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Birch sap, birch water or birch juice is the sap straight tapped from birch trees, betula pubescens (white birch), betula pendula (silver birch), betula lenta, betula papyrifera, and betula fontinalis.
Birch sap may be taken in both fresh and naturally fermented. When fresh, it is a clear and uncoloured liquid, typically slightly sweet with a somewhat silky texture. After two to three days, the sap starts fermenting and the taste becomes more acidic.
Birch sap is a conventional beverage in boreal and hemiboreal regions of the northern hemisphere as well as parts of northern china. 
Of russian origin: birch juice
Beryozovy sok (birch juice) is the sap from a birch tree. It is a water-like sweet liquid. It’s the only kind of juice in russia that is venerated in tunes about the love of the motherland. The ancient slavs worshipped various pagan gods. And birch was among the most sacred trees. At that time it was prohibited to take the juice out of the tree for regular use– it was to be saved for rituals. However after the intro of christianity the restriction slowly disappeared. And individuals started to collect birch nectar for everyday requirements.
Gathering birch juice
To collect the sap you need to go to the birch grove, of course. The only time you can get the juice is during the 20 day period from the middle of march to the start of april– that’s when the core of the tree is filled with juice. Throughout some winters this period may be reduced to 10-12 days. Because of melting snow it is essential to wear rubber boots– otherwise one can get soaked.
There’s no other way to do it– the only time you can collect the juice is throughout the 20 day duration from the middle of march to the start of april– that’s when the core of the tree is filled with juice. During some winters this period might be lowered to 10-12 days.
So, when in the grove you need to take these 5 actions to get the birch juice:.
- Connect the bottle to the tree
- Drill a hole into the trunk
- Insert a tube into a hole and put its end into the bottle
When it’s done, take the bottle and don’t forget to state “thank you” (this is what some experienced individuals do) due to the fact that you’ll have to concern the same tree to request the juice again.
Specialists say that a little birch can produce up to 5 liters of juice daily. However you’ve got to make sure that you have actually done no harm to the tree– your cuts have to be little. The other guidelines are:.
- Never ever select young trees for juice collection
- When gathering the juice from a branch, bandage it.
Fresh birch sap can be preserved for 5-6 days at most. There are 2 methods to maintain it: if you do it at home, you freeze it. In factories you need to pasteurize it – this slows the growth of microorganisms. If the juice is maintained for a long time its taste might end up being distorted.
The rate for birch sap varies in many nations. In japan it can reach the equivalent of 70 u.s. dollars per liter. However in ussr it was produced on a mass scale. That’s why it was the cheapest juice to buy – it cost 7 or eight kopecks for a 250ml glass (a glass of tomato juice, for instance, utilized to cost from 10 to 12 kopecks). It was also sold in 3-liter jars. There was never ever a scarcity of birch juice– as held true with meat and dairy products. This produced chatter about the absence of authenticity of the juice– people joked that the birch juice was just a mix of water, sugar and lemon acid– which was never the case.
But at the end of the 1980s birch juice ended up being a rarity in stores. The reason– the terrible nuclear disaster at the chernobyl power plant in northern ukraine, one of the essential locations of juice collection. Hazardous clouds triggered acid rains in other “juicy” locations in european russia, which led to the removal of mass production.
Now birch juice is being revived into custom thanks to body-builders and physical fitness instructors as it consists of sugars, proteins, amino acids and enzymes– the crucial elements that assist you remain fit. It’s likewise good for the stomach. The rate for a 1.5 liter bottle for physical fitness functions has to do with 5 euros.
At the beginning of the 1970s a popular folk-rock group from belarus called “pesnyary” taped a track called “birch juice.” In the ballad, a man who needs to work outside the ussr for the good of the motherland recalls a minute from his youth when he drank birch juice. He wishes to return home as rapidly as possible to delight in the taste of this sweet revitalizing beverage. Thanks to this song the juice– like the birch itself– ended up being a sign of the love of the motherland. 
The next huge thing: birch sap
Do you keep in mind the rise of coconut water?
It happened so suddenly, now, you can’t go to any supermarket, huge box or mama ‘n pop, without seeing a bottle.
Coconut water boasts a number of health advantages, consisting of a hydrating properties, a high amount of electrolytes, a low number of calories, and many, numerous, many more. A massive 2,660,000 results turn up when you google “coconut water advantages.”.
