Prickly Pear Seed Oil

Prickly pear seed oil, likewise known as bearberry fig oil and indian fig seed oil, is stemmed from the seeds of the fruit from the prickly pear cactus plant. The cactus from which the fruit grows on is belonging to the united states, mexico and south america. This smooth, lightweight oil is acquired by pressing the tiny seeds leftover from fruit production, a byproduct of the food market. The oil is generally cold-pressed and unrefined, which implies that it is not deodorized, decolorized or otherwise treated. When picking the best oil for your face, you should always opt for unrefined as that assists the oil to keep most of its skin helpful properties. [1]

Prickly pear seed oil facts

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Prickly pear seed oil benefits and utilizes

Taxonomic name Opuntia cactus
Native Irritable pear is native to south america and mexico. It is nutritious and edible cactus which is extensively grown in australia, south africa, southern europe and southwestern united states.
Common/english name Oil of opuntia, cactus seed oil, indian fig oil, barbary fig oil, prickly cactus seed oil, indian fig seed oil, barbary fig seed oil
Call in other languages of irritable pear Hindi: nagfani;
telugu: nagajemudu;
malayalam: kallimullpazham.
gujarati: dindla
Method of extraction Cold pressed
Color Clear-light yellow-green
Odor Qualities

[2]

Botany

Prickly pears are members of the cactacceae or cactus family, which includes about 97 genera and 1,600 species. The types are found in europe, mediterranean nations, africa, southwestern united states, and northern mexico. Plants in the genus opuntia choose a dry, hot environment and include seasonal shrubs, trees, and sneaking plants. Prickly pear can grow 5 to 8 m in height; its roots are shallow, however the plant can spread out up to 40 m in size over the ground. The stems are branched, leaves are round fit, and the plant is covered with barb-tipped bristles (referred to as glochids) that are special to opuntia. Its flowers, petals, and sepals are numerous in quantity and color. The oval, pear-shaped, purplish fruit is pulpy and sweet however may be covered with spinal columns or bristles. The seeds within the pulp are disk-shaped and have many colors.

Chemistry

The medicinal elements of the plant are discovered in the flowers, leaves or pads, and fruit.

Isorhamnetin-glucoside, kaempferol, luteolin, penduletin, piscidic acids, quercetrin, rutin, and β-sitosterol have been found in the flowers of irritable pear. The leaves or pads are abundant in mucilage and consist primarily of polysaccharides which contain galactose, arabinose, xylose, and rhamnose.

Irritable pear fruit is high in dietary worth. Ethanol-soluble carbohydrates are the most abundant parts of irritable pear fruit pulp and skin, making up 50% of the pulp and 30% of the skin. The betalain substances are accountable for the different colors of the fruit. The skin consists of calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, manganese, sodium, and selenium. The edible pulp consists of biothiols, taurine, flavonols, tocopherols, and carotenoids. Nevertheless, industrial processing of juice elements leads to some loss of vitamins a, e, and c. The seeds are rich in phosphorus and zinc. The oils from the seeds and peel are a good source of polyunsaturated fats.

A number of older chemical analyses of enzymes from opuntia species are available. One research study files the volatile constituents of irritable pear, while another identifies the constituents of o. Fragilis. Other studies discuss the chemistry of prickly pear, including seclusion of albumin amino acid structure in the fruits and fats of the seeds. [3]

History

The majority of the plant parts benefit people and animals both internally and externally and have been used throughout the world. For example, in standard medicine, opuntia ficus indica has actually been used for the treatment of burns. The aztecs extracted the milky juice from the plant and combined it with honey and egg yolk to supply a lotion to deal with burns. Irritable pear cactus has been used for wounds, edema, hyperlipidemia, obesity and catarrhal gastritis. In mexican standard medicine, prickly pear cactus (nopal) is used for the treatment of diabetes and high cholesterol. Alcoholic extracts have been shown for anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic, and antiviral functions. The chinese dressed abscesses with the fleshy pad of the plant. The american indians utilized the fruit for food and also made syrup from it to treat whooping cough and asthma.

Only just recently, research study has actually begun to reveal just how much the seeds of the prickly pear can so greatly benefit skin. Within the edible part of each prickly pear fruit there are numerous seeds. The seed amount can differ from 30% to 40% on a dry weight basis. These seeds consist of oil, and it is this nutrient-rich oil that is extracted and after that used on the skin. Today, oil can be pressed from the seeds and after that used as a provider oil or component in cosmetics and skin care applications.

