Sandalwood Oil

A vital oil acquired from sandalwood: such as a pale yellow rather viscous fragrant liquid gotten from a sandalwood (santalum album) and utilized primarily in perfumes and soaps. [1]


White sandalwood is an evergreen tree. The oil from the wood and the wood are utilized as medication. Don’t puzzle white sandalwood with red sandalwood.

Individuals utilize white sandalwood for the cold, bronchitis, vaginal infections, bladder infections, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

In food and drinks, white sandalwood is utilized as a flavoring.

In production, white sandalwood oil is utilized as a scent in soaps, cosmetics, and fragrances. [2]


Initially, sandalwood oil was drawn out in india by unrefined approaches. Before world war i, sandalwood from the mysore district was distilled in germany and sold there. However, when world war i broke out in 1914, this route of extraction had to be shut down, leading to a loss of income to the exchequer. Due to this closure to the market, the maharajah of mysore appointed alfred chatterton, the director of markets in mysore to establish the distillation of the oil. Chatterton employed the assistance of teachers j. J. Sudborough and h. E. Watson who extracted the very first sample of sandalwood oil in india at the indian institute of science. In 1916– 17, the sandalwood oil distillery was developed in mysore by the then mysore government (now the karnataka government) to distil oil from sandalwood. In 1977, the mysore district had about 85,000 sandalwood trees, and production reported during 1985-86 had to do with 20,000 kgs (44,000 lb) of raw sandalwood. To preserve its importance to the economy, according to the federal government gazetteer, the federal government presented special laws and regulations. In the erstwhile princely state of mysore (part of karnataka since independence), shoe was a “royal tree”, with the state government managing it.

This oil has been signed up for defense under the geographical indicator of the trade associated copyright rights (journeys) contract. In 2006, it was listed as “mysore sandalwood oil” under the gi act 1999 of the federal government of india, with registration confirmed by the controller general of patents styles and hallmarks. [3]


Sandal tree grows mainly on red, ferruginous loam overlying metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss, and endures shallow, rocky ground and stony or gravelly soils, preventing saline and calcareous scenarios. It is not discovered on the black-cotton soil. The development is opulent on rich and fairly damp soils, such as garden loam and on well-drained deep alluvium along the river banks, but the heartwood from these trees is deficient in oil. The trees grown on poor soils, particularly on stony or gravelly soil, produce more highly scented wood, providing a better yield of the oil.

It recreates from seeds distributed by birds. Germination is profuse in the forests right away after the monsoons. For synthetic regeneration, it is required to offer appropriate climatic and ecological conditions. For acquiring seeds, the fruits are collected during january– march. Germination is up to 80%. Just after the very first monsoon showers, the sandal seeds are dibbed and safeguarded by thorny bushes. The seeds germinate in about 8– 2 week. The seedlings proliferate, that is, as much as 20– 30 cm high, at the end of the very first year. [4]

Production requirements

Growing areas

Sandalwood is currently grown in western australia, queensland and the northern territory with trials being conducted in brand-new south wales, south australia and victoria.

Australian sandalwood (s. Spicatum) will grow in low rainfall areas and is not always limited by soil type, however as it needs a host tree, the growing region needs to support both the host and sandalwood trees. Trees native to the chosen location are favoured as host trees as they are much better suited and adapted to the environment. Sandalwood can be grown with water from natural rains or under irrigation, nevertheless the included expenses of irrigation need to be considered when computing possible returns. Indian sandalwood (s.album) needs watering as the rains in the north of australia is seasonal and insufficient.

Soil type

Since sandalwood is a root hemi-parasite, it needs a host tree for healthy growth. The soil type need to take into account the needs of both trees, more especially the host. Hosts will alter with soil type and hence the native trees of the region are favoured due their suitability and superior adaption.

For s. Spicatum, the preferred soil key in the western australian wheatbelt is a sandy-loam over clay. Nevertheless, sandalwood will likewise grow on some loamy-gravels, yellow sands and red sands. Wetness retention and accessibility at both the surface area and subsurface are very important for the establishment of sandalwood.