However its reign at the top of the hydration chain is gradually pertaining to an end.
Get in: birch sap.
It’s precisely what it seems like. Similar to the procedure of tapping maple trees, birch trees can be tapped as well.
Except, instead of the sticky, sweet compound that comes out of maple trees, birch tree sap is clear and reasonably neutral in taste.
Two primary varieties of birch trees are tapped– the silver birch and the north american sweet birch, and currently, it’s a big deal in eastern europe and russia.
Birch sap is slightly sweet, comparable to coconut water in its delicateness of taste.
It can just be gathered once a year, around early spring, prior to the leaves start appearing. As the sap will change in taste the later on the trees are tapped, gathering is just a brief one-month duration.
The charm of birch sap is that it leaves the birch trees unharmed, allowing them to continue growing through the remainder of the year.
What takes place during the summer season, fall, and winter is what gives birch sap its extraordinary health residential or commercial properties.
The trees soak up nutrients from the sun and soil in the summer to prepare themselves for hibernation in the fall.
During this time, they save all the nutrients in the type sap in their roots. The birch trees maintain this sap throughout the cold winter.
Then comes spring again, and the beginning of birch tree tapping season.
Birch sap is packed with a number of amino acids, minerals, enzymes, proteins, antioxidants, and vitamins.
Like coconut water, it’s got cleansing homes, making birch water an efficient option for that headache you acquired throughout your previous night out.
Birch sap is terrific in shakes, and effective as a post-workout hydrator thanks to its electrolytes. 
The birch includes natural acids, glucose, fructose, numerous enzymes and phytoncides. The sweet taste of the drink is because of the existence of sugar, its content rises to 2%.
The structure of the juice looks like a whole vitamin complex: there are vitamins c, a, e, group b.
What is useful birch sap for the body
The benefits and harms of birch sap for the health of the body are because of the special structure of the beverage, judge on your own:.
On hot days, the beverage will stimulate and quench your thirst, renew the supply of mineral salts lost throughout heavy sweating.
The birch elixir works for cigarette smokers, as well as passive ones; it removes contaminants from those who abuse alcohol.
You ought to not neglect the birch beverage after prolonged use of drugs, particularly antidepressants, statins, analgesics.
Improves the work of the digestion tract. Juice promotes the secretion of gastric juice enzymes needed for digestion.
The drink will supply effective assistance to those experiencing constipation, given that it has a laxative impact, enhances intestinal tract motility.
The beverage is exceptional for migraines and the presence of headaches.
The beverage is a great anti-inflammatory representative. Any inflammatory procedures will pass if you begin drinking a healthy drink every day throughout the season.
In the xii century, european therapists knew that juice completely eliminates hazardous substances from the liver and kidneys.
Edema brought on by impaired kidney function will pass – the juice is a diuretic. The body will be cleaned of little stones, sand in the gallbladder and kidneys. Important: clients with kidney illness can drink juice just with the permission of a medical professional.
Birch sap is a good treatment for anemia, provides strength and favorably affects the structure of the blood.
In addition, with the help of a healing agent, badly recovery wounds, some skin diseases (psoriasis), and boils have actually long been treated. They were dealt with for colds, filling the body with vitamins and anti-inflammatory substances.
The use of juice – conventional medication dishes
How and how much to drink birch sap to benefit health and keep the body in good condition?
Angina, cough. Consume a slightly warm birch beverage mixed with milk and starch. Till total healing, it is enough to take a glass a day.
Inflammatory procedure in the mouth. Take juice in your mouth and hold it for a while. Do not hesitate to spoil your tooth enamel – unlike other juices, birch juice has really few acids, teeth are safe.
Persistent runny nose. Drink a glass of birch a day.
Skin diseases: eczema, lichen, boils. Consume juice routinely, apply compresses to problem areas.
Wounds and long-term non-healing ulcers, abrasions. Treat the wound with fresh birch sap, and it will rapidly heal, thanks to the injury healing and anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties of the remedy.
In the season of spring anxiety and blues, you need to drink a glass of juice every day and your state of mind will improve much.
If you wish to clean the liver and kidneys on your own – drink a glass of juice daily before breakfast, take a course of treatment at 6 weeks.