Anatomy of the skin’s skin

The epidermis, or outermost layer of human skin, is covered and secured by a layer of lipids and sweat called the acid mantle. The lipid part of the acid mantle is made up of sebum from sebaceous glands as well as lipids from the stratum corneum (the outermost layer of the skin) the sweat of the acid mantle is that produced by gland. The acid mantle has an acidic ph. The ph is the measurement of level of acidity or alkalinity of a body fluid. With a ph between 4 and 6.5, the skin is safeguarded from bacterial and fungal infection as well as water loss. The acid mantle also supports the barrier function of the stratum corneum. If the acid mantle loses its acidity, the skin ends up being susceptible to harm and infection in addition to irritation and level of sensitivity.

The stratum corneum has a brick-and-mortar type style. Corneocytes are the cells that form the brick-like layer. The mortar is made up of a complex of intercellular lipids that holds the wetness in between the corneocytes. The stratum corneum preserves the water level of the skin listed below and controls and reduces what is known as transepidermal water loss (tewl). Tewl is the natural wetness flow out from deeper skin layers to be lost ultimately by evaporation from the skin surface. With the brick-and-mortar style, the cells in the stratum corneum (the corneocytes) form a water-retaining barrier embedded in a lipid matrix.

The principal lipids that make up the mortar of the stratum corneum consist of ceramides (approximately 40-50%), cholesterol (20-25%), and fatty acids (10-25%). It is this mortar of lipids that serves to prevent water loss through the stratum corneum. These lipids and the natural moisturizing element (nmf) of the stratum corneum are important in preserving the water level of the skin in addition to minimizing tewl. The nmf, which is housed within the corneocytes, is composed of free amino acids and their derivatives, urocanic acid, inorganic salts, sugars, lactic acid, and urea. Nmf parts are highly efficient humectants that bring in and bind water from the atmosphere, drawing it into the corneocytes. These compounds are responsible for keeping the skin moist and flexible by drawing in and holding water. They can hold large amounts of water in the skin cells and are also capable of soaking up water from the atmosphere and/or items applied to the skin. The lipids serve to prevent water loss from happening in the nmf.

The stratum corneum skin barrier function– regular versus dry skin

Fats in the skin lubricate, soften, and protect skin and avoid moisture loss from the skin. Both important and non-essential fats play separate and important roles in appropriate skin function. The two types of vital fats (efas) are linoleic acid and alpha-linoleic acid. Efas are called important since they are definitely important in our bodies, however our bodies can not synthesize them. We must, therefore, consume them in our diet plans or apply them to our skin. All other fats discovered in the skin merely are described as fats. These include palmitic acid, oleic acid, myristic acid, stearic acid, and others. Non-essential fatty acids can be produced by the body, although they can still be ingested from some of the food that we eat or applied to the skin.

Parts of vegetable/herbal/nut/ seed oils and their result on skin

A shortage in stratum corneum lipids may contribute to dehydrated skin or xerosis (an irregular dryness of the skin or mucous membranes). Aspects that might cause such condition consist of age, low humidity in the environment, cold or heat exposure (e.g. Sunburn, wind burn, or frostbite), diet plan, genetics, and indoor heating. Elements that can break down the protective lipid layer and boost tewl consist of taking long, hot showers in the winter season, utilizing harsh detergents or solvents, excessive hand cleaning, and using annoying chemicals. When the skin barrier breaks down, one might observe dry, scratchy, flaky, rough, and dull skin and can even develop fissures and fractures. Whether an individual has healthy, flexible skin or suffers from typical skin disorders, maintenance of a healthy skin barrier is essential. A day-to-day skin programs must be followed routinely to maintain the health of the skin.

One extraordinary way to assist preserve the health of the skin is to use vegetable/herbal/nut/ seed oils onto the skin. These oils, along with creams, creams, lotions, butters, and balms soften and smooth the skin surface area, keep skin’s tone and flexibility, avoid tewl, and support the lipid matrix. Veggie and seed oils, beeswax, squalene, lanolin, and shea butter supply nutrients to and have a hydrating impact on the skin. They are called occlusive compounds and form a barrier on the surface of the skin helping to lower tewl. Thus, vegetable oils are extremely biocompatible to the skin and preserve the health of the stratum corneum.