For s. Album, it was believed that a defining attribute was the need to be in soils that did not draw in termites and thus the splitting cununurra clays were favoured. This nevertheless is being questioned with excellent growth being attained in all soil types.


  1. Spicatum (australian sandalwood) will grow in low rains locations in between 400-800mm per annum. Equipping rates will depend on rainfall levels, so while sandalwood will grow in areas with less than 250mm of rain per annum, growth rates are much better in a 400– 600mm rains zone.
  2. Album (indian sandalwood) grows in comparable rains as s. Spicatum in kununurra as the area receives 800mm per annum. The difference is that this types is grown with irrigation. To contrast this, in kerala, india where the species is grown without irrigation, the yearly rainfall is 2800mm + 400mm, suggesting that there is possible to grow this species in higher rainfall locations.


There are two main types of sandalwood grown in australia for oil production, s. Spicatum (australian sandalwood) and s. Album (indian sandalwood). Tree breeding programs have been developed for both of these types and the seed produced will just be utilized in plantation facility and not in wild harvest, in order to save genetic integrity.

The relative narrowness of the hereditary diversity in s. Album compared to other sandalwood species represent the predictable oil profile. The broad hereditary variety of s. Spicatum makes the opportunities for developing and improving this types a slow but achievable objective.

For info on providers of sandalwood seed contact the forest items commission.

Planting and crop management

Sandalwood trees are root hemi-parasites, implying they require host trees for healthy development. The host trees offer extra water and nutrients to the sandalwood delivered by a distinct root connection called haustoria. The symbiotic relationship continues throughout the life of the sandalwood tree. In western australia, the best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants.

Land preparation is significantly various in between s. Spicatum growing in the south-west of western australia compared to the present system for s. Album in kununurra.

In the south-west western australia, in sandy soils and without the requirement for irrigation, basic farming equipment can be used for preparing the land, controlling the weeds and deep ripping. The first step in plantation facility is to plant the host trees at 1.6 m periods (1,250 hosts/ha). Sandalwood seeds can be sown once the host trees are 1– 2 years old, or around one metre tall. When appropriate soil wetness is accomplished, for instance after a rainfall event, one or two seeds are planted about 2– 3cm below the surface area, at a distance of half a metre away from the host tree.

Around 2 weeks later, the seed planting location is sprayed with a knock down herbicide guaranteeing no spray touches the host plant. Weed control is essential prior to sandalwood seedlings becoming they are quickly smothered decreasing survival and growth. Sandalwood seeds will take 4– 8 weeks to germinate after great rains and typically emerge 3– 4 months after planting.

When the sandalwood tree is two years old, an evaluation of its ratio to hosts ought to be undertaken. Sandalwood ought to have a 1:2 or 1:3 ratio with its host, simply put, 1,000 hosts per hectare will support 400 sandalwood trees per hectare, at 2 years. For s.spicatum tree bole development, routine light pruning is required to keep a single stem. Thinning might be required as the trees-per-hectare requirements to be kept in balance with the presence of hosts and in relation to the water table to prevent tree death.

Website management thereafter depends upon whether the s. Spicatum sandalwood nut is collected every year. Seed markets are establishing as the kernel consists of numerous fatty acids, especially ximenynic acid that has outstanding dietary and cosmetic usages. For affordable seed harvesting, the plantation floor under the trees needs to be kept reasonably clean for seed collecting devices.

When it comes to s. Album, the cracking cununurra clays and the requirement for irrigation makes the silviculture a greater obstacle. As there is no shortage of water, the sites can be planted at greater stocking rates. The greater the stocking rate, the less bole wood produced per tree so there is a balance.

The land preparation is extensive with the site requiring laser-levelling due to the flood watering requirement. Even with the intro of trickle irrigation, this action has not been dropped from the preparation as flood irrigation might be needed at some stage in the rotation. The trees are planted at a distance of 1.8 m multiples apart as this is the agriculture system that the valley has actually adopted. For s. Album, it is generally planted at 3.6 m apart.