Heat. Mix birch, a little red wine, add sugar and carefully sliced lemon. Drink a fresh beverage, however instilled for 3 months in a dark location, it will work a lot more efficiently – prepare the medication beforehand.
Birch sap for women
Wish to have strong, shiny hair? Wash after washing with tree sap, in addition, get rid of dandruff.
From falling hair, a self-made birch lotion with the addition of a spoonful of honey to a glass of drink will help. Rub into hair roots before cleaning during collecting season.
Include a little ridge and a decoction of burdock roots to the juice and make an excellent mask for hair loss.
With the very first signs of aging, begin consuming birch beverage regularly. This recipe has long been understood to ladies in the scandinavian nations and clean fine wrinkles every day.
From blackheads, a mask of juice, honey and egg white. If you want to take preventive measures against a rash, simply wipe the skin with juice in the early morning and evening.
The juice can be utilized to make recovery ice that are extremely advantageous for skin care. Clean issue skin, décolleté and neck – they will certainly say thank you!
Little wrinkles can be overcome in another method: take the rubbed sea buckthorn, the skin of the face enjoys it, add grown wheat germ and dilute it with birch sap.
Dry skin can be helped by making a mask of juice and honey.
Birch sap – a storehouse of health
One of these natural products that you need to pay attention to is the sap, which is obtained from european white birch, which is widespread throughout our area. This tree has a number of beneficial qualities, which is why our distant forefathers valued it so much.
Fresh birch sap is a real treasure trove of minerals, sugars, organic compounds that enhance health and enhance wellness. The juice, which is obtained from plants in early spring (late march – early april), contains a large quantity of substances crucial for the tree, which are likewise beneficial for people.
The structure of fresh birch sap, or birch, includes – minerals (potassium, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper); vitamins (primarily c and group b); enzymes, natural substances (citric acid, tannins, tannins, flavonoids, betulin) and sugars (fructose).
How to drink birch sap and how it is useful
The methodical use of juice (2-3 times a day for 1/4 cup) for 2-3 weeks has a positive impact on the functioning of the kidneys and urinary system (aids with urolithiasis), cleans the body of toxic substances, reduces the level of “bad” cholesterol, and likewise reinforces the body immune system. In addition, routine drinking of birch improves skin, adds shine to hair. Due to its advantageous structure, the juice is suggested throughout the healing duration after disease, for older people or those who are damaged (for instance, with anemia).
Safe “birch” sugar – xylitol
The sugars consisted of in birch sap are quickly digested and do not impact the level of insulin in the body. This residential or commercial property was valued by pharmacists and produced a natural medicine for people with diabetes. Birch sugar (xylitol) is formed during the production of xylose (wood sugar), which belongs to the hemicelluloses that comprise the bark and wood.
Xylitol is advised as a natural sweetener not just for diabetics, however likewise for obese individuals, as it has a lower glycemic index than other types of sugars (sugar beet juice, sucrose). Unlike white sugar, xylitol does not cause dental caries, but rather prevents its occurrence, given that it has antimicrobial residential or commercial properties.
Xylitol, which is beneficial to humans, can be dangerous to animals. Therefore, pets should not be offered items containing birch sap.
How to collect birch sap
To experience the full benefits of birch sap, you can buy it in organic food stores. And you can assemble it yourself, due to the fact that it’s not such an uphill struggle. Sap circulation starts in the second half of march – april. A middle-aged tree growing far from roadways, cities, contaminated locations is suitable for gathering juice. It is good if it remains in the forest or in your own summer home.
Your actions will not trigger substantial harm to the tree, if only you comply with the most crucial condition – no more than 3-5 liters of juice can be gathered from one 20-year-old tree, moreover, an optimum of 1 liter is enabled per day.
In order to gather the juice, in a tree trunk with a size of at least 25 cm (at a height of roughly 1.5 m), make a small (1-2 cm) incision, into which position a glass tube, plastic pipe or a small chute. Attach a bottle or other glass container (jar) under the tube into which the juice will stream.
There is a less invasive, but more durable way – cut a branch of medium density and fix a plastic bottle in place of the cut, in which the streaming juice will build up.