Veggie oils can be utilized to water down and carry essential oils onto skin. They can also be healing substances, in that they consist of the following chemical components: 1.) Necessary and non-essential fats, 2.) Fat-soluble vitamins, 3.) Sterols/phytosterols, and 4.) Polyphenols/phenolic substances.

Element 1– vital and non-essential fats: vegetable oils contain varying amounts of efas and non-essential fatty acids. When efas are deficient in the skin, the integrity of the skin suffers. A deficiency can trigger an interruption in the epidermic homeostasis which affects the barrier function of the skin. This can then result in tewl which can then result in skin disorders such as dryness, scaliness, inflammation, dermatitis, and other signs of swelling. Diet plan, age, and specific illness like diabetes contribute to an efa deficiency. The efas present in vegetable oils assist bring back the skin barrier and deal with inflammatory disorders of the skin consisting of dermatitis, psoriasis, and eczema. They help wounds heal and help in the avoidance of wrinkles.

As mentioned previously, linoleic acid (la) is one of the two kinds of efas. La, the most plentiful polyunsaturated fat (pufa) exists in the epidermis. Pufas are fats with 2 or more carbon double bonds. They consist of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids. They are very unsteady and easily oxidize when exposed to oxygen and light. When tocopherols such as vitamin e are present in a pufa-rich grease, the oil’s lipids become more stable. linoleic acid, an omega 6 fat, is an important fatty acid in the skin that is required for the formation and maintenance of the cutaneous barrier to water loss. If the water material of the stratum corneum (commonly brought on by a breakdown or attack to the skin barrier) falls below 10% the natural functions of it are impaired and the skin becomes dry (dehydrated), scaly, and less flexible, all the signs of xerosis. The most common locations individuals experience xerosis are on the arms and legs. linoleic acid is crucial to the appropriate development and advancement of the skin. It also is required for synthesis of the important long-chain ceramides essential to safeguard against dry skin. Vegetable oils rich in linoleic acid include: safflower, sunflower/not high oleic acid version, flax seed, hemp seed, wheatgerm, walnut, and sesame oil. Macadamia nut and sea buckthorn oils are all abundant in palmitic acid. The other type of necessary fatty acid discovered in vegetable oils is called alpha-linoleic acid (ala). It lowers inflammation when used topically and can reduce acne.

Element 2– fat-soluble vitamins: vitamin e, or tocopherols, is a potent antioxidant discovered in vegetable oils. Antioxidants avoid free radicals from causing cell damage. Skin is vulnerable to aging from complimentary radicals because the totally free radicals damage the collagen (the primary element in connective skin tissue) and elastin fibers in the skin. Tocopherols work as free radical scavengers. vitamin e helps heal, fix, and restore skin. There are several types of tocopherols consisting of alpha (α), beta (β), gamma (γ), and delta (δ) tocopherols. Veggie oils are likewise a great source of fat-soluble vitamins a, d, and k. As mentioned above, when tocopherols such as vitamin e are present in a pufa-rich vegetable oil, the oil’s lipids end up being more stable.

Element 3– sterols/phytosterols: phytosterols are components found in veggie oils that resemble cholesterol elements. Like cholesterol, phytosterols have a water-binding capability that may help preserve a healthy skin barrier function. When phytosterols are used topically on the skin, anti-aging benefits might take place. They not just stop the slow-down of collagen production triggered by sun damage, but they can also encourage brand-new collagen production.

Part 4– polyphenols/phenolic substances: polyphenols are discovered in veggie oils and are a big class of chemical compounds known as phenolic substances. Whether consumed or applied topically, they supply the body with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, and oxidative stress avoidance. Polyphenols avoid skin damage from sunshine’s uv rays and can ameliorate unfavorable skin responses following uv exposure including skin damage, erythema (redness or rash resulting from capillary blockage), and lipid peroxidation (oxidative degeneration of lipids). [4]

Nutrition facts

According to the usda, 100 grams/3.5 ounces of irritable pear cactus contains about:.

  • 40 calories
  • 10 grams carbohydrates
  • 5 grams fiber
  • Less than 1 gram of fat or protein
  • 85 milligrams magnesium (24 percent dv)
  • 14 milligrams vitamin c (17 percent dv)
  • Milligram riboflavin/vitamin b2( 8 percent dv)
  • Milligram vitamin b6 (8 percent dv)
  • 56 milligram calcium (6 percent dv)
  • 220 milligrams potassium (5 percent dv)

Advantages

1. Has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects

Research research studies have actually found irritable pear fruit and pods are rich in flavonoids, carotenoid and polyphenol anti-oxidants, along with vitamin c. In specific research studies, compounds that have actually been identified in this plant include: gallic acid, vanillic acid, catechins, betalain, betanin and indicaxanthin.