Album is established using seedlings. The host requirement to support the full rotation of this sandalwood is still under examination. Commonly, the plantation system relies upon 3 hosts, a pot host presented as the sandalwood seedling is grown in the nursery, a short-term host which passes away after 3 years and a long-lasting host which cohabits with the sandalwood for the complete rotation. The very best short-term and long-lasting hosts have been identified as nitrogen-fixers, either beans or casuarinas.

Weeds, pests, and diseases

Weed control in plantations is particularly essential before planting, to lower competitors with emerging seedlings and seedling development. Thereafter, the weeds can become hosts but require to be kept in balance with the resources (water and light) offered.

Consideration will need to be offered to any bugs and illness of the chosen host tree. The s. Spicatum host, an acacia, can be prone to a series of bugs consisting of gall rust, mistletoe, and sap sucking insects such as aphids. Selection of the acacia types and range together with a handled planting density can reduce tension and the onset of these illness. Alternatively, planting a diversity of host plants need to defend against the severity of a bug or disease occasion. [5]

Sandalwood important oil utilizes

You may currently recognize with the healing homes of other vital oils. Every important oil brings its own unique benefits and sandalwood is no various. Aromatherapy is the practice of using essential oils to improve psychological or physical well-being. You can diffuse, breathe in or use important oils topically to the skin.

Many people find essential oils practical for tension management and relaxation. Scents are strongly linked to our emotions and memories. This is because our fragrance receptors lie beside the emotional centers in our brain, the amygdala and hippocampus. Researchers think that certain scents can help set off soothing or tranquil sensations. Other oils may communicate with certain hormonal agents, neurotransmitters or enzymes, leading to a particular modification to our bodies’ chemistry.

Sandalwood not only has many advantages, but also several uses. Traditionally, it has actually been a significant therapeutic agent in traditional chinese medicine and ayurveda due to its recovery residential or commercial properties. In these standard medications, uses of sandalwood oil consist of the treatment of urinary infections, digestion problems, coughs, depression, in addition to infections.

Sandalwood also has a centering result similar to how lavender can be relaxing to the body. Sandalwood can help increase focus, psychological clarity and balance.

Here’s a few ways to try sandalwood necessary oil:.


Inhale a few drops of sandalwood necessary oil before extending, barre or yoga class or other peaceful time to help set the mood. Utilize it before a quiet time, prayer or journaling to increase your ability to unwind and focus.


The best method to get the psychological clearness benefits of sandalwood is to use a couple of drops, about 2– 4, to the ankles or wrists sometimes of high stress or overwhelm throughout the day. You can likewise straight inhale the oil if you do not wish to use it straight to your skin. Utilize it in a diffuser to permit everybody in your house to enjoy it. Or add a couple of drops to bath water at the end of a long day.

For the body

Using sandalwood oil in skin care items prevails. One great skincare use: mix sandalwood oil with a base oil to treat dry skin. Get innovative by mixing sandalwood with other vital oils to produce your own blend. For example, mix 4– 5 drops of sandalwood with rose and vanilla oil and including it to an unscented lotion for a romantic, fragrant, woodsy mix.

Or you can attempt making your own homemade males’s perfume by blending sandalwood with various other necessary oils to create an earthy, manly aroma. You can likewise utilize sandalwood as a base for your own homemade hair conditioner. Sandalwood is an excellent addition to conditioner to assist prevent dandruff.

Cleaning and home use

You can use sandalwood essential oil in the home in different methods:.

Include a few drops to a log prior to burning it in the fireplace.

Use it in your cars and truck by putting 2– 3 drops on the a/c vent to assist preserve a calm awareness throughout heavy traffic.

Considering that sandalwood has antiseptic residential or commercial properties, it can likewise assist decontaminate the cleaning device. Include 10– 20 drops per load.

