Sodium Bicarbonate

A white crystalline weakly alkaline salt NaHCO3 utilized especially in baking powders and fire extinguishers and in medicine as an antacid.

— called likewise baking soda, bicarbonate of soda. [1]


Sodium bicarbonate has an abundant history, extending countless years into our past. Ancient Egyptians utilized natural deposits of Natron (a mix consisting of sodium hydrogen carbonate) as paint for their hieroglyphics, to clean teeth, and to treat wounds. In the late eighteenth century, sodium carbonate was produced by a set of New york city bakers as a leavening representative for home baking. They developed a factory to make sodium bicarbonate from sodium carbonate and co2. As it became easily offered, sodium bicarbonate was found to be useful in a myriad of applications. Presently, it can even be found in the World Health Organization’s list of essential medicines. A 2002 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) publication discovered that the majority of sodium bicarbonate international applications were in food (human and animal.) About 5% of its usage remained in cosmetics. [2]


Sodium bicarbonate is used for the treatment of metabolic acidosis which might occur in serious kidney disease, unrestrained diabetes, circulatory deficiency due to shock or serious dehydration, extracorporeal circulation of blood, heart attack and severe main lactic acidosis. Likewise is indicated in extreme diarrhea which is often accompanied by a substantial loss of bicarbonate. Further indicated in the treatment of certain drug intoxications, including barbiturates (where dissociation of the barbiturateprotein complex is preferred), in poisoning by salicylates or methyl alcohol and in hemolytic reactions needing alkalinization of the urine to diminish nephrotoxicity of blood pigments.


Intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy increases plasma bicarbonate, buffers excess hydrogen ion concentration, raises blood pH and reverses the scientific manifestations of acidosis.

System of action

Sodium bicarbonate is a systemic alkalizer, which increases plasma bicarbonate, buffers excess hydrogen ion concentration, and raises blood pH, thus reversing the medical manifestations of acidosis. It is also a urinary alkalizer, increasing the excretion of free bicarbonate ions in the urine, hence efficiently raising the urinary pH. By preserving an alkaline urine, the real dissolution of uric acid stones might be achieved. Sodium bicarbonate serves as an antacid and responds chemically to reduce the effects of or buffer existing amounts of stomach acid however has no direct result on its output. This action results in increased pH value of stomach contents, therefore offering relief of hyperacidity signs. [3]

Sodium bicarbonate Nutrition Information

The following nutrition info, for 1 teaspoon of baking soda, is offered by the USDA.1.

  • Calories: 0
  • Fat: 0g
  • Sodium: 1260mg
  • Carbohydrates: 0g
  • Fiber: 0g
  • Sugars: 0g
  • Protein: 0g
  • Carbs

You will not find any carbohydrates in baking soda, as this compound is simply a representative to increase the rising power of batter when utilized in cooking.


Baking soda is a fat-free cooking compound.


Baking soda uses no protein.

Vitamins and Minerals

Despite the fact that baking soda has no calories, fat, or carbs, it does include 1,260 milligrams of sodium and 1.7 grams of ash.

Americans consume approximately 3,400 milligrams of sodium every day. However the Dietary Standards for Americans from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) suggests taking in less than 2,300 milligrams daily, equaling about 1 teaspoon of salt.

The ash in baking soda is known as sodium carbonate, created by 2 atoms of sodium, one atom of carbon, and 3 atoms of oxygen.


Sodium bicarbonate has no calories. Nevertheless, this does not suggest you can utilize as much as you desire. Due to the fact that cooking with baking soda is a science, you need to follow recipes as they are written to avoid excessive rising in your cooking, in addition to an unfavorable salty soda flavor. [4]

Sodium bicarbonate Health benefits

Baking soda is a natural antacid

One of the sodium bicarbonate advantages consists of neutralising agent. Acid reflux is a typical condition where stomach acid flows from the stomach back in to the oesophagus. This procedure of acid might aggravate your oesophagus and trigger heart burn, a burning feeling that can occur anywhere in between the abdomen and throat. Sodium bicarbonate in baking soda neutralises the stomach acid and eliminates the many symptoms of heartburn and other stomach associated concerns.