There’s evidence that these phytochemicals can support the immune system, help to safeguard skin health, and ward off free radical damage and inflammation that contribute to aging and disease. There’s some proof that irritable pear cactus likewise has anti-clastogenic capabilities, suggesting it safeguards dna from damage.

Furthermore, juice from the cactus, which has a high antioxidant material, has been discovered to have the capability to record totally free radicals and lower oxidative stress connected to work out.

2. Provides necessary minerals and fats

Records show that during the “tuna harvest” in latin america and the southwest u.s., prickly pear was likely the most crucial food readily available in the area for several years (in addition to pecans and buffalo).

The pods and fruit of this cactus supply important minerals like calcium, potassium and magnesium. These vital minerals act as electrolytes and are required for lots of functions, including bone, heart, nerve and muscle health.

Research studies looking at the fat profile of prickly pear seed oil reveal that it’s likewise rich in essential unsaturated fats, including linoleic acid (61.01%), followed by oleic acid (25.52%) and palmitic acid (12.23%). These have advantages including securing the heart and controlling inflammation.

3. Good source of fiber that supports metabolic health

Cactus fruit and is an excellent source of carbohydrates and dietary fiber, especially soluble fiber. Consuming it might help to improve gut health and decrease digestive problems like irregularity and diarrhea.

Because they give fiber (or pectin) and low in sugar, the immature pads, or nopalitos, have likewise been used to help control or prevent type 2 diabetes. Some research suggests that the pads which include soluble fibers and a thick mucilage might have a natural hypoglycemic impacts, meaning they can decrease high blood sugar level levels.

One way in which this plant can decrease blood sugar levels and lower high cholesterol is by reducing absorption of these compounds in the stomach and intestinal tract. Some research studies show that when grownups with high cholesterol follow a healthy diet plan and consume irritable pear supplements it can reduce total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (ldl or “bad”) cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

Irritable pear pads also include high levels of amylose, a starch that breaks down into basic sugars gradually, supplying energy but helping to prevent a spike in blood sugar level.

4. May consist of antibacterial and antiviral properties

According to folklore medicine, what is the benefit of irritable pear for fending off infections and infections? While research on the topic is limited, this plant has long been made use of for its antiviral and antibacterial results, such as protecting against urinary tract infections, skin infections, and even tuberculosis and hepatitis.

There’s some evidence that mucilage from the mature pads can eliminate bacteria that contribute to infections. Fully grown pads have likewise been used as natural antiseptics for skin injuries when they are pushed versus the skin.

5. Used to deal with enlarged prostate

While more research study on this subject is required, some research studies have actually discovered that powdered irritable pear supplements may reduce signs of enlarged prostate, such as advises to urinate often even with the bladder in empty.

Utilizes

Irritable pear cactuses grow in lots of warm parts of the world, consisting of in the southwest u.s., australia, southern africa, mexico and other latin american nations, and throughout the mediterranean. While this cactus is most commonly grown for its edible fruit and paddles (or pads/nopales), almost every part of the plant can be used in some way.

Historically, there have been lots of uses for irritable pear fruits, juices, teas, pads and seeds in folklore and conventional medicines. Some examples of how this plant was used consist of:

  • Fighting viruses and infections
  • Helping to deal with wounds and burns
  • Treating diarrhea
  • Fending off diabetes, cardiovascular disease, prostate disease and other inflammatory illness
  • Alleviating gastric ulcers
  • Reducing pain
  • Stopping bleeding
  • Not only is the fruit from this cactus consumed, however prickly pear seed oil and extracts are likewise available. These are utilized as supplements and made from the dark, hard seeds of the cactus fruit. Each prickly pear fruit consists of about 50 seeds.

Irritable pear extract and oils are used in skin care and for hair care– added to products like serums, hair shampoos, conditioners and styling items– because the oil has hydrating and anti-aging results, similar to olive oil. It might help to slow down winkle development and other indications of aging, treat injuries and burns, refresh the look of dull skin, and reinforce hair and nails.

Furthermore, some large species of irritable pear flowers are grown for ornamental/decorative purposes. These types include the engelmann prickly pear (o. Engelmannii) and the beavertail cactus (o. Basilaris). These can be found throughout the southwestern u.s., such as in texas and arizona.

