Ylang Ylang Oil

A fragrant asian tree, cananga odorata (or canangium odoratum), with aromatic greenish-yellow flowers yielding an unpredictable oil: family annonaceae, the oil obtained from this tree, utilized in perfumery. [1]

Table of Contents

Introduction

Ylang ylang oil is made from the flowers of the herb cananga odorata genuina.

Individuals apply ylang oil to the skin to promote relaxation, kill germs, lower high blood pressure, and boost libido. It is also part of a mix spray used to kill head lice.

The smell of ylang oil in aromatherapy is used for memory and thinking skills.

In foods and drinks, ylang oil is utilized as a flavoring.

In production, it is utilized as a fragrance for cosmetics and soaps. [2]

History of ylang necessary oil

Historically, ylang has been used in both the east and the west. In the philippines, where the flowers grow naturally, therapists have used this oil in ointments to deal with cuts, burns, and insect and snake bites. In the molucca islands, individuals utilized the oil as the main ingredient in macassar oil, a hair pomade which later on became popular in victorian england. In indonesia, the flowers are spread out on the bed of newlywed couples as they are thought about to be an aphrodisiac.

At the start of the twentieth-century, french chemists discovered numerous medical purposes for the oil. It ended up being an efficient treatment for a variety of diseases consisting of malaria, typhus, and digestive tract infections. In both eastern and western medication, the oil was also used for its relaxing homes, helping to soothe the impacts that stress, anxiety, and distress can have on the heart.

Today, ylang essential oil is still used for its health benefits. Main uses include treating premenstrual syndrome (pms), insomnia, hypertension, and fast heart beat. Its soothing and peaceful properties also make it effective for dealing with stress-related disorders such as depression, anxiety, and stress. It is likewise still extensively utilized as an aphrodisiac and sexual stimulant, helping to treat problems like impotence while likewise typically promoting and supporting sexual and relationship health. [3]

Ylang ylang oil ranges and their advantages

All the varieties share an aroma that is defined by a base note with a medium fragrance. Their scents can be described as sweet, unique, and flower; however, each greater grade has a slightly less-sweet fragrance than the previous grade.

Ylang ylang necessary oil i: has the sweetest, brightest scent of the 3 grades and is finest suited to aromatherapy applications.

Ylang ylang vital oil iii: has the heaviest/darkest fragrance and is the grade finest matched to the manufacturing of fragrant soaps, candle lights, shampoos, and other bath and body products.

All ranges: have anti-depressant, aphrodisiac, blissful, and sedative properties. They are deemed to tone the worried and circulatory systems, control blood pressure, and calm heart palpitations. They balance sebum production and stabilize several other body functions. [4]

Ylang-ylang essential oil

Characteristics

The scent of ylang-ylang is abundant and deep with notes of rubber and custard, and brilliant with hints of jasmine and neroli, hence it is sometimes described as heavy, sweet, and brings a somewhat fruity flower fragrance. The necessary oil of the flower is obtained through steam distillation of the flowers and separated into different grades (extra, 1, 2, or 3) according to when the extracts are gotten. The primary fragrant components of ylang-ylang oil are benzyl acetate, linalool, p-cresyl methyl ether, and methyl benzoate, responsible for its particular odor.

Chemical constituents

Typical chemical structures of the different grades of ylang-ylang vital oil are reported as:.

  • Linalool
  • Germacrene
  • Geranyl acetate
  • Caryophyllene
  • P-cresyl methyl ether
  • Methyl benzoate
  • Sesquiterpenes [5]

Distillation of ylang-ylang

Ylang-ylang blossoms in all seasons round the year however the peak time comes just after the rainy ones. The petals of the flowers change from light green to deep yellow and bear a crimson mark in the middle which is an indication that the flower is ripe.

Its flowers are highly fragile. They require instant distillation after selecting near the plantations. Important oils are drawn out through steam distillation of the flowers. To start the distillation just soon after picking, the stills stay ready, heated, smoking, and waiting on the fresh petals of the flowers.

An unique fragmented distillation procedure is followed which is extremely sluggish and lasts almost 24 hours. Ylang-ylang flowers are exceptionally abundant in amazing fragrant oils that exceed all other flowers. Just 50 kg of flowers is enough to acquire 1 kilo of oil, while nearly 4000 kg of increased petals are required to produce 1 kilo of rose oil.