Understood to be a natural alkalising agent

It is known to be a natural alkalising representative. This non-toxic substance is utilized to lower the impact of acid and swelling in the body and treat most ailments. It is among the best natural remedies for stabilizing the body’s pH level and for improving overall health. Excess acid in the body can up the risk of osteoporosis, arthritis, et al. 3. Assists ease urinary tract infections. Baking soda and water option is known to serve as a protective barrier versus urinary tract infections; it is due to its ability to reduce acid levels in urine. UTI, which is an extremely common condition that develops in women, this economical remedy comes helpful to you.

Sodium bicarbonate advantages:

Sodium bicarbonate and water service is known to function as a protective barrier versus UTI4. It is known to be an exercise enhancer. The lactic acid launched throughout physical activity or extensive exercises tends to collect in muscles and joints, producing tightness and muscular tiredness. To prevent this from occurring and impacting your physical performance, baking soda advantages come to your rescue. Consuming baking soda watered down in water can assist manage the condition.5. Improves kidney functionAs an alkaline substance, baking soda minimizes acid levels in the body and assists to keep the pH levels in check. According to a research study released in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), the rate of decline in kidney function was considerably reduced – about two-thirds slower than in clients as compared to those who didn’t take baking soda.

Treats gout and other joint issues

High levels of uric acid in the urine and blood in tissues throughout the body cause pain and chronic illness like arthritis and gout. Baking soda assists neutralise the excess acid and is utilized as an efficient remedy.

Produces an incredible exfoliator

Baking soda is an outstanding skin exfoliator; it is mildly abrasive in nature that helps get rid of the dead skin cells and enable new cell production, further providing a glow to the skin. All you require to do is to water down baking soda in water and apply it on your face in a circular motion. Do not use this service daily; rather, utilize it twice a week only.

Baking soda is an outstanding skin exfoliator: Avoids Acne

Sodium bicarbonate reduces the inflammation on the skin and reduces the possibilities of establishing acne and pimples. Its anti-bacterial properties assist avoid breakouts on the skin.3. Perfect for dark lipsKnown as a popular cleansing agent, baking soda benefits dark lips too. All you require to do is to add honey and baking soda together and mix well. Use it on your lips for 2 to 3 minutes before cleaning it off with water.

Helps in teeth whitening

Sodium bicarbonate is the most hassle-free tooth paste that helps give brilliant pearly whites. It assists remove the plaque on teeth, thanks to its abrasive nature. It may also assist in removing discolouration due to the alkaline power it possesses.

A standard ingredient for hair care

While there is no clinical evidence of baking soda being utilized as a best haircare solution, it is said that this ingredient helps soften your hairs and additional promotes hair growth.This magic cooking area component is worthy of more attention that it actually gets. Ensure you bring these baking soda benefits to your rescue! [5]

10 Things You Didn’t Know Sodium Bicarbonate Could Do

1. Soften meat.

Bakers often use baking soda as a leavening agent in breads and cookies, however some chefs also use it to tenderize meat. Many Chinese dishes call for marinating raw meat in a service of baking soda and water, which changes the meat’s pH level and keeps the meat tender as it is prepared. Make sure you use the baking soda directly to whatever meat you’re working with– rather than the meat’s skin or fat– and clean it off before cooking.

2. Polish silver.

Silver precious jewelry and utensils can be challenging to clean, and you probably don’t wish to spend time scrubbing your silver with harmful cleansing options. For an inexpensive, non-toxic cleaner, spray a quarter cup of baking soda into an aluminum foil-lined basin filled with your unclean silver items. Pour boiling water onto the silver, and let it soak till your flatware is clean.

3. Get rid of splinters.

If you’re having difficulty extracting a splinter that’s ingrained deep in your skin, don’t stress. Use a mix of water and baking soda to the skin around the splinter, and cover it with an adhesive tape. In a day or more, the baking soda will soften the skin around the splinter, making it simpler for you to coax the splinter out with tweezers.