Add sandalwood oil to a foot bath to promote additional relaxation. [6]

Health advantages of sandalwood oil

Sandalwood oil and the paste of sandalwood is used in medicines, skin and charm treatments, and numerous industrial products consisting of mouth fresheners, edibles, incense sticks, room fresheners, deodorants, fragrances, soaps, lotions, and creams. It has some actually exceptional medicinal residential or commercial properties, which we will check out in greater information listed below.


The necessary oil of sandalwood is very good as an antibacterial representative. It is safe for both internal and external applications. When ingested, it assists safeguard internal wounds and ulcers from infections. Likewise, when applied to the skin, it protects injuries, sores, boils, and pimples from establishing infections or from becoming septic.


Both sandalwood paste and its vital oil are very effective as anti-inflammatory representatives. A 2016 report published in journal of herbmed pharmacology revealed that indian sandalwood has a great cooling impact and that it supplies relief from all kinds of inflammation in the brain, gastrointestinal, worried, circulatory, and excretory systems that arise from infections, fever, negative effects of prescription antibiotics, poisoning, insect bites, or wounds. Sandalwood important oil is especially useful in cases of worried and circulatory inflammations.


Being a relaxant and sedative in nature, this oil works fantastic against spasms. A report published by the department of biology, genes institute (cgrc), university of florida, usa, sandalwood oil relaxes nerves, muscles, and blood vessels, thus ending convulsions and contractions. Thus, it is useful in treating issues connected with them such as cramps, pains, and coughs.


Although it is extremely mild, this vital oil has some astringent homes which induce contractions in the gums, muscles, and skin. A 2010 report entitled, santalum album linn: an evaluation on morphology, phytochemistry, and medicinal aspects, exposes that sandalwood oil is understood for its astringent properties that make it useful as a disinfectant in genitourinary and bronchial tracts, diuretic, expectorant, and stimulant. This shows beneficial in terms of reinforcing the gums. Furthermore, it likewise helps in the fortifying of muscles and tightening of the skin.


The vital oil of sandalwood soothes the skin and assists scars and spots to recover much faster. It is an old practice to utilize the paste of sandalwood as a skin pack. The same result can be obtained by utilizing this important oil. This oil is now thoroughly used in skin care soaps, lotions, and creams.


Due to its relaxing and anti-inflammatory homes, sandalwood vital oil relieves swelling in the urinary system and induces relaxation, consequently promoting the simple passage of urine. It likewise increases the frequency of urination and the volume of urine. This helps in dealing with infections and swelling in the urinary system due to the fact that it eliminates unsafe toxins through the urine.


It is the disinfectant property of sandalwood essential oil that validates its wide usage in religious events and cosmetics. Its fragrance keeps away microorganisms and little insects, which is why it is thoroughly utilized in incense sticks, sprays, fumigants, and evaporators to decontaminate big areas.

A 2017 report released in the worldwide journal of drug store and pharmaceutical sciences suggests that sandalwood oil, amongst its many properties, is a disinfectant to the mucous membrane in genitor-urinary and bronchial systems. Furthermore, this oil can be blended with bathing water or other lotions or oils to use on the skin and injuries to guarantee their security from infections. This oil can also be safely taken with milk to treat internal infections, such as those of the throat, esophagus, stomach, intestines, and excretory tracts.

Skin care

Sandalwood oil soothes the skin, alleviates it from swelling and inflammation, treatments infections and keeps you feeling fresh and cool. Dr. Corey levenson of santalis pharmaceuticals, texas, U.S.A., exposes that sandalwood oil has actually revealed excellent guarantee in the clinical trials for the treatment of acne, psoriasis, eczema, typical warts, and an extreme condition referred to as molluscum contagiosum.

Deals with coughs

Sandalwood essential oil behaves as an expectorant and is particularly effective in dealing with coughs. It likewise combats viral infections which at first caused the cold, cough, flu, mumps, or any other health problem.


Sandalwood oil has antiphlogistic homes and offers relief from inflammation resulting from fever and viral infections.