The distillation process is fragmented into 4 consecutive grades and each grade produces unique quality oil which has a specific usage. These grades are called additional, initially, 2nd, and 3rd.

The extra and first grades hold the greatest density which lessens in the next second and third grades. The extra and very first grades are typically reserved for usage in the production of high-end natural fragrances and the 2nd and 3rd grades are normally used to produce home and appeal care scents. A mix of all grades called the “complete” essential oil is generally used in aromatherapy.

The quality of the essential oils gathered in the distillation procedure depends on the control of all fractionated criteria. The aromatic profile of the vital oil varies based on its origin. For example, madagascar ylang-ylang is bright and airy, whereas comoro is heady, flower, and slightly smoky. [6]

Nutritional worth of ylang oil

Let have a look at the nutrition realities about ylang oil, it includes methyl benzoate – 34.00% 4-methylanisole – 19.82% benzyl benzoate – 18.97% isocaryophyllene – 9.28% germacrene d – 8.15% alpha-farnesene – 2.73% linalyl acetate – 2.11% alpha-caryophyllene – 2.04% copaene – 1.65% cadinene – 1.25%. [7]

How is ylang collected?

Extremely sustainable, its cultivation supplies work for the farmers of lots of cooperatives who thoroughly select the delicate golden blossoms by hand, filling their baskets to abundance ready for extraction.

To make sure the highest healing and fragrant yield, the ylang flowers need to be selected in the early hours of the morning prior to sunrise when the volume of oil molecules are most plentiful within the petals.

As soon as the sun increases and heightens in the latter parts of the day, the oil particles move from the petals and return back into the tree to secure versus dehydration — a defence mechanism the tree has naturally developed over millennia.

Within an hour of the harvest, the flower heads are placed into a tank called a still, where water is warmed and passed through at pressure, enabling the aromatic particles to burst out of the delicate petals and combine with steam, rising to the highest point of the tank.

A linking chamber gathers the vapour where it cools and is gathered in a condenser tank where the steam has actually regained its water state– the aromatic necessary oils being heavier than the water separate and float on the surface ready to be syphoned away and bottled ready for use.

To create just 1.5 litres of ylang necessary oil it needs approximately 100 kilos of ylang flowers.

Does the distillation process impact the concentration of the vital oil?

The steam extraction of the ylang crop is distilled in fractions and repeated up to an additional 4 times with pressurised steam, comparable to making several cups of tea with the same tea bag. Every additional distillation produces a decreasing activity of necessary oils.

The very first distillation supplies the greatest concentration of fragrant particles, referred to as ylang extra. This yield boasts the most powerful floral fragrance and therapeutic properties creating the best essential oil for perfumers.

In fact, ylang additional is one of the key oils utilized within the iconic chanel no. 5, carefully picked for its extremely fragrant, rich, seductive scent, which is loved by millions. Additional extractions such as ylang 1– 3 supply slowly decreasing yields matched to aromatherapists while still supplying significant advantages.

Ylang 3 has a significantly subtler fragrance, making it ideal for those who want to use the restorative advantages of the oil but not work with the intense heavy fragrance which ylang additional boasts. [8]

Utilizes

Ylang ylang has actually been found in research to:.

  • Boost state of mind
  • Minimize depression
  • Ease anxiety
  • Lower high blood pressure
  • Decline heart rate
  • Promote oil production in the skin and on the scalp
  • Push back flying bugs and eliminate bug larvae

Some individuals use ylang as an aphrodisiac and for sexual stimulation, although its benefits in this area are mainly anecdotal.

Ylang ylang likewise has a history of use as a traditional, organic treatment for conditions such as:.

  • Stomach distress
  • Rheumatism
  • Gout
  • Malaria
  • Headache
  • Pneumonia [9]

Benefits of ylang vital oil

May help reduce stress and anxiety

A study has actually revealed that this important oil has a relaxing impact and helps in lowering stress and anxiety and enhancing self-confidence. Another study had actually revealed that ylang oil eases stress and helps lower anxiety. The research study was based upon physiological specifications, such as changes in skin temperature level, pulse rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure. The vital oil could considerably lower both the skin temperature level in addition to blood pressure. This eventually made the topics feel relaxed.

Ylang ylang oil might also have an effect on cognitive functions. Although research is limited, the oil has been observed to improve calmness in human volunteers. Nevertheless, ylang-ylang oil was also found to reduce memory in some patients.