4. Water your sinuses.

The American Academy of Allergic Reaction, Asthma & & Immunology recommends that individuals with persistent hay fever attempt a homemade saline sinus rinse to eliminate extra mucus and allergens. Mix three parts iodide-free salt with one part baking soda, and include distilled or boiled (and cooled) water. Put the option into a bulb syringe, and with your head slanted, squeeze the solution into each nostril.

5. Fight body odor.

If you wish to make your own non-toxic deodorant, get some baking soda. Spread out a paste of baking soda and water under your armpits, or make a natural deodorant stick with coconut oil, cornstarch, baking soda, and essential oil.

6. Make your house odor much better.

You may currently keep a box of baking soda in your fridge to reduce the effects of bad smells, however don’t ignore the rest of your home. Produce a homemade air freshener by putting half a cup of baking soda and a couple of drops of an important oil into a little container. Cover the jar with cloth, and put it in your restroom or closet.

7. Relieve itchy bug bites.

For any irritable bug bites, you can utilize a sodium bicarbonate paste to ease the pain, swelling, and irritation around the bite. Use a mix of three parts baking soda and one part water to the skin on and around the bite. This option will relieve discomfort from insect bites, bee stings, and even poison ivy direct exposure.

8. Kill bugs.

Insects, ants, and cockroaches who eat baking soda will die as the baking soda releases deadly carbon dioxide bubbles in their bodies. For more eco-friendly insect control, spray baking soda and vinegar on ant mounds, and put baking soda on plants to eliminate any bugs that might attempt chewing your veggies.

9. Lower dandruff.

Instead of purchase an anti-dandruff hair shampoo, attempt washing your hair with baking soda. When you remain in the shower, massage a paste of baking soda and water into your hair. After a couple of seconds, wash it out. The sodium bicarbonate can eliminate excess oil and flaky skin from your scalp.

10. Eliminate musty book odor.

Old book smell is fantastic, but when that tasty fragrance passes over into musty, it’s time to grab the baking soda. Merely position the old book in a container together with a box of baking soda; put the lid on the container and allow it to sit for a number of days. After a week has passed, that mildewy odor needs to be history (and if it’s not, just pop it back into the container for a few more days). [6]



Sodium bicarbonate is offered on the market in the forms of:.

Sodium bicarbonate

OTC antacid tablets, granules, powder, and liquid options.


The typical oral dose for sodium bicarbonate utilized in human studies is 500 mg, 3x/day. Depending on the intensity of the condition, specialists recommend 325-2000 mg, 1x-4x/ day. Talk about with your medical professional which dosage is most suitable to you based upon your health status.

In individuals with metabolic acidosis, sodium bicarbonate is instilled at dosages of 50-150 mEq/L (moderate acidosis) or 90-180 mEq/L (severe acidosis) over 1-1.5 hours. Due to the fact that infused sodium bicarbonate is only given in a medical setting, your doctor will figure out the very best treatment regime. [7]

Sodium bicarbonate Adverse effects

Adverse effects requiring immediate medical attention

In addition to its needed results, sodium bicarbonate might trigger some undesirable impacts. Although the following negative effects take place really hardly ever when this medication is taken as advised, they might be most likely to occur if it is taken: in big doses, for a very long time, or by clients with kidney illness.

Contact your physician as soon as possible if any of the following adverse effects occur while taking sodium bicarbonate:.

  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • headache (continuing)
  • loss of appetite (continuing)
  • state of mind or psychological modifications
  • muscle pain or twitching
  • nausea or vomiting
  • anxiety or uneasyness
  • slow breathing
  • swelling of feet or lower legs
  • undesirable taste
  • unusual tiredness or weak point

Side effects not needing immediate medical attention

Some side effects of sodium bicarbonate might happen that normally do not need medical attention. These side effects might go away throughout treatment as your body adapts to the medication. Likewise, your health care expert may be able to tell you about methods to prevent or reduce some of these adverse effects.

Talk to your health care professional if any of the following negative effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:.