If you have actually chosen the technique of collecting juice through the hole, remember that after the end of the “donor” procedure, you require to thoroughly close the cut with a wooden wedge and cover the place of “damage” with garden pitch, which will allow the injury to heal faster and not doom the tree to abundant loss of juice and infection with harmful microorganisms.
How to prepare birch sap
It is best to use birch sap fresh, then its worth as a strengthened beverage is the highest, however if this is not possible, it can be saved in the refrigerator and consumed within 3-4 days. And you can prepare it for the winter. 1 glass of healing drink daily will offset the absence of vitamins in the body, which we experience in the cold season.
Birch sap with orange
You will require: for a 3-liter – half an orange, 150 g of sugar, 1 tsp. Citric acid.
Cooking. Wash and sterilize the jars in any way convenient for you. Dry. Put an orange in a hot jar, pour sugar and lemon. Heat the juice (remove the resulting foam), however do not bring to a boil in order to protect the beneficial substances as much as possible. Fill the jar with hot juice. Roll up the lids.
Birch kvass with the taste of lollipops
You will require: for 2.5 liters of fresh birch sap – 1/2 tablespoon. Sugar, a handful of raisins, 3 pieces of lemon and orange and 2-3 candies “barberry” or “duchess”. They will include flavor.
Cooking. Wash and dry the raisins. Filter the collected birch sap through 2-3 layers of gauze. Pour out a percentage of juice, heat somewhat, dissolve sugar and sweet in it. Mix with the remaining juice, pour it into a 3-liter bottle (or jar), where it will ferment. Put the raisins, cut a couple of slices of orange and lemon. Cover the neck of the jar with a piece of fabric or gauze and place in a warm location for about 3-5 days to ferment. After fermentation, store kvass in the fridge.
If you are unsure that the birch sap from the shop is natural and healthy, begin gathering a living natural “elixir” with your own hands, and by preparing a rejuvenating beverage with a small sourness on its basis, you will feel that spring has actually finally entered its own!
All of us keep in mind the taste of birch sap from youth – so fresh, sweetish. In the ussr, it was collected on an industrial scale and sold in stores in the same way as apple or apricot.
Today, the collection of birch sap is a specific matter, personal traders are taken part in it and it is rather challenging to buy this drink. But, if you want to collect important birch sap, you can do it yourself, the main thing is to know where, how and when it is done properly.
Is it worth it?
It contains a substantial amount of various micronutrient and other chemicals required by the body during the period of spring beriberi. Additionally, they are all natural and will bring more benefits than artificial multivitamin preparations from a drug store.
Nevertheless, you need to keep in mind about some contraindications to the use of a birch beverage.
Composition and calories
The benefit of this beverage depends on its special composition.
Organic acids are essential for normal acid-base balance in the body. They offer the absorption of nutrients, while eliminating contaminants and toxic substances.
Phytoncides are designed to disinfect unsafe infections and germs that can cause diseases of the respiratory system.
Fructose in the structure of natural juice gives energy, glucose participates in metabolic processes, and likewise promotes heart activity.
Important oils, discovered in birch beverage, have an advantageous effect on the nerve system and psycho-emotional state of a person. In addition, these compounds have a bactericidal result. They can hurt the body throughout lactation, along with a tendency to allergic reactions.
Saponins are components that impact the absorption of different compounds by the body, and likewise favorably impact the hormone background. Researchers believe that saponins can act as a cancer avoidance.
The birch item consists of tannins, which help to lower the excretory function of the gastrointestinal system. Routine consumption of such a liquid causes a slowdown in intestinal peristalsis and an improvement in the absorption of numerous nutrients.
In addition, the composition of birch sap consists of different minerals. For instance:.
- Potassium is accountable for the work of the muscles, the cardiovascular system. The continuous use of such a treatment is the avoidance of persistent tension.
- Calcium makes sure the functioning of the thyroid gland, pancreas, pituitary gland.
- Sodium regulates the activity of the nerve system, along with the musculoskeletal system. In addition, this compound is defined by a vasodilating property.
- Copper has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant results. The advantage of this substance is that it guarantees the proper functioning of the digestive system, in addition to the endocrine glands.
- Iron is thought about a multifunctional substance. It keeps oxygen in the blood, promotes the elimination of carbon dioxide, cleans the liver of harmful compounds.