May have antimicrobial homes

Ylang ylang includes an antibacterial and antifungal substance called linalool. The necessary oil also exhibits an antimicrobial activity towards staphylococcus aureus strains. A blend of ylang-ylang and thyme necessary oils revealed a synergistic result on microbial infections. More research studies are required to even more understand the antimicrobial homes of ylang-ylang important oil.

May assist lower high blood pressure

Ylang ylang important oil, when absorbed by the skin, might help lower high blood pressure. The oil might help manage high blood pressure. A research study on an experimental group that inhaled a mix of important oils with ylang-ylang reported having lower levels of tension and blood pressure. In yet another study, ylang necessary oil aroma was found to reduce both systolic and diastolic high blood pressure levels.

May have anti-inflammatory effects

Ylang ylang important oil includes isoeugenol, a compound known for its anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties. The substance might also help in reducing oxidative stress. This process might ultimately decrease the danger of chronic illness, such as cancer or cardiovascular disorders.

May assistance in injury healing

Studies on skin fibroblast cells reported that necessary oils, consisting of ylang-ylang, have anti-proliferative homes. The important oil also hindered tissue improvement, suggesting a potential wound recovery residential or commercial property. Isoeugenol is a compound in ylang important oil. It has actually been reported that isoeugenol accelerates injury healing in diabetic mice.

May serve as an aphrodisiac

Ylang ylang essential oil is traditionally utilized to embellish the beds of newlyweds in indonesia for its soothing and aphrodisiac nature. The scientific proof behind this claim is limited.

May assist treat rheumatism and gout

Traditionally, ylang oil has been used to deal with rheumatism and gout. There are no clinical studies to back this claim, however. Ylang ylang includes isoeugenol. Isoeugenol (extracted from clover oil) was discovered to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. In fact, isoeugenol has actually been suggested as an antiarthritic treatment in mice studies.

May assist fight malaria

Research studies have actually backed the standard use of ylang in treating malaria. A vietnamese research study group has actually discovered that the oil has or anti-malarial activity. However, further studies are required to establish the function of ylang as an alternative treatment for malaria.

May improve skin and hair health

Generally, ylang has actually been used in skin take care of treating acne. It has actually been reported that it can prevent the activity of germs responsible for causing acne.

Although scientific proof is limited, ylang oil has been used in numerous cosmetic skin care items. The oil is a common component discovered in lots of business skin and hair care products. It is used in creams, perfumes, massage oils, and hydrating creams.

It is claimed to have a moisturizing effect on dry skin and improve the regeneration of skin cells. The oil might also reduce fine lines and wrinkles. It might promote a healthy scalp through aromatherapy. It may invigorate the scalp and potentially decrease hair fall. Traditionally, the oil was utilized for its anti-sebum residential or commercial properties. Nevertheless, there is no research study to show it yet.

May help relax bladder muscles

Animal studies have actually shown that ylang necessary oil might assist unwind the bladder muscles. Rats with overactive bladders were found to experience relief with ylang oil.

These were a few of the health advantages of ylang vital oil. The oil can also be used in a couple of other methods. We will explore them in the next section. [10]

How to use ylang oil?

Ylang ylang oil benefits in more ways than one. It can be utilized in several methods, if only you know how to mix the ideal ingredients together and utilize them for its different benefits. Let us chart that out in a more detailed kind for you:.

As an anti-ageing massage oil

All you need are a few drops of ylang oil and a tablespoon of carrier oil, preferably coconut oil or jojoba oil. Apply it on your face in mild, rubbing motions. It makes the skin soft and flexible, and works as a great anti-ageing item.

As a bath salt

Everyone wishes to unwind and soak into fragrant bath water every so often. You can do that while availing ylang oil benefits. Simply take 10-15 drops of ylang oil, mix it with 10 drops of lavender vital oil, 10 drops of geranium important oil and around 1-2 cups of epsom salt. This dish is great in dealing with sleeping disorders and it helps invigorate your state of mind also.

As a mosquito repellant

Well, ylang oil is likewise terrific as an insect repellant. There are studies that prove that ylang oil, when combined with coconut oil, is nearly 98% reliable versus mosquitoes. You can take a few drops of the oil, include it to pure water, and keep it in a spray bottle. There, you are now prepared to utilize it as an insect repellant!

As a mood enhancer

This is the most basic way to obtain the very best of ylang oil benefits. Just use a couple of drops of the oil on your neck and wrists. This is understood to reduce the lethargy and tiredness that comes with busy days and is likewise known to lift your spirits up.