Lowers high blood pressure

This is an extremely beneficial property of sandalwood important oil. It can be taken with milk or even water to lower high blood pressure in clients suffering from hypertension. The paste of sandalwood has the exact same impact when topically applied to numerous parts of the body.

Memory booster

It improves memory and stimulates your concentration power. It likewise keeps the brain cool and unwinded and saves you from undue tension and stress and anxiety.

Sedative impact

This oil sedates inflammation, anxiety, worry, stress, and uneasyness. Moreover, it induces relaxation, peace, concentration, inner vision, and favorable thoughts.

Other advantages

Some individuals use sandalwood important oil as a deodorant to eliminate body odor. [7]

What are the benefits of sandalwood oil for hair?

If you pick to use sandalwood oil for hair care functions, you will wish to make sure not to apply it pure directly to your scalp or hair.

Important oils are more potent than individuals often imagine, therefore using them undiluted can trigger a chain reaction with your skin, which might result in serious irritation if not outright burns.

Utilizing a provider oil or other diluents can help prevent skin inflammation and also supply a moisturizing component to your hair care regimen.

Some oils understood for their softening or anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties include sweet almond oil, apricot kernel oil, castor oil, grapeseed oil, jojoba oil, and coconut oil.

When using sandalwood oil, a couple of drops must be adequate. You’ll wish to either blend it into a hair shampoo bottle or carrier oil, or utilize it by itself. Each choice has its advantages and disadvantages.

Using it by itself permits you to actually rub it straight into your scalp in a securely diluted form. Rubbing sandalwood oil into your scalp likewise permits you to more easily use the oil for hair care treatments while on the go.

On the other hand, blending it in with your hair shampoo (or other diluents) can make the procedure a whole lot simpler– simply use it in the shower or within your regular hair care regimen.

If you want to use this oil to soothe your scalp, attempt blending a teaspoon of sandalwood oil with a cup of cold-pressed virgin coconut oil. Take this mix and rub it in as required, however take care– sometimes individuals can have allergies to vital oils.

Alternatively, you could mix in a teaspoon of almond oil in addition to three to 5 drops of sandalwood oil.

Lastly, if you want to try to actually bring out the shine in your hair, you’ll wish to utilize a bit more– try three to 7 drops (but do not go bananas, once again, you don’t wish to burn your scalp) and use it to your hair after you’ve showered.

Sandalwood oil is often paired with other hair oils, consisting of olive oil, tea tree oil, peppermint oil, sage oil, lavender oil, rosemary oil, and argan oil. Although, you need to be innovative considering that you aren’t limited to these mixes. [8]

Uses of sandalwood oil

Sandalwood oil can be depended take care of numerous skin problems. A few of the benefits are discussed below–.

Acne, pimples, and breakouts:

Sandalwood has antiseptic homes that avoid pimples, acne, and sores from establishing. Nevertheless, daily direct exposure to dust and dirt may cause bacterial development on your skin, resulting in skin problems. The sandalwood oil fights versus these acne-causing bacteria.

Dark areas and dark eyes:

Enriched with anti-inflammatory & & astringent residential or commercial properties, sandalwood efficiently treats conditions like dark spots and dark eyes. Routine application of sandalwood can minimize these unwanted areas.

Skin inflammations:

Sandalwood oil is known for its anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties and can treat skin inflammation, itching, and localized rashes. It is also valuable in dealing with skin cuts, injuries, and insect bites. In addition, sandalwood can relieve inflammatory skin conditions like eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis.

Moisture retention:

Sandalwood oil is incredibly mild on the skin and assists in keeping the wetness level of the skin. It keeps the skin soft, supple, and hydrated.

Secures from aging results:

The daily exposure of the skin to complimentary radicals and various forms of toxins may cause wrinkles and drooping skin. Sandalwood oil is abundant in anti-oxidants which combat the actions of totally free radicals. In addition, the anti-aging homes of sandalwood oil gradually heal the skin of these premature aging impacts (3 ).