Prickly pear plants tend to grow quickly with sufficient wetness and spread quickly, often growing a lot that they are considered to be invasive. [5]

Why utilize prickly pear oil for anti-aging

Regardless of its historical origins, prickly pear seed oil has really only started making waves in the skincare market for the last year or two. Maybe it’s because of its intimidating botanical origins or its difficulty to produce, however in any case, we need to all be thinking about adding prickly pear seed oil into our skin care routine.

High levels of anti-oxidants

Natural skin items are frequently understood for their multi-beneficial powers and prickly pear seed oil is no exception. Anti-oxidants are particularly crucial in the fight versus aging skin due to the fact that these natural compounds work to rid the skin of totally free radicals that are the underlying cause of aging skin.

While other natural oils likewise contain anti-oxidants, prickly pear seed oil boats the greatest concentration of them, making each drop as much as 150% more effective than other appeal oils on the market. Belatins, the taxonomic name for the anti-oxidants in prickly pear oil, are likewise discovered in other fruits and berries such as pomegranates, goji berries, and blueberries, but the prickly pear cactus is one of the only plants that have as much power in its topical application.

Obviously, blueberries are incredibly great for your general health and wellness, however a topical application of these antioxidants targets your skincare concerns straight, producing much faster outcomes.

Brightens and tightens up

Unsaturated fats are also a substance present in prickly pear oil, and while we’re typically informed to shy away from taking in high-fat foods, fatty acids work as anti-inflammatories on the skin. If you’ve ever questioned why your skin gets swollen quickly or reddens without much prodding, it most likely means you’re missing the presence of fats in your skincare regimen.

The topical application of fatty acids really works to brighten dark areas of your skin. From under eye circles to sun damage, prickly pear oil works rapidly to even out your skin and brighten up your skin.

Another natural substance in the oil, linoleic acid, is a collagen-boosting compound that restores skin cells and promotes the revival of additional skin cells. This procedure gives the appearance of younger, firmer skin with increased flexibility.

Works with all skin types

In addition to its effective substances, prickly pear seed oil is likewise non-condegemic, suggesting it will never ever obstruct your pores and deals with all skin types. If you’re hesitant about utilizing an oil on your skin– particularly if you deal with oily skin – you remain in luck. Prickly pear oil likewise absorbs into the skin easily, so you’ll never need to fret about leaving the door or heading to sleep with excess oil on your skin.

How to utilize prickly pear seed oil for anti-aging

Although the majority of are familiar with various types of skin care items, beauty oil is frequently the hardest to master. With prickly pear oil you’ll never ever need to stress over the oil simply sitting on top of your skin, but if you’re still worried about using the oil straight to your skin these easy use pointers will alleviate your shift into the oil.

  1. Use the oil after you’ve cleansed and toned for optimum absorption and impact.
  2. Use the oil in place of your moisturizer if your skin is well-hydrated.
  3. You’ll just require a drop or 2. It goes a long way so do not apply as generously as a moisturizer.
  4. Massage the oil into your skin, taking special care with any dark areas or other locations of concern.
  5. Never ever squander a drop of the oil. Massage the remaining oil into your hands – including your cuticles – for stunning hands and nails. [6]

Know the benefits of prickly pear seed oil for your hair

Holy grail for dry hair: prickly pear seed oil includes a huge amount of vitamin e oil than any other plant oil in the market, including argan oil. vitamin e will work to hydrate dry hair and provide your hair the hydration it needs. Prickly pear oil will help your hair to hold onto water even in the driest and most popular weather.

Saviour of curly hair: the damp and hot weather conditions can be an anguish for people with curly hair. The prickly pear oil is rich in fatty acids which help in keeping your hair soft and glossy, even under the scorching sun.

For damaged hair: the oleic acid in prickly pear seed oil holds water loss in skin and hair, which seals wetness into the hair and assists keeping this wetness permits your hair to be more versatile, softer and supple.

Appropriate for oily hair: prickly pear seed is rich in anti-oxidants which promote the stimulation of the collagen and enables your scalp remain healthy while tightening the pores and hair follicles on your head which minimizes oil production without leaving your hair and scalp dry.

Reliable for an itchy scalp: palmitic acid is understood for its regenerative healing residential or commercial properties. Scalp problems like dandruff, dermatitis, dryness or even sunburn can be treated by palmitic acid present in the oil.

