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Turnera diffusa, known as damiana, is a shrub native to southern texas in the united states, central america, mexico, south america, and the caribbean. It belongs to the family passifloraceae.
Damiana is a reasonably small, woody shrub that produces little, aromatic flowers. It blooms in early to late summertime and is followed by fruits that taste comparable to figs. The shrub is said to have a strong spice-like odor rather like chamomile, due to the important oils present in the plant.
Damiana includes damianin; tetraphyllin b; gonzalitosin i; arbutin; tricosan-2-one; acacetin; p-cymene; β-sitosterol; 1,8-cineole; apigenin; α-pinene; β-carotene; β-pinene; tannins; thymol; and hexacosanol. In total, 22 flavonoids, maltol glucoside, phenolics, 7 cyanogenic glycosides, monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, triterpenoids, the polyterpene ficaprenol-11, fatty acids, and caffeine have actually been discovered in the genus turnera. As of 2006, damiana’s constituents have actually not been recognized for their effects attributed to the whole herb. Damiana’s anxiolytic residential or commercial properties might be due to apigenin. The extract from damiana has actually been found to reduce aromatase activity, consisting of the isolated substances pinocembrin and acacetin. (1 )
Damiana is a wild shrub that grows in mexico, main america, and the west indies. The leaf and stem are used to make medication. Historically, it was used mainly to increase sexual desire (as an aphrodisiac).
Damiana is utilized to treat headache, bedwetting, depression, worried stomach, and constipation; for avoidance and treatment of sexual issues; improving and maintaining psychological and physical stamina; and as an aphrodisiac.
Some people inhale damiana for a small “high.” (2 ).
Damiana, of the turneraceae plant family, is an aromatic shrub with little yellow flowers that grows on dry, bright, rocky hillsides in south texas, southern california, mexico, and central america. The two species used in organic recovery, both of which are referred to as damiana, are turnera aphrodisiaca and turnera diffusa. Damiana typically grows to a height of about 24 in (60 cm). Its pale green leaves, which turn yellow-brown when dried, are 0.5– 1 in (15– 25 mm) long and quite narrow. They have actually serrated (jagged) edges. The leaves and in some cases the stems of the plant have medicinal uses. Other names for damiana consist of old woman’s broom, mexican damiana, pastorata, hierba del venado, oreganello, and the bourrique. (3 ).
This fragrant shrub becomes part of the household passifloraceae and can grow up to 2 metres in height. Damiana is prevalent in deserts in main and south america in addition to in some parts of africa. In mexico in particular it is gathered and exported in muches.
In the 17th century the plant was first therefore explained by the spanish missionary juan maria de salvatierra: the indigenous peoples of mexico would utilize the leaves to make a watery extract which, sweetened with sugar, would be imbibed as a love potion. De salvatierra named the hitherto unknown plant “damiana”, after st damian, the tutelary saint of drug store.
Using damiana extracts to treat coughs and other respiratory ailments has actually been passed down from spanish colonial times. The maya peoples smoked dried damiana leaves for relaxation and lung cleansing, their word for it actually meaning “asthma broom”. It was also utilized to treat diabetes, malaria, menstrual disorders and swellings of the urogenital system.
In north america, casts based upon damiana were sold as popular tonics into the 19th century. The damiana-containing product the mormon older’s wafers was even prized as a cure-all for insomnia, lameness, headaches and impotence. (4 ).
How it works?
Most research has been done on the unstable oil of damiana, that includes various little, fragrant compounds called terpenes. Yet, it is unclear if the unstable oil is genuinely the primary active constituent of damiana. Damiana extracts have been shown, in a test tube, to weakly bind to progesterone receptors. Hence, damiana might be a possibly helpful herb for some female health problems. However, no human studies have actually examined this possibility and it is not a primary traditional usage. (5 ).
Benefits of damiana
Damiana (turnera diffusa, turnera aphrodisiaca) is a wild shrub. It is native to texas, mexico, south and main america, and the caribbean.
The dried leaves are believed to have an aphrodisiac impact for both males and females. This implies they are utilized to improve sexual function. Damiana is also offered as a cravings suppressant.
In natural medicine, damiana is used to deal with medical conditions, consisting of:.
- Menstrual disorders
There is no strong evidence to support these usages.