As a conditioner

Fed up with all the hair conditioners flooding the marketplace that are packed with all those chemicals? Ylang ylang oil can concern your rescue here also. Just mix around 3 drops of the oil with 2 tablespoons of.

Jojoba oil (carrier oil). This is a conditioner that you can not just use on your hair lengths, but also on your scalp. It makes hair healthier and shinier and likewise cures dandruff. [11]

Further more

Utilizes

Aromatically: the oil can be diffused throughout your home using a diffuser or inhaled directly from the bottle.

Topically: it ought to be diluted with a provider oil like coconut oil in a 1:1 ratio prior to applying it to your skin. Constantly test for skin level of sensitivity prior to utilizing it on big or delicate locations of the skin. You can carry out a skin patch test on your arm or feet to make certain you do not experience skin sensitization. Also keep the oil out of your eyes, ears or nose and far from family pets that may respond to it badly.

Internally: just recommended for really top quality oil brand names. Inspect active ingredients thoroughly, and look for only cananga odorata flower oil. Just usage 100 percent pure, therapeutic-grade necessary oil if you prepare to make ylang tea, include a drop to water, or take it as dietary supplement (it can be combined with honey or a smoothie). It’s acknowledged as safe by the fda (21cfr182.20) when utilizing percentages internally in this way, but a therapeutic-grade oil might be difficult to discover due to labeling and marketing restrictions if you’re not cautious. Getting oil identified total or extra is your most safe best.

This oil works well with other essential oils like increased oil, lavender oil, frankincense oil, jasmine oil and bergamot oil. Depending on your condition and what you want to utilize it for, it can function as both a relaxant and a stimulant. Usage numerous drops of mixed important oils, and dilute them with a couple of drops of a provider oil.

Here are numerous combinations to attempt:.

Attempt homemade ylang ylang, frankincense and myrrh and body lotion recipe, which brings hydration and vital vitamins and nutrients to the skin. In addition, the important oils tone, lift, recover and safeguard the skin. [12]

Is ylang oil excellent during pregnancy?

Ylang ylang (cananga odorata) is the ultimate nerve system oil for moderate stress and anxiety and depression. It’s a state of mind elevator and stress reducer with a sweet, fruity odor that the majority of people like. Ylang ylang can be utilized to alleviate pregnancy stress, anxiety and insomnia when used in a diffuser or bath. It can also be used from time to time to fight pregnancy unhappiness and induce a more pleased, happy state of mind in times of stress. [13]

Ylang ylang oil: 3 reasons to add it to your hair care routine

Ylang ylang oil is known for its aromatic, floral residential or commercial properties. Originated from the yellow flower of the cananga tree, it provides its special scent to high-end fragrances. In addition, it likewise carries out well as an active ingredient in organic medication and aphrodisiac. When it comes to the necessary oil’s benefits on the hair and scalp, ylang is a powerhouse. Understood to improve hair texture and decrease damage, it is indispensable to those with dry scalp.

Here are compelling factors to include ylang oil to your hair care regimen.

It stimulates sebum production

Ylang ylang oil is a natural conditioner for dry hair.

Not enough sebum can make hair thin and breakable. Include ylang oil to your routine if you have dry hair and scalp to improve texture. Based on a research study published in the indian journal of dermatology, ylang promotes the sebaceous glands to produce more oil. This makes it a natural conditioning agent for dry hair. Always mix the important oil with a provider oil, such as jojoba, argan, or sweet almond before applying.

It increases mood and self-esteem

Studies show that ylang necessary oil decreases stress and anxiety and improves self-esteem.

Aromatherapy uses essential oils for their array of recovery properties. A 2014 study published in the national library of medication discovered that ylang oil can decrease anxiety and enhance self-confidence when applied to the skin or inhaled. In addition, another research study in the journal of korean academy of nursing discovered that it also reduces tension responses, cortisol levels, and high blood pressure.

It lowers inflammation

Various types of swelling can occur on the scalp. There’s seborrheic dermatitis, also known as dandruff. This triggers soreness, scaliness, and great deals of itching. Also, using irritating representatives on the scalp and hair can likewise lead to contact dermatitis. A 2017 research study in the nationwide institutes of health cites that ylang oil is effective at minimizing swelling. It consists of linalool, a substance with anti-bacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties.