- Likewise, aluminum, silicon, manganese, titanium and others were discovered in the item.
- The calorie material of juice differs depending on the tree itself. So, it can be from 9 to 21 kcal per 100 ml of liquid. This enables you to use the drink in the diet.
As currently mentioned, birch sap contains potassium and magnesium, which are accountable for the proper functioning of the heart and circulatory system. Therefore, the beverage works for people struggling with heart pathologies, in addition to after a stroke or cardiac arrest.
Beneficial birch elements are often included in various medications that reduce the development of cancer. This is because of the ability of enzymes to prevent blood circulation to cancer cells, consequently promoting the process of self-destruction of the neoplasm.
The methodical intake of juice helps to cleanse the blood, the production of red cell. It is useful to consume such a beverage with severe intoxication, acute respiratory and persistent infections.
The advantage of the product depends on the content of a number of vitamins from the b-group. They have a helpful impact on the emotional health of a person. Therefore, to remove the symptoms of tension and depression, it is enough to drink some juice before going to bed.
If there is no specific intolerance, you need to take such a drink in moderation. This will help enhance the body immune system, increase the body’s resistance to numerous bacteria, infections and infections. As a result, it will be a lot easier for an individual to withstand the season of colds.
This plant structure is characterized by a diuretic residential or commercial property. This allows you to utilize it to fight swelling of the legs. The product promotes the fast elimination of excess fluid from the body, improving the functioning of the urinary system. The very same qualities of the beverage make it possible to use it for urolithiasis.
Birch sap is shown for individuals who have pathologies of the gastrointestinal system. Throughout the remission of chronic disorders, such a beverage is considered a genuine find, given that it safeguards the mucous membranes and enhances the process of food digestion.
Saponins prevent the deposition of cholesterol plaques in the blood vessels, for that reason, such a liquid is the avoidance of atherosclerosis.
Due to the presence of natural sugars in the structure of the drink, represented by fructose and glucose, which are responsible for mental activity and great mood, it is useful to drink juice for those whose work is related to stress on the brain.
Birch sap will help get rid of bad breath, acting as a prophylactic for oral diseases. Fresh works to drink to strengthen the gums, with stomatitis and caries.
A drink of plant origin has a variety of positive properties that are of great benefit to the human body. The item normalizes metabolic processes, which leads to weight-loss. The juice likewise helps to improve the health of the hair, dermis and nail plates.
Remarkably, birch sap can be consumed in large amounts without fear of negative effects. This is because of the reality that the drink does not irritate the mucous membranes of the stomach. So, even with an ulcer, it is recommended to consume a little of this useful item.
Birch beverage helps to lower high blood pressure by getting rid of excess fluid from the body and getting rid of edema. In addition, the normalization of pressure indicators is also made sure due to the truth that such juice increases the level of hemoglobin.
Juice is used in the treatment of tonsillitis, pneumonia. Urologists recommend utilizing it as an anti-inflammatory and diuretic as part of the complex therapy of pathologies of the genitourinary system. 
Should you be drinking birch water?
The other day’s carbonated water is today’s coconut water is tomorrow’s … birch tree sap?
Birch water, a waterlike sap tapped from birch trees, is the current beverage to sign up with an alternative water market that accounted for about $2.7 billion in sales worldwide in 2016, according to food and beverage consultancy firm zenith international.
The lure of the a little sweet drink is its mineral material, in addition to its lower-sugar material than coconut water, stated john kavchak, the co-founder and director of sapp, a chicago- and new york-based business that offers birch water in the u.s.
” it’s arguably the lowest-sugar plant-based drink,” he stated of birch water. “it’s abundant in minerals and antioxidants, and it’s been used for centuries in scandinavia and eastern europe as a natural source of detox.”.
Birch water includes a high level of manganese, a mineral that helps blood glucose policy and bone structure through calcium absorption, according to the university of maryland medical center. Manganese belongs of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase, an enzyme that assists combat naturally happening totally free radicals that “can harm cell membranes and dna,” according to the university.
Kavchak fasts to explain that birch water isn’t a wonder tonic, however.
” i like to say it’s more than routine water, but it’s just an addition to your drinking celebrations,” he stated. “We’re not attempting to offer this as medication. Our objective is to offer a drink that is hydrating and has health advantages.”.