Less common

  • Increased thirst
  • stomach cramps
  • Managing adverse effects (basic info)
  • For Health care Professionals
  • Applies to sodium bicarbonate: intensifying powder, intravenous solution, oral tablet


Metabolic negative effects have actually consisted of metabolic alkalosis, hypernatremia/hyperosmolarity, hypochloremia, and hypokalemia. These impacts have been related to quick or extended administration. Adverse effects have hardly ever consisted of intravascular volume expansion with resultant hyporeninemia and hypoaldosteronemia.

Persistent ingestion of bicarbonate might seldom cause intravascular volume growth with resultant hyporeninemia and hypoaldosteronemia. In this rare scenario, the serum potassium may rise.

Uncommon cases of sodium bicarbonate abuse have actually been related to functions of Munchausen syndrome. These clients frequently present with an otherwise unexplained hypokalemic hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.

Hypernatremia might cause water retention, weight gain, and edema, which may be necessary in some patients with heart disease, renal deficiency, or severe liver disease.


The breathing drive may be reduced after bicarbonate administration due to increased venous C02 concentration. Without adequate ventilation, aggravated systemic acidosis might establish.

Breathing negative effects have actually consisted of reduced respiratory drive.

Nerve system

Nervous system adverse effects have actually included irritability, tetany, psychological stupor, coma, and intraventricular hemorrhage.

Rapid infusion of hyperosmolar sodium bicarbonate has actually been connected with intraventricular hemorrhage in the pediatric literature.

Irritation and tetany have been connected with sodium bicarbonate-induced alkalosis or hypernatremia.

Due to greater permeability of the blood-brain barrier to hydrogen than to bicarbonate, the pH of cerebrospinal fluid may substantially reduce during sodium bicarbonate administration, which can cause psychological stupor or coma.


Local negative effects have consisted of IV website discomfort, venous irritation, and extravasation. Cellulitis, tissue necrosis, ulcer, or skin sloughing have potentially been the result of extravasation. A slow rate of administration of a properly diluted service into a large bore needle and vein is advised if IV administration is required.


Cardiovascular adverse effects have consisted of decreased cardiac contractility perhaps arising from infusion of sodium bicarbonate in clients with extreme acidosis.

Experimentally, the administration of intravenous hypertonic sodium bicarbonate has been related to increased serum osmolality, reduced ionized serum calcium (which is connected with reduced myocardial contractility), and peripheral vasodilation. Some experts recommend invasive hemodynamic tracking in acidotic clients prior to the administration of bicarbonate.


Gastrointestinal negative effects related to oral administration have actually hardly ever consisted of stomach rupture.

As an antacid, sodium bicarbonate, particularly after excess food or liquid, can cause excess gas release (when combined with gastric acid). The mortality connected with gastric rupture is as high as 65%.


Urinary alkalinization from bicarbonate can trigger an incorrectly favorable colorimetric assay for protein.

Kidney negative effects have actually seldom consisted of “Incorrect proteinuria”. [8]

Prior to Utilizing

In choosing to use a medication, the risks of taking the medication needs to be weighed versus the great it will do. This is a choice you and your physician will make. For this medicine, the following ought to be thought about:.


Inform your medical professional if you have ever had any unusual or allergy to this medication or any other medications. Also tell your healthcare expert if you have any other types of allergic reactions, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or bundle components carefully.


Antacids need to not be given to young children (up to 6 years of age) unless recommended by a doctor. This medicine might not help and might even get worse some conditions, so ensure that your child’s problem ought to be treated with this medicine before you use it.


Many medicines have actually not been studied specifically in older people. Therefore, it might not be understood whether they work precisely the same way they do in more youthful grownups or if they trigger various side effects or problems in older individuals. There is no specific information comparing use of sodium bicarbonate in the elderly with usage in other age groups.


Research studies in ladies suggest that this medication positions minimal danger to the baby when utilized throughout breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines must not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines might be utilized together even if an interaction may happen. In these cases, your medical professional might want to alter the dose, or other precautions might be required. When you are taking this medication, it is particularly crucial that your health care professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have actually been chosen on the basis of their potential significance and are not always all-encompassing.