Deal with damaged locks with ylang ylang-infused love charm and planet hope and repair shampoo and love appeal and world hope and repair conditioner. This sulfate-free duo repair work hair with hydrating virgin coconut oil and revitalizing ylang ylang. Additionally, it’s devoid of colorants, silicones, and parabens, in addition to 100% vegan.

Welcome the benefits of ylang oil for your hair by integrating it into your routine. If you’re utilizing the essential oil, constantly blend it with a provider oil prior to application. Otherwise, you can provide ylang ylang-infused products a try. [14]

What does ylang smell like?

Unique, deep and flower, the extract has leading notes of jasmine and neroli, a fruity aspect reminiscent of banana, paired with velvety custard and appetizing rubber. Normally, it’s used in womanly appeal products.

And perfumes, however it can be coupled with complementary oils to produce a more masculine fragrance– most effectively vetiver and sandalwood.

There are numerous substances in ylang which add to its abundant and distinct fragrance. Many significant is linalool, a natural alcohol whose enjoyable, flower and fresh fragrance is popular in aromatherapy, and utilized to obtain relaxation and battle feelings of anxiety. [15]

Fun realities

Ylang ylang oil is drawn out from flowers on the cananga odorata tree that is native to the philippines, malaysia, and indonesia, however likewise grows throughout the pacific islands. Residents of the molucca islands in indonesia utilized ylang as an active ingredient in their famous hair oil: macassar oil, whose popularity ultimately spread to victorian england. In 1960, when asked what she wore to bed, marilyn monroe famously responded, “chanel no. 5.” This renowned fragrance was released in 1921 and is still popular today with ylang as one of its leading notes.

The fragrance

Ylang ylang oil is clearly fragrant, but its sweet aroma is surprisingly fruity! Because of its adaptability, ylang is commonly used in perfumery and mixes well with citrus scents like grapefruit, floral aromas like lavender, and woody fragrances like sandalwood.

Here are 11 ways to take pleasure in serene ylang oil.

Appalachian sunrise diffuser blend

Awaken your senses and uplift your mood with this rejuvenating blend in your favorite aromatherapy diffuser.

Quietly pampered clarifying facial toner

  • 1 cup chamomile tea
  • 1 teaspoon witch hazel
  • 6 drops ylang oil

Brew tea, and let cool to room temperature level. Add all active ingredients to a spray bottle and shake until combined. Mist onto face or a cotton pad, and pat all over the face.

Cruising the blue lagoon body lotion

  • 1 cup odorless cream
  • 8 drops ylang oil
  • 3 drops grapefruit oil
  • 3 drops tangerine oil

Include all active ingredients to a small bowl. Mix well with a spoon, or for a whipped texture, a hand mixer. Slather onto dry skin to renew moisture, and shop in an airtight glass container.

Sun-kissed skin sugar scrub

Mix all components in a small bowl. Massage as needed onto dry arms and legs, paying very close attention to knees and elbows. Rinse with warm water and store the rest in an airtight glass container.

Cupid’s secret massage oil

  • 1/4 cup grapeseed oil
  • 6 drops ylang oil
  • 3 drops rosewood oil

Mix all active ingredients in a small bowl and rub onto arms and legs as required.

Sleeping (not-so-much) appeal face mask

Rejuvenate worn out skin by mixing all components in a little bowl, and applying to skin. Leave on for 20-30 minutes, and rinse with warm water.

The horizon of madagascar diffuser mix

  • 10 drops cedarwood oil
  • 5 drops ylang oil
  • 3 drops vanilla oil

Integrate all components in your favorite diffuser for a serene aromatherapy experience.

Queen of samoa bath salts

  • 10 drops ylang oil
  • 10 drops lavender oil
  • 10 drops lemon oil
  • 2 cups epsom salt

In a small bowl, mix all components up until integrated. Add three tablespoons to warm bath water as the tub is filling to distribute the oils. Soak and relax!

Bacon at the beach after sun gel

  • 3 tablespoons aloe vera gel
  • 1 tablespoon apricot kernel oil
  • 2 tablespoons coconut oil (melted or softened)
  • 8 drops ylang oil

Mix all ingredients in a small bowl and massage onto skin after a day in the sun.

Laka’s covert desire pulse point fragrance

Mix all ingredients and dab onto pulse points, consisting of the wrists, behind the ears, inside the elbows, and behind the knees.

Elixir of venus nighttime facial oil

After cleansing, mix all ingredients and pat onto skin for over night hydration. [16]

Negative effects of ylang-ylang oil

Ylang-ylang oil is safe according to the flavor and extract manufacturers association (fema) approved safe.

