salad-3364401
  12. Https://krishijagran.com/health-lifestyle/beware-of-these-side-effects-of-dragon-fruit/
  13. Https://www.momjunction.com/articles/dragon-fruit-for-babies-benefits-recipes_00737451/
  14. Https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1013/1/012167/pdf
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