Though birch water contains 5 times the amount of manganese as kale, according to sapp, its cost point– $3.49 per bottle of sapp and more than $40 for a 12-pack of byarozavik on amazon– is something to consider, said kristin a.r. gustashaw, an advanced-level scientific dietitian at rush university medical center.
” As far as the fantastic qualities of birch water, it’s really very little different than what you can get in oats,” gustashaw stated. “When you take a look at the cost of a serving of birch water versus the cost of a cup of oats, oats are a portion of expense. You can get the very same or a comparable quantity of manganese from oats at an estimate of 20 or 21 cents versus $3.50 for the very same amount of manganese. It’s an expensive source of one nutrient that they’re promoting.”.
A large part of that cost originates from the procedure of tapping and preserving birch sap, which can end within days if not taken care of, kavchak stated. There is just a three- or four-week period in april when the trees can be tapped, he said.
Not all tree waters are the same. Maple water shares resemblances with birch water but has a various mineral profile and a higher natural sugar material while doing not have birch water’s trace amounts of xylitol, a natural sugar alcohol that can assist prevent tooth decay by inhibiting the development of streptococcus mutans, a bacteria that causes cavities, according to the california oral association. And byarozavik, for instance, includes organic walking stick sugar to its birch water.
While sapp’s initial flavor does not have ingredients other than less than 1 percent of citric acid, the business offers birch water seasoned with nettle and increased hip, which respectively support kidney operating and the body immune system.
Those additives can become too much of a good thing if you’re not cautious, gustashaw stated, and could present a risk for pregnant ladies and people taking high blood pressure medication.
” rose hip is a great source of vitamin c, however there is possible harm in excessive quantities,” she said. “once you take a vitamin, any vitamin, in a megadose, it’s considered a drug. If it’s being used at a restorative level, it can throw off your metabolic process. And for something like water, depending upon what your water is fortified with, it might become an issue. Water is an excellent thing, however even water needs to be in the best dosing for our bodies.”.
Gustashaw said she isn’t cautious of birch water as much as she cautions that no “very beverage” is extremely.
” i’ve never ever seen a manganese deficiency in 20 years of practice,” she said. “however i try to focus individuals on a whole food principle and not on a particular vitamin or supplement. Frequently, americans are short in their diets, so if individuals are getting a little additional, that’s fine. We just don’t want to over-supplement our bodies.” 
What is the difference between birch juice and birch sap?
Birch sap or birch water is the liquid acquired from the drain of birch trees through the bark. The harvesting of the sap is generally done from completion of february to mid-march. It is a healthy and natural product of terrific quality.
Birch juice is a concentrate obtained from the decoction of birch leaves. It is more affordable than birch sap.
Birch juice and sap have the same slendering effects. Likewise, birch water is much richer in micronutrient and minerals. 
When taken by mouth: birch is possibly safe for the majority of adults when taken by mouth for brief periods of time. It can trigger allergies in some people.
When applied to the skin: birch is perhaps safe for the majority of grownups when applied to the skin for brief periods of time. It can trigger allergies in some individuals. 
Unique preventative measures and cautions
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: there is not enough trustworthy details about the security of taking birch if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid usage.
Allergy to wild carrot, mugwort, celery, and other spices: birch pollen may trigger allergies in people who are sensitive to wild carrot, mugwort, and celery. This has been called the “celery-carrot-mugwort-spice syndrome.” Birch pollen may likewise cause allergic reactions in people who are sensitive to specific other plants, including apples, soybeans, hazelnuts, and peanuts.
High blood pressure: there is some concern that birch leaf might increase the amount of salt (sodium) that the body keeps, and this can make high blood pressure even worse. 
What other drugs engage with birch?
If your physician has actually directed you to utilize this medication, your medical professional or pharmacist may currently know any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or alter the dosage of any medication before talking to your doctor, healthcare provider or pharmacist first.
Birch has no known extreme, serious, or moderate interactions with other drugs.
Moderate interactions of birch consist of:.
- Ethacrynic acid
- Triamterene 
The bottom line
Birch water is stemmed from the sap of birch trees and provides various minerals and antioxidants.
You can purchase commercial birch water in stores or online, but keep in mind that some brand names may sugarcoat and artificial tastes. As such, it’s best to thoroughly read the item label.