Maintains skin oil balance:

Sandalwood oil may also assist to keep the oil balance of the skin. But, most notably, sandalwood oil does not upset or destabilize the oil balance.

Exfoliates skin:

Sandalwood has light exfoliating properties and can be utilized to deal with skin issues like a suntan.

Skin infection:

The anti-bacterial homes of sandalwood oil make it an effective option for the treatment of skin infections.

Treatments irritable heat:

The sandalwood has a calming result, that makes it an excellent remedy for heat rashes.

Large pores:

Sandalwood operates as an astringent, which assists in the tightening up and contraction of tissues and pores. This activity minimizes the appearance of big pores and decreases the event of skin breakouts.

Sandalwood oil in skincare

Application of sandalwood oil.

Direct skin massage:

The sandalwood oil can be directly rubbed on the skin. Nevertheless, some people may have hypersensitive skin and may require dilution of the oil. Adding jojoba oil to the sandalwood oil might prevent unfavorable reactions.

Massage oil:

A couple of drops of sandalwood oil can be contributed to the regular massage oil for whole-body massage. As a massage oil, it functions to soothe and hydrate the skin and offer peace to the mind.

Steam inhalation:

This is used for 2 factors– (a) to look after respiratory issues and (b) to treat facial skin problems like pimples, acne, and breakouts.

Direction for use
  1. Add a few drops of sandalwood oil to steaming water in a bowl.
  2. Place your face over the steam, cover your head, face, and bowl with a tidy towel, and breathe in the steam.
  3. Inhalation assists to deal with respiratory issues while the oil particles with steam aid to clean the facial skin and cure specific skin problems. [9]

Side-effects and allergic reactions of sandalwood oil

Sandalwood oil is usually safe for use, but there are warnings and precautions. Necessary oils of are indicated for topical usage only, so i do not recommend consuming sandalwood oil. When applying it onto skin, dilute it utilizing provider oil, soap, cream or a buffering representative. Breastfeeding mothers and young children should prevent utilizing sandalwood oil.

In addition, sandalwood necessary oil might cause an allergic skin reaction in certain people, so it is important to evaluate it on a little location of skin initially. Those who struggle with some kind of medical condition, such as liver disorder and cancer, ought to likewise take extra preventative measure utilizing the oil in aromatherapy.

Individuals with a recognized allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to sandalwood oil or its constituents should avoid utilizing the oil, as there are reports of sandalwood causing dermatitis and sandalwood oil causing picture allergic reaction. However there are really couple of reports of sandalwood oil negative effects– of the offered literature, there are a few cases of the allergic reactions pointed out above. [10]


For the treatment of urological problems, a dosage of 1 to 1.5 g daily is suggested for no greater than 6 weeks. It must be dosed in a resistant finish that is protected against gastric secretions. The oil must not be consumed internally in its natural state. [11]

Safety measures to take with sandalwood

The following preventative measures and cautions are to be thought about when sandalwood is being utilized:.


According to animal research studies, sandalwood oil may affect the foetus when offered to pregnant females. Therefore, it must not be taken versus the recommendations of the consulting gynaecologist.

Kidney disease

Sandalwood needs to be prevented by individuals suffering from kidney illness as it can cause kidney damage. [12]


Sandalwood (santalum album linn.) Is an essential tree types that exhibits high medicinal, cosmetic, and industrial value. Indian sandalwood is readily available mostly from karnataka and tamilnadu states of india. Due to its broad usages in different industries, wood is high in demand in the worldwide market. The commercial aspect of sandalwood is being managed by the forest authorities. It also reveals numerous usages in cosmetic industries consisting of the manufacturing of beauty items, face packs, moisturizers, deal with wash, skin creams, and so on. Sandalwood is an essential requirement in various rituals in almost all religious events. Sandalwood oil is being typically utilized in treating various illness and disorders. It reveals antioxidant, antiviral, anticancer, antifungal, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic activity. Aromatherapy is among the crucial medicinal uses of sandalwood. [13]


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