Utilizing this medicine with any of the following medications is typically not suggested, but may be needed in some cases. If both medications are prescribed together, your doctor might alter the dosage or how frequently you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Acalabrutinib
  • Amphetamine
  • Benzphetamine
  • Cabotegravir
  • Dextroamphetamine
  • Digoxin
  • Erdafitinib
  • Gefitinib
  • Infigratinib
  • Ketoconazole
  • Ledipasvir
  • Lisdexamfetamine
  • Mefenamic Acid
  • Memantine
  • Methamphetamine
  • Neratinib
  • Octreotide
  • Pazopanib
  • Rilpivirine
  • Selpercatinib
  • Sotorasib

Utilizing this medication with any of the following medications may cause an increased risk of specific side effects, but utilizing both drugs might be the best treatment for you. If both medications are recommended together, your physician might change the dosage or how typically you utilize one or both of the medications.

Other Interactions

Specific medications ought to not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating particular kinds of food considering that interactions might take place. Using alcohol or tobacco with specific medications might also trigger interactions to take place. Talk about with your health care expert making use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Issues

The existence of other medical issues may impact using this medicine. Make sure you inform your physician if you have any other medical issues, specifically:.

  • Appendicitis or
  • Intestinal or rectal bleeding– Oral kinds of sodium bicarbonate might make these conditions even worse
  • Edema (swelling of feet or lower legs) or
  • Heart disease or
  • Hypertension (hypertension) or
  • Kidney illness or
  • Liver disease or
  • Problems with urination or
  • Toxemia of pregnancy– Sodium bicarbonate may trigger the body to maintain (keep) water, which may make these conditions worse [9]

Unique Safety Measures and Cautions

  • Pregnancy: Sodium bicarbonate is potentially hazardous when taken by mouth during pregnancy. There is some concern that it may increase the threat of water retention or pH imbalances in the tissues.
  • Breast-feeding: There isn’t adequate reputable details to know if sodium bicarbonate is safe to utilize while breast feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid usage.
  • Kids: There isn’t enough trustworthy info to know if sodium bicarbonate is safe to utilize by mouth in kids. Remain on the safe side and prevent use. Sodium bicarbonate is perhaps hazardous when applied to the skin. There have actually been reports of high sodium blood levels in kids following usage.
  • Burns: Applying sodium bicarbonate to burns might increase burn density in the skin.
  • Abrupt loss of heart function (cardiac arrest): Sodium bicarbonate does not seem to assist in people who have actually had cardiac arrest. It may lower survival or decrease recovery.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA): Sodium bicarbonate increases blood acids called ketones, which are connected with DKA. Sodium bicarbonate should not be used in people with this condition.
  • Swelling (edema): Since sodium bicarbonate includes sodium, it can increase the risk of swelling triggered by excess fluids in the body. Individuals with cardiac arrest, liver illness, or other conditions connected with fluid build-up should use sodium bicarbonate with care.
  • High calcium levels in the blood: People with high calcium levels in the blood can have trouble getting rid of bicarbonate. Taking sodium bicarbonate might increase the threat of problems such as milk-alkali syndrome.
  • High salt levels in the blood: Sodium bicarbonate might increase salt levels in the blood. Individuals who already have high levels of sodium in the blood should prevent sodium bicarbonate.
  • Hypertension: Sodium bicarbonate may increase high blood pressure. Individuals who currently have hypertension must prevent sodium bicarbonate.
  • Low potassium levels in the blood: Sodium bicarbonate may reduce potassium blood levels. People who already have low levels of potassium should prevent sodium bicarbonate. [10]


If your doctor has actually recommended sodium bicarbonate, keep all arranged consultations so that your action to the medicine can be inspected.

It is very important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You must bring this list with you each time you go to a medical professional or if you are confessed to a hospital. It is also crucial details to carry with you in case of emergencies. [11]


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