Consumption of ylang-ylang oil food flavoring agent (0.0001 mg/kg/day) generally did not represent a threat to human health therefore intake of this oil at the current level is thought about safe for human intake.

Dermal sensitization

Some reports suggested causing dermal sensitization responses in animals and people, but it is uncertain what constituent( s) within the important oil consist of the offending representative( s) and whether some ylang-ylang oils that have had a specific constituent( s) gotten rid of are any less susceptible to cause such allergic reactions.

Threat of melanosis/dermatitis

Ylang-ylang oil sometimes triggers facial melanosis and dermatitis or erythema which is because of the allergy to ylang-ylang oil thus safety measure ought to be needed. [17]

Dosing

The appropriate dosage of ylang oil depends on numerous factors such as the user’s age, health, and numerous other conditions. At this time there is insufficient clinical information to figure out a proper series of doses for ylang oil. Bear in mind that natural items are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be essential. Be sure to follow pertinent directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other health care expert prior to using. [18]

Ylang ylang important oil security information

Tisserand and young show that ylang necessary oil might present a moderate danger of skin sensitization and advise dermal maximum of 0.8%. They caution to prevent use for those with hypersensitive/diseased/damaged skin and in children younger than 2.

General security info

Do not take any oils internally and do not use pure important oils, absolutes, co2s or other focused essences onto the skin without innovative essential oil knowledge or consultation from a certified aromatherapy professional. For basic dilution information, checked out aromaweb’s guide to watering down important oils. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical issue, usage oils just under the appropriate assistance of a certified aromatherapy professional. Use severe care when utilizing oils with children and be sure to first read the advised dilution ratios for children. Seek advice from a certified aromatherapy specialist prior to using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical concerns or are taking medications. Prior to utilizing this or any essential oil, thoroughly read aromaweb’s necessary oil safety information page. For in-depth details on oil security issues, read important oil safety by robert tisserand and rodney young. [19]

Conclusion

Substantial literature study demonstrated that c. Odorata is a medicinal and aromatic plant with a large spectrum of pharmacological activities having considerable importance in agricultural and customer products industries. The constituents such as o-methylmoschatoline, liriodenine (24 ), 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, germacrene d, and β-caryophyllene have actually been acknowledged as the bioactive molecules that possess antimicrobial activities. Linalool is another compound that has been shown to display insecticidal and anti-inflammatory activities. Besides that, it has actually been experimentally shown that c. Odorata likewise have antibiofilm, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antifertility, antimelanogenesis, insect-repellent, antihyperglycemic, sedative, and unwinding homes. And in general, this review emphasizes the potential of c. Odorata to be used as brand-new restorative drugs and also provides sufficient standard information for future works and industrial exploitation. [20]

Referrals

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  4. Https://www.newdirectionsaromatics.com/blog/products/all-about-ylang-ylang-oil.html
  5. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/cananga_odorata#ylang-ylang_essential_oil
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  7. Https://www.lybrate.com/topic/benefits-of-ylang-ylang-oil-and-its-side-effects
  8. Https://professionalbeauty.co.uk/site/newsdetails/how-ylang-ylang-helps-oily-spotty-skin
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  10. Https://www.stylecraze.com/articles/benefits-of-ylang-ylang-oil/#benefits-of-ylang-ylang-essential-oil
  11. Https://www.bebeautiful.in/all-things-skin/everyday/ylang-ylang-essential-oil-benefits-and-uses#2-how-to-use-ylang-ylang-oil-
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  13. Https://natural-fertility-info.com/5-pregnancy-essential-oils.html
  14. Https://www.beautyhub.ph/lifestyle/beauty-by-nature/ylang-ylang-oil-uses/
  15. Https://www.parkscandles.com/blog/fragrance-facts-uses-and-benefits-of-ylang-ylang
  16. Https://www.puritan.com/blog/beauty-and-fitness/aromatherapy-and-essential-oils/11-uses-for-ylang-ylang-essential-oil/
  17. Https://foodthesis.com/ylang-ylang-essential-oil-health-benefits-and-side-effects/#side_effects_of_ylang-ylang_oil
  18. Https://www.rxlist.com/ylang_ylang_oil/supplements.htm#dosing
  19. Https://www.aromaweb.com/essential-oils/ylang-ylang-oil.asp
  20. Https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc4534619/
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