This short article takes a look at the herb damiana and the proof for its use.
Damiana has actually been used in herbal remedies for centuries. Still, few research studies have looked at this plant’s efficiency.
Much of the research that does exist is limited to animal and laboratory studies. The outcomes of these studies can not be reliably applied to human beings.
Enhanced sexual function
Damiana is commonly promoted as a sexual stimulant and aphrodisiac. There is little clinical assistance for this.
A 2009 research study found that damiana assisted sexully exhausted male rats have a second ejaculation. According to the research study authors, the outcomes support its usage as an aphrodisiac.
The authors recommended that flavonoids in the plant might cause this effect.these are antioxidant-rich compounds found in some fruits and vegetables.
Other research suggests damiana might also improve female sexual pleasure.
2 studies investigated the supplement arginmax for ladies. This is a proprietary blend of:.
The very first research study consisted of 77 women. Individuals took either arginmax or a placebo for 4 weeks. At the end of the research study, 73% of those who took arginmax reported:.
- A boost in sexual desire
- A decrease of vaginal dryness
- A higher frequency of sexual intercourse and orgasm
- Improved clitoral sensation
This is compared to 37% of the placebo group.
The second study took a look at arginmax in women in various phases of life, consisting of:.
All groups reported greater levels of sexual desire and fulfillment. Researchers also kept in mind that enhancements in the postmenopausal group were substantial.
The supplement also did not effect estrogen levels. Research study authors suggested the supplement may be a much better option than hormone-replacement treatment for older females who want to increase their libido.
Significantly, researchers in both studies could not state whether damiana alone can improve sexual function. It is possible it might work only in combination with other herbs.
A couple of studies have actually found some evidence for damiania’s use in improving sexual function. More proof is needed before it can be advised for this usage.
Damiana has actually also been studied as a weight-loss tool.
In a 2013 research study, females were offered a herbal formula 15 minutes before meals. This formula included:.
- Yerba maté
Some participants likewise took an inulin based soluble fermentable fiber. This kind of fiber liquifies in water. It is found in the roots of numerous food plants.
Topics who took this formula ate much less food by volume and calories than to those who took the placebo.
Topics who took the herbs however not the fiber likewise ate fewer calories. According to the research study authors, the supplement produced a robust, short-term reduction in cravings.
An earlier study discovered that this herbal formula delayed stomach emptying by an additional 20 minutes. This means it took longer for food to leave the stomachs of those who took the formula.
It likewise decreased the time it took participants to feel complete.
Topics took the supplement daily before their main meal for 45 days. At the end of the time duration, they ‘d lost approximately 11 pounds more than those taking a placebo.
Those who kept taking the supplement for a year maintained their weight-loss.
This research study shows promise. Still, the study authors might not say if damiana suppresses appetite by itself. More research study is required prior to it can be suggested as a weight loss help.
Some research studies have likewise found proof that an organic formula including damiana can assist reduce appetite. More research is required. (6 ).
Benefits for male and female
Male sexual health
Especially shown for reducing issues of achieving and preserving erections, damiana likewise works to eliminate tension and stress and anxiety related to fears of insufficient sexual performance. Research studies have revealed that consuming the plant works to decrease the digestion tract and rather rushes oxygen to genital locations. This assists men to attain erection far more easily and keep it for longer amount of times. Yet another study claims that use of damiana causes greater sensitivity in the erotic zones, specifically the genitals, which in turn may assist men to experience higher sexual satisfaction.
Female sexual health
Damiana had actually long been considered an exclusively male aphrodisiac, until household and integrated medical practitioner cynthia watson published her book, “love potions, a guide to aphrodisiacs and sexual pleasures”. In it, she presented evidence showing that androgens such as testosterone might be reliable for stimulating so-called “freezing” females, a particular some scientists suspect may be brought on by an androgen deficiency. Watson likewise said she saw a restored interest in sex among women who used damiana. In additions she composed, “it is also reported to induce sensual dreams when intoxicated at bedtime. I can also inform you that damiana makes my dreams at least a little uncommon, with qualities worthwhile of an abstract walt disney production”.
One of the active constituents of this herb is thymol, and it is this substance that is accountable for damiana’s life enhancing and revitalizing result on the body and mind. Lots of herbalists prescribe damiana for moderate to moderate depression, anxiety and nervous exhaustion. Its stimulating and corrective homes make it a valuable herb for stress and anxiety and anxiety taking place together– as can typically take place as a result of long term tension.