Results in hair growth: omega-6 and omega-9 are another key active ingredients in prickly pear seed oil. It has great regenerative homes for hair that enables promoting healthy scalp conditions leading to hair development. [7]

Does prickly pear oil advantage all hair types?

Toth says all hair types would gain from adding prickly pear oil to their hairs. However, certain hair types would benefit more than others. “it’s most beneficial for dry, permeable hair types such as extremely textured, curly, wavy, chemically processed, and dyed,” he describes. [8]

Alternatives to prickly pear oil

If you have actually decided prickly pear oil isn’t for you and you wish to find a natural oil with a few of the exact same homes, here are some other alternatives:.

  • Coconut oil, which is antibacterial and ultra hydrating
  • argan oil, which is an excellent everyday moisturizer, even for those with acne-prone skin
  • Rosehip seed oil, which is hydrating and prevents skin damage
  • Marula oil, which is antibacterial and avoids skin damage while hydrating the skin
  • Jojoba oil, which helps fight acne, moisturizes, and safeguards the skin from sun damage [9]

Note

Keep in mind that prickly pear oil is among the more pricey oils on the market due to its high need and difficulty to produce.

When searching, it’s excellent to keep in mind prickly pear oil is sometimes called barbary fig seed oil, too. There is an indian range of the oil, as well as the moroccan range. Know that while the indian variety is great the moroccan range is considerably more potent. [10]

Adverse effects

In regards to side effects, some research study has revealed that when consumed it can trigger problems like indigestion and bloating.

When used topically, however, prickly pear oil is normally thought about safe on all skin types.

The only prospective danger is if you have an allergy to the fruit. [11]

The bottom line

Prickly pear seed oil is a highly-moisturizing, skin-softening oil derived from a cactus. Prickly pear oil benefits the skin with it’s exceptional hydrating and anti-aging residential or commercial properties. The prickly pear is called “the wonder plant” because of its lots of medicinal usages throughout the centuries. Rich in protein, vital fats, and vitamins e and k this valuable, natural oil changes the skin by refining and tightening pores, minimizing inflammation and swelling, brightening under the eyes, lightening dark areas, lightening up complexion and bring back skins flexibility. Deeply hydrating because of its high linoleic acid material, prickly pear seed oil is quickly soaked up into the skin and deeply penetrates the layers to nurture and soften. Prickly pear seed oil is non-comedogenic, you can use it daily, best after cleansing and exfoliating your skin– without fear of obstructing pores. Prickly pear seed oil really comes from the irritable pear cactus, which is often called the barbary fig. The cactus grows fruit pods that contain little seeds, and these seeds are filled with a nutrient-rich oil that’s extracted and utilized in skin care. The plant will mature to 2 meters in height and stand up to dry weather and the shortage of water. This plant prospers in numerous dry and hot locations of the world and most effectively in morocco. [12]
Prickly pear oil is a valuable oil, very appropriate to dispel your insecurities. It enables you to hydrate your body, protect your skin, enhance delicate and dry skin, control the sebum level of oily skin … and lots of other benefits that you can read at the top of our post.

This is an important oil that must be included in your products. Make it a part of your regular and you won’t regret it. So take care of your skin, take care of your hair, look after your body, and lastly take care of yourself, since nobody else will do it for you. [13]

References

  1. Https://www.shoprootscience.com/blog/prickly-pear-seed-oil-for-skin
  2. Https://www.healthbenefitstimes.com/prickly-pear-seed-oil/
  3. Https://www.drugs.com/npp/prickly-pear.html
  4. Https://aromaticstudies.com/prickly-pear-seed-oil/
  5. Https://draxe.com/nutrition/prickly-pear/#recipes
  6. Https://sunia-k.ca/blogs/news/prickly-pear-seed-oil-your-best-defense-against-aging
  7. Https://www.news18.com/news/lifestyle/know-the-benefits-of-prickly-pear-seed-oil-for-your-hair-4058432.html
  8. Https://hellogiggles.com/beauty/prickly-pear-oil-benefits/
  9. Https://www.healthline.com/health/about-prickly-pear-seed-oil#alternatives
  10. Https://marocmama.com/prickly-pear-oil-benefits/
  11. Https://www.nmbotanical.com/blogs/skinboss/the-10-benefits-of-prickly-pear-seed-oil
  12. Https://marocorganic.ma/prickly-pear-oil-4-facts-you-need/?lang=en
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