This versatile herb will promote gastrointestinal health by helping with the breakdown of fats and sugars in the gastrointestinal system. This system is advantageous as it increases the body’s nutrient absorption rate, hence guaranteeing the body gets the most nutrients discovered in the food we consume.
Damiana also motivates the cleansing of the intestinal tract, requiring the body to remove harmful chemicals and toxic substances that would generally impede the food digestion procedure. This natural herb can likewise be utilized to deal with dyspepsia or impaired digestion as it actively decreases the gastrointestinal procedure. (7 ).
Might help combat avoid and diabetes
Some research study has revealed that a combination of damiana, guarana and yerba mate may help individuals who are overweight or obese to reach a healthier weight. These herbs are capable of enhancing energy levels, which supports physical activity, lowering stress-related eating, helping with hormonal balance, and perhaps minimizing hunger or yearnings.
According to a study published in the journal of enthopharamacology referenced above, not just does damiana have anti-obesity results, however it also possesses antidiabetic, antioxidant, adapatogenic, antispasmodic and gastroprotective activities that may help reduce the risk for many chronic diseases. In particular animal studies, t. Diffusa has actually been shown to have antioxidant properties that might prevent kidney damage and diabetes caused by mitochondrial oxidative tension.
May fight infections
A variety of types of turnera plantsare widely used in folk medicine for dealing with different kinds of inflammatory diseases and infections. Today, research study informs us that plants in the turneraceae family can serve as a source of plant-derived natural substances that have antibiotic resistance-modifying activity.
Damiana has actually been revealed to function as a natural anti-inflammatory representative, expectorant (it assists to open up the respiratory tracts and stop coughs) and immunomodulator. There’s proof that t. Diffusa can be utilized to treat otitis (ear aches/ear infections) and nephritis (inflammation of the kidneys).
Pinocembrin is one of the primary flavonoids isolated from damiana leaf. Pinocembrin activities have been well-researched and include antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer activities. For centuries, plants including pinocembrain and flavanoids (both found in damiana) have been utilized to eliminate bacterial infections of the breathing, reproductive and digestion systems– including those triggered by bacterial pressures such as gonorrhoeae, e. Coli, p. Aeruginosa, b. Subtilis, s. Aureus, s. Lentus and k. Pneumoniae.
Can assist lower pain (headaches, stomach aches, pms, etc)
Ladies who experience extreme pms signs, such as cramps and state of mind swings, might gain from using damiana leaf throughout their menstrual cycles. Damiana might also assist alleviate headaches, muscle pains and stomach discomforts. Since it has relaxant and digestive stimulating effects, a historical use of damiana was drinking it to assist launch the muscles in the gi tract in order to decrease irregularity, bloating and abdominal discomfort. (8 ).
How to make damiana tea?
Measure 1 or 2 heaping teaspoons of dried damiana leaves, and place them into a clean coffee mug or other heat proof drinking container.
Boil one cup of water in little pan or tea kettle on the stove top. Get rid of from heat and put the boiling water into the mug, over the dried damiana leaves.
Permit the damiana tea steep for 15-20 minutes. Strain the tea into a clean coffee mug, or into another heat evidence drinking container. Dispose of the spent damiana leaves in the compost heap or garbage can.
Include a teaspoon of pure, raw honey to sweeten the damiana tea, if wanted, however do not utilize granulated or refined sugar, as this can damage the helpful residential or commercial properties of the tea.
Garnish the damiana tea with a lemon wedge for additional flavor, if preferred, and beverage instantly. Optionally, you can add 1/2 teaspoon of lemon juice.
Include other enjoyable tasting herbs such as mint or lemon balm to your damiana tea if you discover the taste too strong.
Do not take damiana tea if you are diabetic. It can cause the blood sugar level to spike, leading to harmful side effects. Avoid damiana tea if you are pregnant. Although there is no evidence that it can cause damage, the effects on the fetus are unidentified, and it is constantly much better to be safe than sorry. (9 ).
Damiana tea advantages
The most notable health benefits of damiana tea may include its impacts on fertility, libido, gastrointestinal health and energy levels, among others. The flavonoids discovered in this tea have the ability to provide your body a significant boost, and these stimulant qualities are likewise understood to assist increase libido and overcome frigidity. The results that the tea can have on the hormones is indisputable, and not only can it assist to improve fertility, but can also manage menstruation and avoid a number of the common signs of that monthly cycle. (10 ).
Adverse effects of damiana
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergy: hives; problem breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop utilizing damiana and call your doctor at once if you have:.
- A seizure (convulsions);
- Trouble breathing;
- Fever, nausea, vomiting;
- Changes in your mental status (agitation, worry, worry, confusion, hallucinations);
- Difficulty swallowing, excessive saliva, drooling;
- Loss of motion in any part of your body; or
- Uncomfortable muscle spasms or uncontrolled muscle motion.
This is not a total list of adverse effects and others may take place. Call your doctor for medical guidance about negative effects. (11 ).
How to take damiana tea?
Damiana can be taken as a tea up to three times a day. Prepare approximately 1 teaspoon (6-12 g) of damiana dried leaves in a mug of boiling water, leave to brew for 10 minutes before drinking. You can likewise take it in capsule or liquid extract kind. The proper dose can depend upon a number of elements such as age, body composition and existence of any other conditions. As with many herbal remedies, it is best to work with a functional doctor or naturopath to assist you identify which is best for your needs. (12 ).
These days, you can discover dried damiana leaves in tea bags and capsules. It’s likewise sold in casts, both alcoholic and alcohol-free. Smoking cigarettes and inhaling damiana leaves is possible however not encouraged.
Pregnant and nursing moms must not consume damiana, nor should people with liver problems. In high doses, damiana is said to trigger hallucinations. If you experience hallucinations while taking damiana, keep calm and get medical aid as rapidly as possible.
Read the label on your damiana preparation for dose directions. A general guide is to take 2 to 4 grams or less of dried damiana in tea or capsule type with meals, three times a day. Individual experiences will vary, however hallucinations have actually been reported at dosages of 200 g.
Damiana has actually been offered as an active ingredient called “spice,” present in some organic mixes that mimic the effects of marijuana. States vary on the legality these blends, but damiana is legal everywhere in the united states except louisiana. (13 ).
Do not take damiana without medical advice if you are utilizing any of the following medications:.
Insulin or oral diabetes medicine.
This list is not total. Other drugs might connect with damiana, consisting of prescription and non-prescription medications, vitamins, and natural items. Not all possible interactions are noted in this product guide. (14 ).
Scientific literature and research declare that damiana and its leaves are among the best supplements for enhancing sexual performance.
There are almost no or very little side effects reported against damiana. There are likewise no proven drug interactions with this herb.
In case of an overdose, you might pass loose stools because of the herb’s laxative result.
If you are pregnant or preparation on conception, stay away from damiana because it is a powerful emmenagogue. Damiana can cause menstruation in ladies.
It may lead to abortion or a stillborn if you did not refrain from the supplementation. Please consult your physician about taking this organic medicine in any case. (15 ).
Investigation of the cytotoxic homes of t. Diffusa exposed considerable impacts for different apolar extracts against the myeloma cell lines mm1s, u266 and nci-h929. Organized examination of the active extracts by uhplc resulted in the decrease of the complex metabolite to a range of possible candidates, which were subsequently isolated. Of these substances, naringenin and apigenin 7-o-( 4 ″- o-p-e-coumaroyl)- glucoside were recognized as two components responsible for the observed activity. The cytotoxicity of naringenin is in line with previous findings, if nevertheless, observed for other cell lines.up to the very best of our understanding, compound 4 is referred to as cytotoxic for the very first time. However, its aglycone apigenin has been discovered active against cancer cell lines before. Surprisingly, only one of the two tested apigenin coumaroyl glucosides (substances 3 and 4) revealed activity in the conducted assays, suggesting steric results to play a pivotal role for the cytotoxicity of these substances.
Furthermore, the present study describes the very first verified uhplc-dad method for the quantification of phenolic constituents in t. Diffusa. The established assay allows the quantitation of eight flavonoids in both, the herb and the conventional preparation of t. Diffusa, and combined to mass spectrometry offers information on the abundance of another 5 flavonoids taking place in hydroethanolic damiana extracts. (16 ).
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